SURREALISM AND ABSURD FILMS
Surrealism and Absurd Films
Surrealism is a literary and art movement that is dedicated at expressing the imaginations as revealed in dreams free of the consciousness control of reason and convention. Its anti-rationalist sensibility was majorly inherited from data but it was considered to be lighter as compared the movement. Just like the case dada, the movement was generally shaped by emerging theories related to people’s perceptions of realities with the most obvious being as a result of the influence of Freud’s model of the subconscious. The movement is greatly associated with the works of André Breton who officially started it Paris in the year 1924 (Kanbanchi, 2014). It was basically as result of Breton’s manifesto of Surrealism led to the founding of the movement.
As such, the movement principle was aimed at resolving the previously conflicting conditions of the dream and reality into an absolute reality, a kind of super-reality. However, its major roots are traceable back to the works of French poets like Arthur Rimbaud, Charles Baudelaire and Lautreamont. As an indicator of Surrealists’ love of the incongruous, Lautreamont once stated that, “…Beautiful as the chance encounter of a sewing machine and an umbrella on a dissecting table…” a phrase that commonly used in the movement (Kanbanchi, 2014). Some of the renowned artists of the movement include Salvador Dali, Max Ernst, René Magritte and Joan Miró. Basically, the movement had had various impacts in relation to the popular culture and as a matter of fact, its effects are still evident in the modern world as exemplified in the visual arts, literature, film and music in various countries and languages. The aspect is also manifested within political thoughts and practice, social theory and philosophy.
An example of an early film by the surrealists is the Le sang d’un poète by Jean Cocteau produced in the year 1930.
Absurd or absurdism and used on in fictions is considered as a type of literature that is more often applied in plays, novels and or poems in depicting the experiences of characters in substations they cannot find any natural purpose of life (Kanbanchi, 2014). It is in most cases represented eventual meaningless actions and or events that try to call into question certainties like for instance truths or values. In most cases, the major elements characterizing absurdism or absurdist fiction include aspects like satire, dark humor, the abasement of reason, incongruity and controversies as regards to the philosophical state of being “nothing”. Generally, major works of absurdism tend to explore areas of agnostic and nihilistic subjects. In certain cases, these works may tend to be humorous and or irrational in nature.
However, the major trait of the genre is neither a comedy not nonsense but a rather taken as a study of the human behavior under given circumstances whether being a realistic or fantastical appearing to be purposeless and philosophically absurd. In this approach, absurdists provide little judgment as concerns the characters and the realizations of the characters. In the event such attributes are present they are often regarded as being ambiguous in nature. In addition and contrary to other types of fiction, absurdist works will in most case lack a sort traditional plot structure for instance aspects such as a rising action, a climax, or falling action among others (Kanbanchi, 2014).
An example of absurd film: Simea released this year (Vimeo, LLC, 2014).
Kanbanchi, (2014). Surrealism. Retrieved from http://www.artmovements.co.uk/surrealism.htm
Vimeo, LLC., (2014). Absurd Film. Retrieved from http://vimeo.com/absurdfilm