NEGATIVE SELF TALK
During discussions it is easy to pose a fallacious argument without realizing. When we use words such as ought, shall and must we suggest that, what we think will definitely occur. Thus in an argument such as this: Since the amalgamation of the United States of America, all the presidents have been male hence in the future USA elections the president elect ought to be a men. We already assume the sex of the next American president even before the elections have been held. Though the supporting statements are true, however the conclusion is not. The word ought should have been replaced with most likely when expressing such an opinion.
An irrational belief can create a lot of stress as seen. Tupac Shakur was a gangster. Tupac was an rapper. Hence, all rappers are gangster. The belief was rational because it depicted the behavior of all rappers based on the character of one individual. It is a fact that not all rappers are gangsters just the same way not all white Americans are rich. It maybe true that some rappers are gangsters but ths does not make them all gangsters. This argument is therefore fallacious. This elicited negative reaction from people ,who though they agreed with the first two statements they thought the conclusion was too general. A more positive approach would be to be either very specific in the argument or to generalize the conclusion in such a way that it is not fallacious. Thus, in the above case the argument should have been concluded by either of these statements: hence, most rappers are likely to be gangsters or Tupac came from a neighborhood with a lot of gangs. Everyone in the neighborhood were gangsters hence Tupac was a gangster.
Blonna, R. (2006) Coping with stress in a changing world, McGraw-Hill Humanities/ social Sciences/ L