Unit 460 Provide Complex Sports Massage Techniques for Sports Massage

Unit 460 Provide Complex Sports Massage Techniques for Sports Massage


Institutional Affiliation

Complex Sports Masssage Techniques for Sports


For over the years now, most in the world suffer from both psychological and emotional disorders that are brought on as a result of various challenges that people face in the daily life. Some of the commonly identified disorders include, among others, insomnia, anxiety, chronic pain, and depression and all are caused by prolonged stress. It is clear that any significant amount of stress and pain is neither good nor bad, and this is because they are considered the body’s defense mechanism (Brummitt, 2008, p. 7). However, in a situation where the stressful situation is prolonged, it will in the process results in numerous imbalances, and if this is further prolonged, it will result in disorders. Therefore, there is the need to make use of massage therapy since it has been proven to have a positive effect on an individual’s psychological and emotional state. Massage, therefore, assists the human body in terms of proper healing when it is carried out therapeutically and more professionally. The key objective of this study analysis is to identify the current literature that is related to the sports massage and its vital role in the effecting of the athlete’s psychological readiness. This is aimed to enhance the sports performance, in the recovery from the exercise and the completion and last in the treatment of the sports related various musculoskeletal injuries.

Critically Appraise Research Undertaken On The Use Of Sports Massage

The sports massage has been defined as a collection of techniques of massage that are performed particularly on an athlete or even 5hgose active individuals with the aim of aiding the process of treating and recovery of pathodology. It is considered the most popular treatment choices for, the coaches the sports physical therapists and the athletes (Brummitt, 2008, p. 7). Despite the fact that it has numerous purported advantages and the frequent use, the evidence existing to demonstrate its level of efficacy is very scarce. A scientific experiment was carried out to investigate the effect of the massage therapy on the recipient’s blood pressure.    Approximately 25 students of massage therapy offered the massage treatment to about 150 clients. Further, the techniques employed, and the length of the massage was controlled. The duration of the massage was about 30- 90 minutes. The systematic approach to the analysis of the practice was also carried out. The assessment of the methodological quality was further reported overall, and the potential bias in the massage-specific studies was not easy to be identified and reported. However, it was noted that, in the studies of the acupuncture, the massage, the mobilization, and the spinal manipulation, the quality of these studies was poor. The future investigations in the area of massage therapy should be carried out with the specific athletic populations who will be receiving massages just before they take part in any stressful simulation or even actual competition.

All the evidence available appears to be suggesting that the massage is efficacious for use by those patients with the subacute and the chronic low back pain. Therefore, clinical research and several case reports are required to help guide the physical therapy decision making, especially when rehabilitating the sports injuries (Brummitt, 2008, p. 7). Theoretically, it is evident that an athlete who is undergoing a pre-game anxiety or even stress may be tempted to slightly increase his or her level of risk of sustaining an injury while training or of having what may be termed as a sub-par performance. To eliminate the anecdotal evidence and guesswork, once a relevant publication was identified; two reviewers independently were selected and involved in the evaluation of the methodological quality with the use of the Centre for Evidence Based Medicine (CEBM), which is a critical appraisal tool.

Draw Conclusions On Support For The Use Of Sports Massage

For over the years, massage has been considered one of the most respected forms of medication. Specifically, it was initially held in what may be considered a high value in the ancient cultures of the Japanese and the Chinese and later on it spread across the entire Europe and was extensively applied by most of the Roman and Greeks as one of the form of treatment particular for stiff muscles (Brummitt, 2008, p. 7).

The information and the data provided can be relied upon, and this is because it was retrieved from a reliable source, and its quality checked. The selected study was critically appraised by the use of CEBM critical appraisal tools. Further, the overall quality of scoring of the study to be included ranged from poor to excellent. Therefore, the identified study classified its findings generally into three categories of low back pain as acute, chronic or mixed and further, the acute and the chronic were altogether reported. Additionally, for the purposes of maintaining the standardization and to further keep true to the evidence from the research the following summarizes the findings of the three categories:

The significant effectiveness of the massage therapy for all the acute or the subacute non-specific low back pain among adults, it was found out that, the massage therapy may greatly offer a positive benefit and this is in terms of the reduction of shorter pain and disability in contrast to no treatment. However, this was not the case, especially when compared to the therapy for spinal manipulative and corsets.

The effectiveness of the massage therapy for the chronic and nonspecific low back pain among adults showed that massage therapy could be used since it offers a positive benefit. This will be in terms of pain reduction and even disability in the short run when contrasted to the relation. This evidence, however, was not the case when massage therapy was contrasted with the spinal manipulative therapy. Therefore, it is evident that there is an equivocal evidence of the effectiveness of the massage therapy when it is contrasted with the act of mobilization and the usual care, which entails advice and exercise (Brummitt, 2008, p. 7).

The effectiveness of the massage therapy for the mixed acute, the subacute, and the chronic nonspecific low back pain among adults showed that the massage therapy could provide a positive benefit. This   will be in terms of the reduction in the disability and pain probably in the short term, particularly when contrasted with the placebo and the sham interventions. However, it was identified that this was not the case when the massage therapy was contrasted to the spinal manipulative therapy. Therefore, there exists an equivocal evidence of the effectiveness of the massage therapy when it is contrasted with the acupuncture, relation and even exercise and education. However, there is very little evidence when it comes to the issue of the cost-effectiveness of the massage therapy when contrasted to another form of the standard interventions for the nonspecific low back pain.

The traditional value of massage as a form of medicine as a result of the invention and development of western medicine. In the modern society, massage has been used and considered an alternative to the pharmaceutical. However, there still exist many Skeptics that minimize the number of the numerous benefits of massage to only relaxation and not necessary (Brummitt, 2008, p. 7). However, an increasing number of people in the modern society are beginning to realize what is referred to as the true potential of the therapeutic massage. When the massage is done correctly and regularly by a trained professional, any client will in the process come to the realization of reduced pain, increased mobility, and mind clarity. Further, massage therapy is also a soft tissue manipulation for the purposes of healing. It is evident that massage often promotes the blood and the lymph circulation, restores balance, relieves the pains, and relaxes the muscles. This possible and can further be done by use of several styles and it incorporates different techniques and modalities including, Swedish, therapeutic and the deep tissues.

The Swedish massage has been argued to promote the blood circulation and the relation by use of light touch. Massage has been suggested as in of the treatment modality to the increased blood flow. Several proponents have argued that the local circulatory transformation takes place, and this is as evidenced by numerous changes taking place on the skin temperature and with superficial hyperemia. The studies that measured the clearance of isotope showed that massage had a profound effect on the blood flow. Massage has been argued to have a positive effect on the flexibility, especially as coaches and athletes had argued it. The level of flexibility attained by an individual will reduce the risk of injury and in the process improve performance. Several researchers have been carried out to investigate massage as one of the best strategies to increase the range of emotion. It is clear that the athletes often experience an improvement in the hamstring flexibility and this only after a massage, although these changes tend to appear to be transient. Massage has an effect on the blood pressure of an individual (Brummitt, 2008, p. 7).

The athletes prepare psychologically and even physically before any competition. They, therefore, tend to incorporate certain pre-competition preparation strategies, including, the dynamic stretching, mental imagery, static stretching, the warm up balls, and the game stimulation. A pre-competition massage has therefore been suggested as the best strategy with the aim of minimizing the pre-competition anxiety and further to prepare all the muscles for the competition. A paucity of literatures exists to address the effects of the massage with the aim of trying to reduce the risk of injury (Brummitt, 2008, p. 7). To ensure the validity of this research, those involved in the experiment were trained under the supervision of an examiner hence making the research logical and factual. It is evident that the research had been conducted with good controls because all the necessary equipment used were checked to be appropriate and of standard quality were used and a supervisor who was a training professional conducted further the training.


The research evidence has failed to show how massage has been used to reduce the pain associated with the delayed and onset muscle soreness and enhance the performance in sports and the rehabilitation of the sports injuries. Numerous flaws in the research have challenged some of the existing positive outcomes that were found out. Therefore, all the relevant studies that have been developed and examined the psychological and the physiological effects of the massage therapy are vital. They will thus be used for the purposes of enhancing and improving the ability to develop and even implement the clinically vital evidence-based treatments.


Brummitt, J. (2008). The role of massage in sports performance and rehabilitation: current          evidence and future direction. North American journal of sports physical therapy:         NAJSPT, 3(1), 7.

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