According to Yeung (2015), outdoor recreation is leisure pursuits engaged in, in the natural or semi-natural settings out of town or in the outdoors. It can also involve team sporting or gaming undertaken in the outdoors. When the recreation entails excitement, risk or physical challenge such as climbing, it is referred to as adventure recreation. Pleasure appreciation, social and cultural rewards are the central points of focus in adventure recreation (Human Kinetics (Organization) 2013). Goal oriented adventure recreation are predominantly physical such as water sporting and horse riding. Building physical health, social ties, enhancing skills and achieving excitement are some of the rewards of adventure recreation management. Another reward may be the enhancement of spiritual life and the discovery of an individual’s potentials through interaction with different geographical and social settings. These are entrenched in the intrinsic value of nature that may only be experienced during pleasurable appreciations. Need for education and seeking for peace are also some of the reasons for recreation adventure. Now adventure recreation management simply involves the management of all the activities about the adventure recreation to the accompaniment of observing legal, ethical, safety and social standards (Yeung 2015).
With regard to the legal standards required of adventure recreation programs, recreation professionals, students and practitioners in the field should be provided with a sound legal body that can help them manage the activities involved (Human Kinetics (Organization), 2013). Legal standards and liabilities are attached to the recreational events and places owing to potential risks that may be occasioned. Physical risks may be accident and injuries; financial risks may be a loss of property and potential income while psychological risks relate to mental health and the general well-being. The law intervenes by setting standards of care to prohibit recreational activities that may contribute to the above-named risks. In the same note, the law stipulates various remedies like compensation, reparation and injunctions for the benefit of the injured parties in the recreation. Finally, participants should conform to the legal standards of the receiving states (Yeung 2015).
According to Human Kinetics (Organization) (2013), recreation managers should implement safety management plans to allow recreational activities enjoyable and manageable. Safety managers should have a policy of warning people of all hazards pertinent to the particular recreational activity. They should provide notices to those involved in the activities to prevent possible harms. However, they should avoid a large number of warning signs and notices as dangers lose their relevance and can be perceived as the mere volume of information. Science has it that more than five warning notices in the same location can be easily ignored. Recreational managers should not dwell on obvious notices as participants may translate the same in dangerous places. Instead, they should give warnings for fire regulations hidden hazards, and these are very important for a good recreational experience. A safety management program designed for serving the interests of the public should conform to ethical standards (Yeung 2015).
Recreational managers should focus on what Human Kinetics (Organization) (2013) suggests as programs that benefit visitors and participants. All participants and visitors should adhere to the moral principles, rules and regulations that govern the entire adventure. As such, they should respect and not to interfere with the norms of the receiving natives. In the same vein, they should refrain from importing their unethical behaviors into the receiving state. On different note, in the case of an accident; for example, there is no legal obligation to help the injured but it is good ethical practice to assist them. Finally, the nature of the recreational activity should be ethically friendly in the sense that it does not compromise participants’ peace or constitute gross immorality (Yeung 2015).
Human Kinetics (Organization). (2013). Introduction to recreation and leisure. Human Kinetics: Champaign, IL.
Yeung, J. (2015). Guest speaker video – MP3 Download, Play, Listen Songs – 4shared – Jason Yeung. Retrieved 29 October 2015, from http://www.4shared.com/mp3/iMxHKnDbba/Guest_speaker_video.html