Sociology is defined as the study of the social behavior of human being. How the behavior originated, its development, the possible organizations that contribute to the shape of behavior as well as all other institutions that contribute to individual behavior. Indeed, sociology is a branch of social science that uses critical analysis and empirical studies to explain on social structures, social actions, and the attributed social functions (Lukes, 2013). Human beings are born in a society and grow in the community where they are taught on social norms and values that guide social interactions and relationships. Thus, the saying that ‘’in order to be, or become fully human, humans need a great deal of proficiency at taking account of others and forming relationships with them remains valid.
Actually, it can be argued that everybody is a sociologist because in every action, humans are controlled by the social norms, values, institutions and structures. Therefore, all sociologists became as such before going to a sociology class. To elaborate on this, the society directly or indirectly teaches its members on how to behave in different occasions, how to response to different people in various age groups and how to conduct themselves. This sociological knowledge is inculcated freely by the society to all its members (Jackson & Rahman, 2010). Therefore, a sociologist attains this status before enrolling into a sociology class and the only different is that he or she does not understand the concepts as sociological until sharpened with sociological knowledge and imaginations.
In individual life, sociology is done constantly through learning on different sociological issues that affect individuals and society. It is noteworthy, that this learning of sociology is not only for sociologist but instead for everyone. This means that individual life is purely sociological and all individual actions are sociological in their nature. First, sociology is done in everyday life through social institutions. It is the responsibility of most of people to attend churches, schools and visit the sick in hospitals and prisons. During this process, individual person learn on the roles of various organizations, the structural formation and the functions of these organizations (Hoffer & Godwyn, 2011). As a result, they advance their knowledge on sociology of organization. As parents take their children’s to schools, they understand on the formation and the history of the school.
This aspect of social learning on institution contributes the larger part of the sociology of organization. Sociology is done in the daily life of a person. For instance, in everyday life, everyone works in order to change his life and attain a certain status in the society. They see other people who have achieved success in their life and are living in good houses, driving good cars and taking their children’s in prestigious schools (Hoffer & Godwyn, 2011). As the society observes that; they learn on the sociological concept of social stratification where the society is divided into strata and class segregation. In everyday life, we take the unit of deviance and social control. This unit is done when we all walk along the streets of major cities and notice a huge number of street children. As a result, an individual tends to think on the possible causes of deviance and possibility what the government and society can do to change the lives of these street children.
Here, a lot of sociology is done because deviance behavior is attributed to social factors such as environments and poverty. As we think of the role of government on the lives of these people, institutional frameworks are analyzed (Virginia Commonwealth University, 2014). This analysis culminates to the study of sociology.
In the contemporary society, people network and interact through face book, tweeter, penister and other social networks. These interactions allow the society to study sociology of networks where people form a long chain of networks of people they rarely know and convert these networks to productive social relationships. Sociology is a component of everyday life because is manifested in secularization. In many cases, people spend weekends in entertainment of music such as pop culture, reggae, religious gospels and traditional dances (Jackson & Rahman, 2010). As people listen to this secular music, they learn on different cultures and the manner in which to interact with these diverse cultures. This interaction contributes to the sociology of culture and music.
It is evident that human beings are sexual in nature. Therefore, in everyday life, the society engages in sexual activities for the sake of pleasure, procreation or even prestige and discovery. As human practice sexual relationships, they study the larger bit on sociology of gender and sexuality. At times, members of society contract sexually transmitted disease. Upon going for medication, the medical practitioners teach them on health sexual life (Jackson & Rahman, 2010). The information conveyed introduces them to the sociology of gender and sexuality.
Evidently, in everything that human do, they study a lot of sociology. For instance, when a family member engages in excessive use of alcohol, and other drugs, the members of the society think of taking the culprit to a rehabilitation centre. In these institutions, the parties to it are taught that the behavior of the person is attributed to weak family ties, environments that license the use of drugs, and poor choice of friends (Virginia Commonwealth University, 2014). Advice is given that the addict should be left to stay close with the family members for a change. Here, the sociology of family is studied in depth. The course on sociology of family is taught to the family relatives who are encouraged to incorporate the addict into the family in order to create a sense of belonging and turn away from addiction and drug abuse.
In almost every society the sociology of marriage and culture is studied. These lessons are taught at the time when a friend, a relative or a colleague at work decides to marry. In this case, various groups of people assemble to organize for the wedding, and possiblely the amount of dowry to be paid. As we meet to talk and clarify on this issue, we all learn on different cultural beliefs of different societies (Jackson & Rahman, 2010). This is the main component of the sociology of marriage and culture. All the societies, governments, states and nations have defense forces. In the event of social conflict between countries or ethnicity among different clans the military personnel are deployed to calm the situation. The military will use their power to stop the conflict and protect the nation from threat. In the event of the exercise, the society refreshes on sociology of social class where power plays an essential role in enforcing observance to the law and social justice, social norms and practices.
In a similar understanding, in everyday life, members of the society interact through the use of language and symbols. Here, we learn on the sociological theory on symbolic interactions and use of language as a means of communication (Thomson Reuters, 2014). Nowadays, the media houses have taken a lead to educate on the happenings in the world. As individuals listen to the news, they learn the sociological issues on media propaganda and the possible impact on social interaction.
In conclusion, every individual person in the society ranging from a child, parent, a professionals or traditionalist learn various segments of sociology as outlined above. Irrespective of the various sociological understandings learned in daily interactions, such as the sociology of marriage, secularization, media, health, family, marriage and culture, a stronger bit underlie the study of the sociology of work. This is manifested when each member in the society is attached to the sociology of work where we all think about work, career, profession as well as work ethics.
Hoffer, J. & Godwyn, M. (2011). Sociology of Organization: Structures and Relationships. Los Angeles. Sage Publication, Inc.
Jackson, S. & Rahman, M. (2010). Gender and Sexuality. Cambridge. Polity Press.
Lukes, S. (2013). The Rules of Sociological Methods: And Selected Texts on Sociology and its Methods. New York: Free Press.
Thomson Reuters (2014). Work, Employment and Society. Journal of the British Sociological Association, 28, 3-5.
Virginia Commonwealth University (2014). Deviance and Social Control. Retrieved from