Lesson Plan

Lesson Plan






Having a plan is a simple but crucial tool in an individual’s life. A plan saves time as it gives a guideline for what is to be done, where is to be executed, by who, when and how. The specification is given by a plan on how events are to be done ae very critical as they help in ambiguities and confusions that are very peculiar to persons who do their activities without a discernible plan.  Having plans for your activities is the best way to becoming a steward of time and a good manager of the same. Different careers and professions have varied reasons for having a plan not only for the office work but also other professional activities.

The teaching profession in particular dwells and stresses on lesson planning. All pedagogies and members of the profession are expected by the rubrics of the teaching career to have a comprehensive plan for every single activity they partake before they execute the same (Swan, 2009, p. 66).A good teaching environment entails a well a comprehensive plan of what the teacher is going to teach. Having a good plan for a lesson helps the teacher to utilize well the time allocated for the teaching. It helps in the content delivery to ensure the students benefit from the experience (Swan, 2009, p. 111).

Technological advancements have helped ease the pressure of designing a lesson plan. Through the application of computer and ICT devices, coming up with a lesson plan has been simplified. Using such gadgets, however, require competence in the network and use of technology brought the machine. Not every individual can well the machines in drafting a lesson plan.

A good lesson plan is segmented into different sections. The sections are unequal time allocation due to the activities involved. The different parts of a lesson plan include; lesson introduction, teaching body otherwise called the content and conclusion of other sub-sections of the plan. The introduction and conclusion are allocated little time compared to the body mainly because the body carries the content and the flesh of the lesson (Swan, 2009, p. 80).

Topic: Analyzing Anthology


  • Definition of anthology
  • Categories of anthology
  • Short Stories
  • Definition of a short story
  • Characters, plot, setting, point of view
  • Applicant of style

The lesson planned for is about an analysis of anthology. The student will be taken through an understanding of what an anthology is. Definition of the anthology is intended to make them differentiate the difference between novels, plays and collection. The three main types of literature. They will then be made to understand that a collection of poems as well that of short stories qualify to be called anthologies.

The lesson will then take the wing of short stories. The short story will be defined and differentiated from a novel. The building blocks of a short story will after that mention and explained and simplified. The students will be given examples to help in understanding the aspects of short stories. The session will be offered for the students to narrate short stories to help them understand this level literature. Lastly, application of style will be discussed (Swan, 2009, p. 30).

Time 10 minutes 40minutes 10minutes
Section Introduction Body Conclusion
I will take the students through a recap of the previous lesson. This will mainly be conducted by asking questions about the last lesson. This makes the student remember the content of the last class hence relating it with the current lesson.  This will take five minutes of the introduction to the new lesson.

The remaining five minutes will be used in introducing the new topic (anthology). A collection of works of literature such as short stories and poems. This lesson will be about an aspect of a group called short stories. A short story refers to a story with few characters and short time frame as compared to novels.

Anthology defined a collection of short forms and poems under one cover. The short story are collected from different authors from various parts of the world. The stories collected share among other factors themes. The thematic approach in most of the short stories collected is about problems that people face in communities such as poor leadership, education, insecurity, gender inequality, poverty, girl child among others.

The story has characters (creations by the author through which actions and events in the story). The second element of a short story is the setting (the environment from where the activities take place). Thirdly, a short story has a plot (the flow of events). There must be a chronological and connections of events. Lastly short stories apply the use of literary styles in writing. Standard techniques used include; simile, metaphors, imagery, personification. Authors are mostly identified by the methods they use.

Students will be given time give narrations of short stories.

(Encounters with Africa) will be used for illustrations.

Revision questions

1. What is an anthology?

2. Differentiate between a short story and a novel.

3. State and explain the elements of a short story.

4. Identify styles used in short stories.

5. Explain the concepts of setting and plot.

This part will display overview of what the lesson was about. The main points of the topics will be highlighted and repeated in a nutshell for the students to understand.

The last section of the lesson will offer time for evaluation of the students’ understanding of the topic and their ability to reflect and display the knowledge learned during the topic.

The students will then be given time to ask questions and seek explanations from the teachers on unclear issues.

Content Description

This section gives an explanation of what will be done or included in the content. The content of the topic will be presented in the following sub-sections

Purpose of the lesson

The primary objective of the election is to introduce the students into an understanding anthology. By the end of the lesson, the students should be able to;

  • Define an anthology
  • Give the categories of anthologies
  • Differentiate a short story from a novel
  • Explain characters as used in literature
  • Give a brief explanation of plot setting and point of view.
  • The students must be able to define style and its application in the works of literature.

An in-depth and rigorous teaching through lesson session will enable the students gain the ability of efficiently responding to the above question with a lot of ease. A teacher-student relationship will be established and maintained during the process to ensure a cordial link matures to enable the students feel free and participate actively in the teaching session (Swan, 2009, p. 23).


The justification of any teaching plan, lesson plan or any other plan is risky since the result after the implementation speaks much about the pros and cons of a topic. The scope of the proposed session is as weighty as the length of time given. The planned is drawn in a manner that if implemented will advantage the students. The plan is students oriented and aimed at imparting knowledge to the students with a view to making students improve their understanding of literature both oral and written (Swan, 2009, p. 87).

Giving the students the time to give narrations of short stories known to them will be a form of using relevant and familiar examples to students. The students will have a deep understanding of this concept since the examples used are known and given by themselves. It is through the use of this line of thought that the objectives of the lesson will be achieved efficiently and in the most comfortable manner (Swan, 2009, p. 45).

Asked to say something about the planned session, I will proudly say that the session is about literature (written literature). It is indeed about one of the three genres of written literature called short stories. In essence, evaluates the students understanding of the concept short stories besides giving a comprehensive coverage and analysis of the genre (Swan, 2009, p. 67).The planned session intends to inform, remind and assure students about the type.

The children’s literature books will also be used as material sources and aids for teaching. To simplify the understanding of the topic, the lesson build up will be from such materials. The students will make taught from what is still blurred. Through simple steps, the students will be introduced and made to know the new concepts. This will make the students feel that the new concepts under study are as pure as the ones already done (Swan, 2009, p. 303).

During the lesson, one of the collections of short stories will be used for illustrations and differentiations. As an aid during the lesson, this anthology will be used in demonstrating the concept of having many short stories written by different authors from different parts of the world (Swan, 2009, p. 90).Encounters with Africa was suitably chosen because it gives illustrations of all aspects of an anthology. “Man Must Live” by Ezekiel Mphahlele will be used as a case study to illustrate the elements of short form such as setting, plot, point of view. This story will be read by the students prior to the lesson to enable them not only identify but also familiarize themselves with the elements of a short story. The short story is rich in the application of styles as well themes that are common in a healthy society hence justification of the book.

Being in a technology prone and ICT era, the two aspects will be made part of the session. The inculcation of technology. The role play and experience in teaching will be displayed to the students electronically. Drawing facts from plays such as “An Enemy of  The People” whose setting is in a Norwegian coast and “The Whale Rider” will make me use my expansive reading experience to enable the students understand concepts such as setting. For instance, the first play has its setting in a town in the zone the coastal cities in Norway. The latter will, however, be used to explain the role of the girl child in the society as one the themes. All these coupled with other resources will enable the students have an understanding of the genre of written literature in question (Swan, 2009, p. 30).

Ethical Consideration

Every profession has sets of codes that control the practice of such profession. Teaching being a profession, it has moral concern for teachers. Having this in mind, I will dress in a manner that respects not only dignity but also the dignity of the students (Swan, 2009, p. 30).The grooming styles will ensure that the students do not over concentrate on me rather than the teaching. The choice of words will also reflect and maintain the teacher-student relationship. The type of language used must obey the instruction codes of conduct and that which portray professionalism in the line of duty (Swan, 2009, p. 60). It through ethical consideration in teaching that professionalism can be nature. The plan is drawn in a manner that give absolute factors to ethics.


Having a proper planning any single activity is the only secret to success. To succeed in any single process in the many processes we engage in, we must have a plan. The teaching profession is specification build on the rock of planning. For teaching to have a lesson worth repeating, he must have a good organization of the content and familiarize himself with the content besides preparing a comprehensive plan for the same. Having a plan without strategies for its implementation is, however, good as nothing. The teacher must follow the lesson plan as drawn to avoid unnecessary confusion during the teaching session. This further helps in time wastage. Lesson planning is very essential in time-saving as it outlines when an activity is to be done and the amount of time dedicated to such an activity. The plan must, therefore, guide the teacher and ensure it is implemented as earlier planned.


Swan, C. (2009). “Teaching Strategies for Literacy for Early Years.” Norwood, SA: Australian             Literacy Educators’ Association Ltd.

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