Constructing a literature review

Constructing a Literature Review





Literature Review                                              

There are different interventions that can be applied in the counselling world. The counselling field is merged from three distinct movements. These movements; vocational/career guidance, psychological measurement and personality development play a good part in the everyday growth of human beings. The three distinct fields help wrap up the foundation of the counselling profession. In different parts of the world, psychological measurement as well as personality development form the bulk of the different works and practices in the counselling profession. The field on vocational/career guidance has not been given the attention it deserves. There are few counsellors who give their time to look into issues related to career guidance (Kasomo, 2010). This literature review assesses the different career development interventions that could be used.

According to Herr, there is the link between career and health. Herr discusses how the two correlate noting that high levels of dissatisfaction and uncertainty that is experienced in the career world most of the times results in reasonable high levels of psychological as well as physical distress. It is also worth noting that career plays a bigger part in the daily normal lives that we live. Herr notes out that different health occasions such as interpersonal violence observed in many parts, criminal as well as gang related activities and admissions to psychiatric health facilities are attributed to high levels of unemployment and the frequent occupational dissatisfaction (Kasomo, 2010). Suicides have been on the rise and are mostly attributed to career related issues.

Decision making plays a big role in the career world. According to a poll done by the National Careers Development Association of America, a large percentage (69%) of Americans do not know how to make informed decisions. The decisions are key as to how people will behave in relation to the different careers they are in. Counselling should help the people make these decisions so as to reduce the problems that arise from leaving the career problems unattended. In addition to this, another 39% of the people lack a career plan. This was according to the same survey group. The absence of a career plan means that a person will not keep track of the changes that take place in his career life and that he will not have a goal whereby he keeps track of the developments that have taken place in his career life.

According to an article written by Magnusson on Career Efficacy, the works of research on understanding how the career services are effective has declined. He continues to note that there are different reasons that have been attributed to the same. In his report, he managed to employ both quantitative analysis as well as mixed method designs. The research design that was used employed the pre-test and post-test to the experimental group as well as the control group so as to find out the best findings. The research outlines the need for particular change in how different things are worked out in relation to the career development interventions. Since the goals of the interventions is to be able to help the students who are still in school, there is the need to revise how the same policies would be passed on to the students.

A rich investment in the career development intervention policies on the students means that future problems related to careers will be minimized. There are other researchers who are of the idea that the different levels for career development interventions that occur in the secondary schools should be classified. The classifications allows the tracking of the results and monitor the change involved. According to Dykeman et al, practitioners and researchers find it a rough time to follow the career development interventions that have been administered on the secondary school students. Professional counsellors need to know how the students fair in the interventions so that they may use the data in the process of counselling their clients. According to the research, the development of the taxonomy of the interventions will help in the evolution of the counselling procedures.

There are several aspects of the career development intervention that dictate that people ought to change different aspects in their everyday lives for successful careers. For instance, people should be able to learn different new skills, create rapports with other workers, be able to use technology, acquire different information as well as be able to cope with change (Patton, & McMahon, 2006). The directions given give a guarantee that the cases related to career development will be solved and that counsellors will have easier moments with their clients.

The wake of high levels of education, there have been suggestions to include the career development interventions into different school curriculums. The inclusion of the same would help the students in the decision making processes as well as improved career choices. The development of career interventions is tied to the growth of the career guidance counselling. The counsellors always have rough times in dealing with the same. The main reason of the same is that the interventions cannot be monitored so as to record the changes over time. The career guidance in general helps the professional counsellors know how to deal with the career related problems that arise in the employment world.

However, there are problems that have been documented that are related to the career development interventions. The researchers have written down the different problems that they feel will not put the interventions into full impact. For instance, Magnusson records that the impact of the career interventions remains virtually unknown.


Kasomo, D. W. (2010). Advanced Career Counselling and Development for University Students: Career, Development and Training. Saarbrucken, Germany: LAMBERT Academic Publishing.

Niles, S. G. (2001). Using Super’s Career Development Assessment and Counselling (C-DAC) Model to Link Theory to Practice. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance. doi:10.1023/A:1016981000319

Niles, S. G. (2001). Using Super’s Career Development Assessment and Counselling (C-DAC) Model to Link Theory to Practice. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance. doi:10.1023/A:1016981000319

Patton, W., & McMahon, M. (2006). Career Development and Systems Theory: Connecting Theory and Practice. Career Development Series. Sense Publishers.

Walsh, W. B. (2001). Career counseling for African Americans. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.


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