History of the United States, 1607 to 1877

Ways in which the war impacted development

Unlike most wars, the war of 1812 did not have any political or legislation impacts on the citizens or people who survived the war. It is likely for changes in terms of both boundary and national or regional framework once a war has occurred. However, there are also some wars where major changes in political and legislation aspect do not occur. The war which transpired in 1812 is one of such characteristics (Gillon and Matson, 2008). Nonetheless, there is a mandatory change after a war. This means that after a war there must be an alteration in the previous arrangement before the war some of the changes while others are positive. In cases where the war has led to positive changes the war is described as instrumental for the region (Gillon and Matson, 2008). The War of 18212 was a war between US and the royal empire mostly engineered by Napoleon. The war ended in 1814, but the treaty signed by the two parties was enacted in 1815. The war had different impacts on the United States.

The war is recognized as the turning point for the United States economically (Gillon and Matson, 2008). During the start of the war, America is described as a country which was merely exploiting business and trade. This is due to the absence of significant business agenda and practice in the US at the beginning of the war. During the war trade between the US and Great Britain was ceases as the two were at war. This influenced the urge to establish domestic industries to meet the American people’s need (Gillon and Matson, 2008). A textile industry built by Cabot Lowell is evidence of industrial developments that were forged by the end of the war. In addition, the American people established an identity. The people became proud of their nation and their products and this was the foundation of the current America (world’s super power).

Significance of the battle of Antietam

The American civil war’s main objective was end to slavery. Numerous battles were fought and massive causality was encountered as a result. However, in some battles, courage and forces were strengthened, while in others courage was destabilized (Gillon and Matson, 2008). Some of the famous battles include the battle and fort Wagner under Robert Shaw and the Battle of Antietam. These battles were unique. Battle of Antietam was unique since it was the first battle to be fought on northern front of the country. The battle is renowned for its victory as it was redemption to the streak of losing that was experienced for a long time. This victory provided a platform for Abraham Lincoln Emancipation Proclamation. This required a political backing which he did not have at the start of the battle (Gillon and Matson, 2008). Therefore, besides the massive loss in lives, the Union front was able to stabilize its attacking policy and obtain an opportunity to address their concerns to the country. Emancipation proclamation was the genesis of abolitionists who were the people against confederates. While confederates supported slavery, abolitionists were against the idea and were in war to stop slavery in the country. The battle is important for the civil war because if the union were unable to secure victory from the battle, Lincoln would not have a platform for his proclamation and a united front for fight against slavery would not have been introduced. Furthermore, it also contributed towards advertising the fight against slavery thus obtaining enough support to actualize their dream (Gillon and Matson, 2008).

Antebellum period and slavery

Antebellum, period is described as the time after the 1812 war and the beginning of the civil war. During this period there were a series of events which contributed either directly or indirectly to the present status of the United States of America (Gillon and Matson, 2008). A dominant issue during this period is slavery. Slavery was legal in various states in the US in the antebellum period. A slave was under the authority of their master who had acquired them from the slave market. Whites were the only race whose people were not slaves. On the other hand, blacks were had the highest number of slaves during this period (Gillon and Matson, 2008). Spotting a black person who was not a slave was difficult. This is because the number of blacks who were not slaves was insignificant. Other colored races also comprised as the slave population with varied proportions. Every state has its own set of rules which described authority of the masters over slaves. This meant that slaves were perceived lower human beings. The fact that slaves were perceived as inferior human beings caused controversy in the US. Some people had empathy and sympathy for those condemned to slavery. This people perceived blacks as their equals, therefore condemning them to slavery as a result of their skin color seemed unjust to them (Gillon and Matson, 2008). As a result, movements were established t undermine the authority which masters bestowed on their slaves, initially it began with secret attacks. This involved covert operations where slave masters were attacked and were harmed (Gillon and Matson, 2008). Sometimes the loss was in terms of property alone whilst in some instances it involved physical injury to the slave masters. Later, the movements decided to declare their intentions and state their views in the open. Street rebellions and demonstrations were organized. However, this had different effects as several state governments retaliated to this through lethal force. In some instances lives were lost and huge property damage. Turner rebellion and Nullification crisis include some of the events organized by anti-slavery movements (Gillon and Matson, 2008). These events were countered with response from the government which included policies banning protest from slavery and any anti-slavery movement. Turner rebellion is popular for its causality report. The rebellions lead to the loss of sixty white people. In retaliation, the states executed at least 53 laves and later more than one hundred followed. Anti-slavery movement laws were tightened and slaves’ freedom was utterly jeopardized (Gillon and Matson, 2008).

In spite of the huge blow, that the governments had made on slavery movements in terms of compromises led to a renewed urge to end slavery (Gillon and Matson, 2008). This lead to development of an abolitionist frontier which constituted comprised people who shun slavery. Unfortunately, in the states where slavery was permitted rebellion movements were not able to obtain an opportunity to convey their point. Instead the few rebellion platforms were silenced through lethal force and further restrictions on the legal arena. Therefore, abolitionists were only left with one option which was to fight for what they believed (Gillon and Matson, 2008). This is recognized as t he first plot to offset a civil war based on the divide between the confederates and the abolitionists.

In conclusion, retaliations which the state governments provided for the slave protests availed a platform for the civil war. Retaliations were perceived as harsh and limited ground for diplomatic resolution between the two frontiers. Since dialogue was unable to restore order and address people’s concerns it lead to the civil war.


Gillon, S. and Matson, C., (2008) The American Experiment: A History of the United States, 3rd             Edition, Cengage Learning


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