Human trafficking, sex slavery and forced labor are among methods through which rights of human beings are taken away in the present day world. Human rights can most appropriately get discussed under ethical issues. In this regard, it is preferable to consider ethical behaviors as those which involve kindness, compulsion and sympathy, and actions which do not lead to human suffering as well which set an individual at liberty to select on what to do or not to do (Burroughs & Powell 15). Human trafficking, sex slavery and forced labor have been in the rise. They have been occurring all over the world including in Saudi Arabia, America, Thailand, Sudan, among many other countries. However, each category of the vice is preference in certain regions than others. Governments should feel under obligation to eradicate the vice (McCabe 116).
In a general view, the reason for the increased slavery and human trafficking is due to a number of reasons. For instance, it is caused by persistence of racial and ethnic profiling (Bales & Soodalter 20). This is where members of certain races and ethnic communities tend to think that they are superior to others. They therefore use this reasoning to justify their reasons for oppression others (Bolkovac & Cari 3). However, the judiciary should be strict in punishing those who carry out discrimination.
Another factor which has promoted existence of this kind of vice is the problem of poverty. Those who accept to go and work mainly in foreign countries end up getting enslaved. It is unfortunate that they risk of leaving their mother countries for greener pastures not even aware of where they are likely to find themselves later (Baughman 9). They take up the risk since they do not have better opportunities in their own countries. Things only turn to be sour where they get employed by those who are not conscious of human dignity (McCormick 17). Those who have suffered as victims of this form of oppression are even denied access to communication. It is unfortunate that once they have entered into the trap they lack methods of getting out. Today, there is high availability of communications mainly facilitated by the presence of the mobile phone (Cullen 40). This has a key technique through which those who have been enslaved have using to find assistance.
Another reason which has led to high increase of human trafficking, slavery and forced later is lack of understanding of ethical issues among human beings. As it has been described by various philosophers, human beings are born with id, ego and superego (Destefano 11). This takes the society to shape their behavior traits among other factors. Those who fail to develop virtues among them kindness, sympathy and compassion are likely to oppress others (McCormick 89). This can also be explained in the tendency for people to seek to rule and dominate others based on their selfish nature by birth.
There sometimes exists lack of sensitivity of the existence of the inherent dignity in human beings. This leads to some people tending to oppress others in slavery including that of labor and sex. It requires education on human rights (Grant & Grant, 133). When those who break the law on the matter receive punishment, then others develop consciousness on why they should not engage on oppression due to difference in gender, race or language.
The problem of trafficking of human beings which later leads to enslavement as sex workers, domestic workers and other forms of labor is prompted by the existence of demand. The demand on the other hand is caused by the failure of the governments either to form proper framework for curbing the vice or failure to implement it. It is important that every country take the issues seriously on ethical grounds (Hall, et al I 27). For, instance it is wrong to enslave people because it is a form of discrimination. Those who engage in discrimination based on race, gender, religion or any other reason should be prosecuted (Meinert 1). This is because they violate the law by dehumanizing others. In addition, minority and vulnerable groups are the most affected. This includes, children, women and minority ethnic groups. Lack of proper guidelines to protect such groups is the result for their enslavement (McCormick 36).
The civil societies have a key role in fighting against the vices in society mainly those which lead to violation of human rights. In cases where such groups are not active then cases of slavery and human trafficking tend to be high. These groups need to be active and raise their voices against modern using social media, demonstrations and other available means. This will be based on the sensitivity of the weight of the matter in regard to human dignity.
Another reason why the problem of slavery is high whether in domestic work or in the farm is because the oppressed people are not aware of the existence of law to protect them. This ends up leading to acceptance of the vice in the society. Even the neighbors who witness the oppression think that it is normal and thus they do not offer any criticism.
The mass media is an important tool for education and creating of surveillance in society apart from educating the members of public (McGill 96). The current trend in rise of human trafficking and enslavement can be reduced through the media reports and education. Those who accept to move away from their countries but later find themselves getting enslaved are ignorant of the existence of the vice. They therefore accept at their own to be transported to the countries where they later suffer in the enslavement (Skinner 15). The media should talk about the places where the demand for people to be used as sex objects and in labor should be put at the spot both in the electronic and mass media. In other words, the members of the public should be sensitized about the issue so that they avoid making themselves victims (Sher 98).
The rise of human trafficking and consequently enslavement in sex, domestic labor and other forms of labor is as a result of lack of concern at the international community. Though the existence of rules in the Declaration for Human Rights and in the International Humanitarian Law, these rules are not adequate (Trodd, et al 22). Therefore, there is need to strengthen them so that individual governments become responsible for action of its citizens who enslave others. By doing so the laws of the countries regarding the issue will be strengthened as the implementation is as taken seriously (Parrenas 10). There is no doubt that there is a wide gap as the matter lacks enough addressing. It is evident through the continued existence of the problem and even its present increase. Both the Governments of the receiving country of human trafficked people and the country of origin should be held accountable. The question is why they fail to stop this kind of crime from occurring (Hart 35). These governments should take responsibilities of protecting their citizens as well as the whole human race under international conventions. Those who cross the border should do it in justification of where they are going or from where and for which reason.
Lack of education regarding human trafficking and the issue of current day enslavement mainly of domestic worker has not been addressed through school education. This has caused lack of sensitivity on the ethical issues surrounding it. It is necessary that every individual get to understand that human respect and dignity are inherent that that they should be preserved at all cost. This should be emphasized through the teaching that all are equal and there is no prove that there is any human being who is superior to the other by the virtue of birth (Legrain 21). By doing so, a positive culture regarding the image of oneself and others will be inculcated in young generations as they grow. Thus, people will say no to enslavement. They will seek to fight for their dignity at all cost (Kempadoo 32).
Rise of human trafficking and enslavement has lead to increased violation of rights for human life. This is because those who become victims of the situation suffer threats from their masters who may end up killing them (Koser 45). The problem is that in many occasions they lack legal documents and they happen to be in a foreign country not as free people but as slave of the owners. They lack identity and legal documents that the relevant authority does not have legal documents to show where they live. They are fearful to report of their current situation and sometimes they lack power to do so. They get tormented not facing forced labor but also sexual harassment (Kasten & Sage 67). Finally, some get killed.
The existing gap in the execution of rules of migration forms a leeway for the increased rate of human trafficking. This is seen in the crossing of borders of individuals from of different countries to other countries where they move to seek for employment. Governments need to put strong measures in guarding the borders so that people do not cross without the right documents (McCabe, 116). The security personnel should work to detect illegal immigrants. Any person noted to have come into a country or moved out as a result of human trafficking by use of illegal or legal documents should be forced by all means to give information regarding those who are engaged in the act (Kara 109). Such people should be dealt with in regard to both in internal law of the country as well as international conventions.
The worst form of human trafficking the present time is that which involve child trafficking. It violates the rights of children (King 84). Children should be highly protected against any form of suffering since they are young, vulnerable, tender and in the process of adopting in the world through learning. They have not developed to make certain decisions and they are being trained to do so. The government, the civil societies, non-governmental organizations have taken up this responsibility. The rights of children well stipulated in the different laws and conventions (Bales 23). It is totally unfair to take away a child from their family for it is a right of every child to grow up in a family in which they find identity. Also, trafficking of children leads to other evils like child labor. There is need to the governments to emphasize that parents should guard their children against such cases (Bales 15). Those lost children should be immediately reported and measures immediately taken to identify them and take them back to their families.
In conclusion, there has been increased reporting of human trafficking, sex slavery, domestic labor slavery and farm labor slavery. All these forms of actions are unethical because they are deny the victims of their inherent dignity. The factors that lead to high rate of the crimes is due to existence of demand, lack consciousness about the need to respect all be people as equal being, ignorance of the victims, lack of action by the media and civil society in fighting against the vice and lack of education in schools regarding the matter. Individual governments and the international community’s need to work together to stop these kind of crimes from occurring.
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