History Reading Comprehension
Changes that took place in American politics in the first decades of the nineteenth century include the transformation from deference politics to a more democratic form. The early 1800s saw an increase in voter base due to the inclusion of minority groups voting rights. The revolution in American politics in the early nineteenth century was a result of vote expansion such that minority and racially discriminated groups could vote. Also, the American citizens felt that the government needed to be more responsive to their needs after a period of consistent economic growth. The highly controversial 1824 election also participated in fueling these changes, as well as contributing to the emergence of mass political parties.
Jackson removed from office a large number of people he considered to be affiliates of the former administration. He, however, became a victim of the same spoils system he condemned. Alongside this error, Jackson’s handling of the nullification crisis, the national bank, implementing of the Indian removal, and the panic of 1837 were erratic as well. This culminates to the fact that Jackson viewed federal power as a source of personal gratifications of the aspirations he had but did not consider the nation’s view.
The second two-party system in America developed after the contentious 1824 election that was won by John Quincy Adams. In this election, the only party in existence was the Democratic-Republican Party. Clay’s support for Adams in the 1824 presidential elections and subsequent appointment of the former as the secretary of state made Jackson and his supporters cry foul on a corrupt bargain deal. This caused a split with Jackson on one side and Clay and Adams on the other. Jackson’s supporters called themselves the “Jacksonians” while Clay and Adams’s supporters adopted the name “Whigs”.
Mashaw, J. L. (2008). Administration and” The Democracy”: Administrative Law from Jackson to Lincoln, 1829-1861. The Yale Law Journal, 1568-1693.