Internet, Free Flow of Info, and Protectionism

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Introduction

This paper mainly provides some of the reasons why United States policy makers promote and recognizes the importance of the use of the internet for free trade and other economic development practices in the country. This will be based on the evident on large number of internet based firms such as Apple, Yahoo and Amazon among many other digital firms in the United States.

U.S. Policy makers and Free flow of online information

There are various reasons why United States determined to provide and develop rules and policies that promote free flow of information especially digital and online information systems. The United States policy makers are also determined to reduce and control online protectionism systems. [1]According to a number of research based studies and reports, it is clear that the United States policy makers recognized the important of internet towards the promotion of free trade and economic development in the country. [2]Furthermore, the majority of internet based global companies such as Apple, Yahoo as well as Amazon are mainly based in the United States. In that sense, it is evident that the United States is one of the countries that value the provision of internet freedom to all individuals in the society. The internet is used in various sectors in the United States including educational, technological as well as health care and scientific based activities in the society.

Despite this, there are cases where the government usually controls the flow of information in the society especially in order to reduce and prevent intellectual violations and other security problems. In the United States, policy makers are mainly determined to promote the freedom of internet use with the aim of improving information flow in the country. This is because they have recognized the importance of the internet towards educational, scientific and technological development in the country.[3]The US policy makers also recognize the importance of information flow towards expansion of trade agreements in the country. According to recent studies and reports, the internet has made it easier and cost effective for global firms to share information about and services their products globally. [4]US policy maker are also currently planning to promote free flow of information and limit their trade barriers especially through involving in Trans-Atlantic trade agreements and other WTO negotiations.[5]The policy maker’s aim is to create proper global internet guidelines including free expressions, fair rules and global market and trade neutrality practices.[6]  It is also true that the policy makers recognize the importance of internet towards the promotion of innovation, creativity and competition in the global market place.[7]As a result, the US policy makers have managed to create free flow of information and reduced protectionism policies on the internet use in the country.

In the past, there have been internet censorship policies that reduce internet use in the country. However, due to globalization and the recognition of internet contribution in the global market place, the US policy makers are currently promoting e-commerce policies.[8] The internet contributes a lot towards international trade. For example, global based firms such as Amazon are currently using e-commerce trading practices in order to generate their revenues.  Internet access promotes global sharing of information and allows SMEs to reach wider customers from various countries globally. According to the United States international trade group recent reports, it is clear that the internet and online trading practices form the main factor that contributes to the economic development of the United States. Global companies are currently using the internet to reach both their consumers and producers in various parts of the world. The internet contribution towards entertainment and social network systems can also be underestimated.

Furthermore, recent research studies and publications indicate that free internet and online application has made significant contributions towards wealth generation, trade, innovation, productivity and effective corporate financial performance in the United States.

Conclusion

Therefore, it is clear from this paper that US policy makers are mainly determine towards the development of free flow of online information and reduce online protectionism systems mainly due to the importance of the internet towards global trade and promotion of economic development of the country. Internet freedom promotes development in all sectors of economy in the United States including educational sectors, technological sectors as well as health care and financial based sectors in the country.

Bibliography

Aaronson, Susan. “Why the U.S. and EU are failing to Set Information Free” (July 14, 2014): 2-7.

Retrieved from http://www.voxeu.org/article/why-us-and-eu-are-failing-set-information-free

Data Protection. “Commission Proposes a Comprehensive Reform of the Data Protection Rules” (January 25, 2012): 1

Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/justice/newsroom/data-protection/news/120125_en.htm

United States International Trade Commission. “Digital Trade in the U.S. and Global Economies, Part 1 (July 2013): 43-91.

Retrieved from http://www.usitc.gov/publications/332/pub4415.pdf

Donnan, Shawn. “Digital Trade: Data Protectionism” (August 4, 2014): 3-10.

Retrieved from http://www.ft.com/cms/s/93acdbf4-0e9b-11e4-ae0e-00144feabdc0,Authorised=false.html?_i_location=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.ft.com%2Fcms%2Fs%2F0%2F93acdbf4-0e9b-11e4-ae0e-00144feabdc0.html%3Fsiteedition%3Duk&siteedition=uk&_i_referer=#axzz39ZS7KRhI

Lee-Makiyama, Hosuk. “Protectionism Online: Internet Censorship and International Trade Law” (December 2009)

Retrieved from http://www.ecipe.org/publications/protectionism-online-internet-censorship-and-international-trade-law/

Mackinnon, Rebecca. Internet Freedom Starts at Home: The United States needs to practice what it preaches online”. (April 3, 2012): 5-8.

Retrieved from http://foreignpolicy.com/2012/04/03/internet-freedom-starts-at-home/

Meltzer, Joshua. “Supporting the Internet as a Platform for International Trade: Opportunities for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises and Developing Countries” (February, 2014):  3-41

Retrieved from http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/research/files/papers/2014/02/internet-international-trade-meltzer/02-international-trade-version-2_revised.pdf

United States International Trade Commission. “Digital Trade Growing in the United States and Globally, Says USITC” (August 15, 2013): 1

Retrieved from http://www.usitc.gov/press_room/news_release/2013/er0815ll326.htm

[1] Hosuk Lee-Makiyama, 2009. “Protectionism Online: Internet Censorship and International Trade Law”

[2] United States International Trade Commission. 2013. “Digital Trade Growing in the United States and Globally, Says USITC” 1

[3] Data Protection. 2012. “Commission Proposes a Comprehensive Reform of the Data Protection Rules” 1

[4] Rebecca Mackinnon. 2012. Internet Freedom Starts at Home: The United States needs to practice what it preaches online”. 5-8.

[5] Shawn Donnan. 2014. “Digital Trade: Data Protectionism” 3-10.

[6] Joshua Meltzer. 2014.  “Supporting the Internet as a Platform for International Trade: Opportunities for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises and Developing Countries” 3-41

[7] Susan Aaronson. 2014.  “Why the U.S. and EU are failing to Set Information Free” 2-7.

[8] United States International Trade Commission.  2013.  “Digital Trade in the U.S. and Global Economies, Part 1, 43-91.

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