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Solar energy: the solution to energy shortages and crisis.

The current debate concerning environmental conservation goes a long mile into requesting for a sincere and concerned approach towards putting in place modalities that will allow for environmental friendly sources of power. A case in point relates to the use of solar energy with the aim of alleviating any case of an energy crisis. The research was done in the field of solar energy warrants that this is more sustainable source than most of the fossil fuel based energy sources. Solar power can be the solution for the ailing energy sector.

Energy is a vital factor in the development and growth of any economy. In the case of developing nations, energy is vital to the establishment of industries, running of operations in businesses and even creating direct and indirect jobs. Research indicates that the standard of living for any country largely lies in the capability of the country to generate energy and convert this energy into numerous beneficial uses for the benefit of the citizens. Apart from the numerous environmental benefits solar energy seems to be the best solution to the energy crisis hitting many nations that have the reliance on fossil fuels and non-renewable energy.

There are numerous advantages that arise from the harnessing and use of solar power in solving energy challenges. Solar energy is available freely from the sun. The cost element involved in other sources of energy lays a considerable challenge to the long-term running of the system based on these sources of energy. The cost of solar energy is largely limited because the resource itself is renewable. Statistics reports that the rate at which other non-renewable resources are getting depleted is so high that there needs to be a quick alternative to solve this challenge out. Solar energy forms a considerable bulk of the solution to this quagmire because it cannot be depleted. This position means that users of solar energy are well able to handle much more users using little investments in the line of energy. This point goes a considerable mile in establishing the fact that solar energy is highly sustainable. Despite the level of use, there is no point at which solar energy will become depleted.

The environmental cost of solar energy is almost zero. Solar energy does not ignite negative environmental effects as other non-renewable sources of energy. Consider the case of oil. Oil based fuels emit carbon gases to the atmosphere and thereby impact purity of the atmosphere. Solar energy is clean energy and renewable. The usage of solar energy on a large scale would be a major boost to environmental conservation hence fewer costs. Research indicates that the only environmental challenges that come to the environment result from the assembly of the solar cells in the factory. Solar energy is a major frontier that can allow environmental conservation.

There exists a major benefit that comes with the capability of solar power to handle energy challenges existing in remote areas. Most remote areas have the infrastructure problem that makes it hard to make physical connections to the electricity grid. This capability to power remote areas enables solar power to be a better option for installations that are located far away from the cities and other areas. Another advantageous point that comes with deploying solar power in remote areas relates to the affordable costs as compared to laying copper transmission cable from the national grid to the remote locations.

The rate of research and innovation in the field of solar energy has necessitated solutions that are capable of harvesting solar energy such that cloudy days still manage to bring in solar energy for use.  In cases where long winter seasons occur and shorter durations of sunlight, current technology can still harvest vast amounts of energy for use.

Another vital advantage that comes with solar power relates to the low maintenance scenarios required. Solar power equipment makes use of non-moving parts such that the result of the equipment is durable and low maintenance items. For instance, research indicates that solar power equipment lasts for between 20 to 25 years before they are maintained. This means that the initial investment is the only point at which investments into solar are done, and after that the users continually harvest the power without the requirement of frequently changing parts or buying new ones.

Despite the many benefits and advantages that come with the use of solar energy to alleviate the energy crisis issues, there are some downsides that accompany solar energy. For instance, solar energy production is only done during the day. This means that compared to a hydro-power plant that runs for 24 hours in a single day, the amount of energy generated is considerably less in the solar energy case. This phenomenon is also affected considerably by the climatic conditions that prevail in the area where the energy is used. With this basis, it is clear that solar energy needs a backup solution that would enable the use of the energy when the sun is not out.

Solar cells deployed in diverse conditions may have differing levels of energy efficiency such that little energy may be harvested in areas that have massive environmental pollution. In areas that have high air pollution levels, the amount of solar rays reaching the solar cells is largely diminished to the point that the efficiency may be very much affected.

Another down side concerning solar energy relates to the amount of space required for harvesting considerably huge amounts of energy. In cities where there is little land to be used for the setting up of the solar equipment, the use of solar energy may be challenging. In the commercial building, tenants may find it challenging to set up equipment in building where they are running leases. This availability of space largely impacts on the amounts of energy that can be collected. Despite this challenge, solar energy is capable of solving energy challenges especially in tropical cities that have long hours of sunshine.

A major question that arises whenever power and energy are mentioned relates to the capability to store energy. This aspect of solar energy is both a plus and a minus. With solar energy’s capability for storage, users can continue receiving the service even when times of low sunlight hours come. This aspect means that users can continuously use power to the point that there is a seamless transition between the harvesting and the usage time. The downside of this aspect of solar energy comes in the form of the cost element involved in running solar energy storage. The cost of the batteries involved is high, and this makes most people to fear to invest in solar energy.



Works Cited

Bank, Asian Development.Potential for the Greater Mekong Subregion in Renewable Energy Developments. Asian Development Bank, 2015.

Kalogirou, Soteris A. Solar Energy Engineering: Processes and Systems. Academic Press, 2013.

Mahaney, Ian F. Solar Energy. Rosen Publishing Group, 2007.

Patel, Mukund R.  Solar and WindPower Systems: Analysis, Design and Operation, Second Edition. CRC Press, 2005.

Sukhatme. Solar Energy: Principles of Thermal Storage and Collection. Tata McGraw-Hill Education, 2008.






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