Body Weight Regulation and Anorexia

 

Body Weight Regulation and Anorexia

 

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Body Weight Regulation and Anorexia

Obesity describes the context in which the body has too much body fats. This shows a clear difference between being obese and overweight. Being overweight means a body has extra muscles, bone, or water as well as having too much fat in the body (Dugdale and Vorvick, 2012, p 2, Para 8).  This shows that body weight is higher than the healthy levels recommended medically.

On this view, the scientific findings shed some facts on the problem of body weight regulation, which include:

  1. Eating more food than one body can use and utilize causing the accumulation of excess fats
  2. In addition the consumption of too much alcohol which the body liver cannot break down
  3. The view of not getting enough exercise due to the lack of free time on the daily schedule

The metabolic rate of an individual body changes with calorific intake. This is because the human body stores all the un-burnt calories in the form of fats. When an individual consumes low calories, the body homeostatic reacts by rather finding the other sources of energy to keep the energy levels at an optimum level (Dugdale and Vorvick, 2012, p 3, Para 8). Hence, this enables the vital organs like the heart, liver and kidneys to function well. This is by adapting to the catabolism of the muscles, which can lead to starvation, and emaciation of the body tissues. In addition, when large calories are consumed, the body uses some for normal cellular metabolism and stores the remainder as fats in the blood. This relative changes leads to changes in the calorific metabolism.

Some factors influence the body weights are:

  1.  Underactive thyroid gland treatment- this is caused by medical problems in the treatment process, which can lead to weight gain.
  2. Menopause for women, which can lead to the gain of 12-15 pounds during the first few months of the condition
  3. Medicines such as birth control pills antidepressants and antipsychotics, which cause the low calorie, break down in the body metabolism leading to overweight.
  4. Stress, anxiety, feeling sad and not sleeping well causes low calories break down leading to overweight.

Finally, cultural influences might contribute to eating disorders in the context whereby a culture is developed and many people consume heavy fatty foods and snacks, which the body cannot utilize them all and this consequently leads to overweight and eating disorders(Dugdale and Vorvick, 2012, p 4, Para 10). In addition, lack of aerobic exercises such as jogging, running and playing various games leads to high calories level accumulation, which consequently leads to obesity and related eating disorders. 

 

 

 

 

 

References

Dugdale, D. and Vorvick, L. (2012). A.D.A.M Medical Encyclopedia. Obesity. (pp. 1- 6). Atlanta: PubMed Health. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth

 

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