Environmental Issues 1
Running Head: ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES MAP OF NORTHAMPTONSHIRE ROADS
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The Map of Northamptonshire roads
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The major roads in the map have been marked using a thick blue line to show their importance in the map. The M1 highway can be seen clearly cutting across the map as it transverses Northamptonshire. The highway itself splits into other minor roads in the area. The road splits into smaller roads such as the A14, A45, and the A508. These roads are highlighted by the green and yellow as shown in the existing map (SHEEHAN 2015). The roads cut across the whole area from the main M1 road on the map. There are two types of these roads, each being slightly different from the other.
The major roads are conjoined with other smaller feeder roads on the map. These roads are marked in red such as the A5199, A4500, and A361 or black. The roads are spread all over the area and are interconnected with each her. The roads however, do not join with the major road networks directly. The roads, are linked with major highways with city roads such as the A14 and the A45 (HEALY & NIKOLOV 2006). These minor roads can either be tarmac or all weather roads depending on the situation on the ground.
The roads are clearly labelled to denote one from another. The map gives an accurate representation of the road network and the names of each road. Important junctions and checkpoints have been numbered to illustrate their functions in the area. The map does not show existing bridges in the area as this is not of much importance in the area. There are much smaller feeder roads marked in yellow, but these are scattered in a few places all over the map.
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Map of trees, footpath and the River the Thames
The map of the area has several details included in it. The area has numerous buildings in the vicinity which cover a large portion of the map. There is also extensive park area in the map.
The park has several footpaths that crisscross it. The map denotes these paths using dotted lines. The dotted lines are either in red color or black. There are larger footpaths in the area shown by two black parallel lines cutting across the parks. These footpaths are joined at various locations. The map shows points that it connects with the major roads that are within the Kingston upon
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The river Thames is shown on the map as it cuts across Teddington and Kingston upon Thames. The river is shown in blue with a dotted and segmented line in the middle of it. The river Thames has certain points with docks where boats and ferries can dock. There is a weir at the top of the map in the river that regulates flow and controls flooding. The river Thames has been labelled on the map for easier identification.
The vegetation in the map is found in the park area. The Hampton Court Park has vegetation comprised of grass and a few scattered trees in the map. The trees have been highlighted using a simple green figure in the shape of a tree. The trees are mostly congregated in the same place in the map (KENNEDY 2013). The trees can be found in the south eastern and north-western areas of the map. There are a few trees lining the min A308 road before the bridge crossing the river Thames. The south, however, has fewer trees than the north of the map.
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The Physical Map of Kenya
The country has numerous of physical features that make it stand out. The map shows altitude using colour shading. The low altitude areas have a lighter shade of brown while high areas have a darker shade (ORMSBY 2004). There are several towns on the central, eastern and western boundaries of the country. Some of the major towns include Nakuru, Nyeri, Eldoret, Kisumu, Bungoma and Thika among others. There are also several towns along the coastal line namely, lamu, Malindi, Mombasa, Kilifi and Kwale. They represent the counties in that region.
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The country has several forests as shown on the map. The largest forest cover can be seen to be located at the western parts and central part of the country. Some of the towns neighbouring these forests include Kitale, Eldoret, Chuka and Nakuru. There are other small forests as shown in the map located in the areas around Njoro and Kilgoris. The forests are labelled with colour green, which is symbolic to the green flora and fauna in any environment. (TOMS, SALDANHA, & SHETTY 2015).
Despite the several towns in the country as shown, there is only one major city which is
Nairobi, located at the south western part of the country. There are other two cities in the country which are Kisumu and Mombasa. These towns are interconnected by a set of road networks running across the country. The map shows the administrative boundaries of the country together with its major towns.
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Choropleth Map on Unemployment in Greater London County
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Environmental Issues 10
The map of London shows unemployed males who are of the 16 to 74. The data looks at males who are economically viable to earn a living. The county of London has been divided into the respectful wards. The unemployment rates have been highlighted using shades of dark blue. The areas of high unemployment have very dark shades of blue (BURKE 2003). The map has very few areas with high numbers of unemployment. The wards show how unemployment is spread throughout the county. There are few wards of high unemployment in the southern region.
The areas of high unemployment appear to be close to each other. These areas are therefore affected by the same challenges due to proximity to each other. The north and the east are the most affected in the county. The areas that have a normal shade of blue indicate average unemployment rates for males who are of working age. The areas are found scattered all over the map.
The lighter shades of blue show places of minimal unemployment for the given age bracket of 16-74. The central area of the county has a high number of wards having such low rates of unemployment. The shade indicates that very few people are unemployed in such areas of the map. These places of low unemployment are very close to each other in the maps. Nevertheless, nearly the whole county has some levels of unemployment existing in different areas scattered all over.
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AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CIVIL ENGINEERS, AMERICAN CONGRESS ON
SURVEYING AND MAPPING, & AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR PHOTOGRAMMETRY AND
REMOTE SENSING. (1994). Glossary of the mapping sciences. New York, NY, American Society of Civil Engineers. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/api/volumes/oclc/30893371.html.
BURKE, R. (2003). Getting to know ArcObjects: programming ArcGIS with VBA for ESRI, ArcView, ArcEditor, and ArcInfo. Redlands, Calif, ESRI Press.
ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS RESEARCH INSTITUTE (REDLANDS, CALIF.). (2004).
[ArcGIS 9 documentation]. Redlands, CA, ESRI.
HEALY, P., & NIKOLOV, N. S. (2006). Graph drawing 13th international symposium, GD 2005, Limerick, Ireland, September 12-14, 2005 : revised papers. Berlin [etc.], Springer.
KENNEDY, M. (2013). Introducing geographic information systems with ArcGIS: a workbook approach to learning GIS. http://www.123library.org/book_details/?id=96824.
ORMSBY, T. (2004). Getting to know ArcGIS desktop: basics of ArcView, ArcEditor, and ArcInfo. Redlands, Calif, ESRI Press.
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SHEEHAN, M. (2015). Developing mobile web ArcGIS applications: learn to build your own engaging and immersive geographic applications with ArcGIS. http://proquest.safaribooksonline.com/?fpi=9781784395797.
TOMS, S., SALDANHA, A., & SHETTY, A. (2015). ArcPy and ArcGIS, geospatial analysis with python: use the ArcPy module to automate the analysis and mapping of geospatial data in
TORPIE, K. (2009). Drawing maps. New York, NY, Crabtree Pub.
UNESCO, & INCAFO. (1996). World heritage review. Madrid, INCAFO, Archivo fotografico.
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Environmental Issues 1