Marijuana or Cannabis sativa is a strong medicinal plant which has been banned in many regions globally because of its psychotropic properties (Delta-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). The drug is increasingly abused in the United States of America, where very many people have advocated its legalization due to its benefits. However, it is the same properties, which permit marijuana to be used to treat numerous diseases and for pain relief, leading to some countries to legalize the plant for medicinal uses. It is noted that the ingredients in marijuana have certain medical benefits that can be used to treat and reinstate various health conditions. Moreover, the potential beneficial health effects outweigh the psychotropic properties of cannabis and Hemp oil (THC free) is one of the most nutritionally rich existing oils. Nevertheless, it is factual that the careless use of cannabis is not with no danger, as well as certain undesired impacts can be destructive to health (Caulkins, Angela, Beau and Mark p.10-12).
Creational Using Vs. Marijuana Using
Studies have divulged that most American residents support the corroboration of Cannabis sativa. However, surveys carried out on bhang have disclosed that even the youth support for the lawful use of the drug. On the other hand, medical researchers have theorized as well as confirmed the health advantages of the drug conditioning that it is curative to a range of health conditions. Alternatively, United States’ Pew Research Centre admitted that about fifty-two percent of Americans back the validation of Cannabis sativa (McGeorge School of Law p. 17).
However, with time, the pharmaceutical world came about with more successful artificial drugs, for instance, aspirin as well as barbiturates. These drugs initiated substituting the herbal medicine usage. People started leaving the usage of medical Cannabis sativa (McGeorge School of Law p. 24).
Meanwhile, smoking of bhang for recreational purposes turn out to be popular practice in the U.S. It is extremely embraced by a number of musicians, for instance jazz musicians as well as other artists who smoked the drug for enjoyment. The enhanced cannabis abuse reports numerous pessimistic consequences. It pilots to raised habit, rampant crime, enhanced mental illnesses and even deaths. Accordingly, the Marijuana Tax Act of 1937 was passed by the U.S. Congress that imposed harsh constraints on the drug prescriptions and sales. Nevertheless, this move led to various pharmaceutical companies excluding marijuana-based drugs from their productions. In the year 1942, Marijuana was removed from the United States Pharmacopoeia (USP) on the basis that it was an addictive drug that had several harmful effects (McGeorge School of Law p. 80-92).
Comparative Analysis among Marijuana, Alcohol, and Cigarette
Alcohol, tobacco, as well as cannabis, are among the commonly used psychoactive substances developed world. However, there appears not having comparison of the associations of these types of drugs with various mental health problems in the general population (Longhi, Dario, and Laura Porter p.19)
Alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis are associated with psychosis. Marijuana dependence appears to be most strongly associated with psychotic symptoms as compared to alcohol and tobacco. However, cannabis dependency as well as tobacco is correlated with psychosis in which the associated strength of marijuana is same as that of tobacco. Nevertheless, between cannabis and tobacco use the risk of exacerbation of, or recurrence of mental health problems (Longhi, Dario, and Laura Porter p.28).
Unlike alcohol, marijuana and tobacco use is associated with increase rates of anxiety as well as affective disorders. On the other hand, in contrast to alcohol dependence, marijuana and tobacco use remain markers for the increased likelihood of anxiety effective disorders (Longhi, Dario, and Laura Porter p.45)
The legalization of marijuana for medical uses depends on whether the medical benefits of the substance outweigh its negative consequences. According to scientific literature, marijuana is said to be an addictive drug and that its usage leads to the impairment of bodily and mental functions. Most researchers associate marijuana with immune system deficiencies, heart diseases, memory loss, cancer, birth defects and among other forms of ill-health. It has also been established that the usage of marijuana leads to increased crime, violence and general social disintegration of the society. It is these negative consequences which frustrate the recognition of the medicinal value of marijuana (McGeorge School of Law p. 31).
Despite the negative consequences of the drug, marijuana can be used for several medical purposes. It is one of the safest substances that are normally recommended by therapists and other medical experts. Research has shown that marijuana is used in the treatment of several clinical applications. These include usage in pain relief, spasticity, nausea, glaucoma, disorders related to movement and in the treatment of malaria, dysentery and other fevers. Medical experts have also found out that marijuana is a powerful appetite stimulant. It can, therefore, be used in stimulating appetite among patients of HIV/AIDS and dementia. Other researchers have found out that marijuana can be used in protecting the body against malignant tumors and that the substance is neuroprotective. From these findings, it is certain that the medical benefits of marijuana outweigh its negative consequences. Therefore, it is important for the medical uses of marijuana to be legalized (McGeorge School of Law p.112-118).
Caulkins, Jonathan, Angela Hawken, Beau Kilmer, and Mark Kleiman. Marijuana Legalization: What Everyone Needs to Know? 2012. Print.
Longhi, Dario, and Laura Porter. How Do High Risk Counties Protect All Youth? Fact Sheet: Greater Community Capacity Decrease in Rates of Alcohol, Cigarette and Marijuana Use for the Youth Population as a Whole. Olympia, WA: Washington State Family Policy Council, 2010. Internet resource.
McGeorge School of Law. “The Road to Legitimizing Marijuana: What Benefit and What Price? : Symposium.” Mcgeorge Law Review. 43.1 (2012): 1-167. Print.