Health Promotion Proposal

Health Promotion Proposal


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Literature Review

The development of cardiovascular disease and stroke has been attributed to unhealthy lifestyle choices such as overeating, inactivity, and other associated conditions such as hypertension which exacerbate the development of these conditions. Minority groups in The United States of America such as the African-Americans are prone to these conditions due to various reasons (Dundas, Morgan, Redfern, Lemic-Stojcevic, & Wolfe, 2001). Some of the common factors that have been attributed to the higher prevalence of these conditions compared to other populations such as the Native Americans, include low socioeconomic status of these groups which limit their accessibility to health care services, lack of exposure to screening and treatment services, and social, cultural and religious beliefs.

Following the prevalence of these conditions, it is essential to come up with programs and intervention plans, which can address primary, and secondary preventive care measures heart diseases and the associated risk factors. Genetic predisposition to cardiovascular conditions and stroke is another major risk factor that has been highlighted to be responsible for the development of these conditions among African-Americans (Dundas, Morgan, Redfern, Lemic-Stojcevic, & Wolfe, 2001).

Components of promotion of people’s health in relation to the prevalence of  heart diseases and stroke, entails the institution of a concrete action plan that can be used to enhance better, and quality living standards. This is because heart disease and stroke has been documented as the first and third leading causes of death for men and women, among the most common and heal problems in The United States of America. In the year 2009, cardiovascular diseases were responsible for the deaths of 46, 334 black males and 48,070 black females, figures which have been described to be very high in relation to the desired level of morbidity and mortality rates (Lemic-Stojcevic, Dundas, Jenkins, Rudd, & Wolfe, 2001).

Theoretical Framework

The major action plan that can be used to curtail the prevalence of these conditions among the minority groups include coming up with goals that will increase the quality and years of healthy life, and eradicate health disparities among these groups of people. In relation to reducing the prevalence of these conditions among the minority groups in The United States of America, an action plan has to be instituted to reduce the prevalence of these conditions. The main components of the theoretical framework that can be used to solve these problems include the use of present reality, a vision of the future, intervention approaches, healthy people 2020 partnership goals, and target population (Lemic-Stojcevic, Dundas, Jenkins, Rudd, & Wolfe, 2001).

The present day reality is a key component that is used to explain and summarize the existing knowledge about the progressive development of these conditions. This will help in strategizing on long-term solutions to these problems. A vision of the future explains the conducive conditions that must be achieved for epidemic heart disease and stroke to be arrested and reversed. Target population indicates the number of people who can be reached by each successive intervention approach, while the healthy people 2020 partnership goals is majorly concerned with reducing the prevalence of these conditions using intervention approaches (Lip, Barnett, Bradbury, Cappuccio, Gill, Hughes, & Patel, 2007).

The process of dealing with these conditions can be divided into five components which include the plan of taking action. This involves the transformation of the current situation into effective health action. The second component is the strengthening capacity, which entails sustainability of the mounted actions. Impact evaluation and advancing policy are the other stages, which involve defining the most critical policies which will prevent the recurrence of the same problems. Lastly, engaging in regional and global partnerships is the last step that aims at multiplying resources for sustainability of the improved conditions (Lemic-Stojcevic, Dundas, Jenkins, Rudd, & Wolfe, 2001).



Theoretical framework of health promotion








Advancing policy


Impact evaluation


Capacity strengthening
























Dundas, R., Morgan, M., Redfern, J., Lemic-Stojcevic, N., & Wolfe, C. (2001). Ethnic

Differences in Behavioural Risk Factors for Stroke: Implications for Health Promotion. Ethnicity & Health6(2), 95-103. 

Lemic-Stojcevic, N., Dundas, R., Jenkins, S., Rudd, A., & Wolfe, C. (2001). Preventable

Risk Factors for Coronary Heart Disease and Stroke Amongst Ethnic Groups in London. Ethnicity & Health6(2), 87-94.

Lip, G. H., Barnett, A. H., Bradbury, A. A., Cappuccio, F. P., Gill, P. S., Hughes, E. E., & …

Patel, K. K. (2007). Ethnicity and cardiovascular disease prevention in the United Kingdom: a practical approach to management. Journal Of Human Hypertension,21(3), 183-211.

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