Nurse to Patient Ration and Its Effect on Patient Care



As a result of low number of nurses in comparison to the number of patients, they are subjected to a lot of workload. It further results in some patients leaving the hospital while they have not been fully treated. When the patient returns back to the hospital for the second time, they are fully suppressed with their illness more as compared to the first time. Most of them lack completely hope of getting any better because of how the attendance is low and slow When the nurses have got a lesser number of patients, they will get to unify medicinal services. After that, patients are more willing to figure out how to control their diseases when given clear instruction on how to take their medication. This is only for them to avoid extra ailment or maybe harm or maybe realize when to discover backing. When the therapeutic staff has got a lesser number of patients numerous individuals are more likely to take and turn away botches. Subsequently, a lesser number of patients will pass away. According my research, it is evidenced that less nurses lend to higher workload and as a results in attention from caring is low and poorly delivered (Nightingale, 2011).

Evidence–based intervention


Fewer nurses’ leads to poor patient care, there the first intervention will by adding or staffing more nurses. It can be done through an act of legislation. In India, for example, the ratio was changed from 2:1 to 1:5. This has brought a lot of change in the medical sector. In India, one patient is entitled to five nurses. The patient is well educated on his or her medication by difference personnel. The nurses also have much time with their patient and hence, they can study their weakness and strengths (James, 2012).

Secondly, adequate staffing can be achieved through good investment in the medical sector by the government. Research from the National Association of Nurses (NAN), clearly indicate that many young people shy away from taking nursing as the professional because they are poorly paid. Additionally, they are less equipped with the necessary tools to perform their workload effectively. If the government waives and changes this problem, a permanent change will be seen. More people of the young generation will have the feelings of wanting to become the nurse. This will increase the nurses’ ratio and, as a result, the patient care will improve too.

Last but not least, is by increasing the nurses pay roles and setting up a program like caring department whereby they spend adequate time with their patient rather than working on paperwork. Through this, a patient is able to be educated on his or her treatment program. Those patients undergoing through different therapy will be able to get hope and closer people to talk which while undergoing medication.

Databases used in this research


The excellent most of publications tend to be picked regarding MEDLINE using the professional recommendation of the Literature Selection Technical Review (LSTR). Some more journals and newsletters are chosen based on reviews and what they talk about. Due to it broadness and richness in journals and newsletters, one should be much specified in searching of information in MEDLINE database. Using terms like, “the effect of fewer nurses in relation to patient care” will help more in getting more information in this literature

Evidence found in the literature


From the research, it is true that short nurse staffing increases patient mortality, nursing dissatisfaction, and nursing burnout. Moreover, direct care of the nurse to the patient reduces the health complication and hospitalizations for nursing home patients. This evidence clearly shows that it is very important to have a quality patient care. It also brings out the fact that adequate staffed nurses with a good term of administration backup and good relations have more satisfied patients (Ireland & Ireland, 2010).

PICOT question


How does the nurse-to-patient ratio, in regards to adequate staffing in comparison to not staffing enough, affects patients care and increase quality patient care in a one-year time frame.



































Ireland., & Ireland. (2010). Inspection report: Designated centres for older people : St.

Conlon’s Community Nursing Unit. Dublin?: HIQA : SSI.

James, P. D. (2012). The private patient. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

Nightingale, F. (2011). Notes on patient and nursing: What it is, and what it is not.

Philadelphia: Lippincott.

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