Climate Change







Climate Change


Institutional Affiliation
Climate Change


Climatic change has become the most important aspects uniting the world today. This is because the world has already started seeing the effects in terms of global warming. Global warming is being taken as one of the effects of climate change that the world will be dealing with in the future if nothing is done, and done fast. Global warming is destructive in the sense that it has varying effects in various counties. There are some regions in the world that will start experiencing a raised water level as more ice melts into the sea; others will experience prolonged droughts, while others will experience heavy rainfall that will go a long way in reducing the amount of food available in the world. These are the reasons intergovernmental organizations such as the United Nations (UN) and International Monetary Fund (IMF)  are coming up with policies that are meant to bring a change to the current situation.International Monetary Fund (IMF) sponsorsthe projects across Africa that are meant to reduce the effects of climatic change (The Economist, 2015). The question that arises is whether these policies are effective in any way (Jordan, 2012, p. 125). It has been found that one of the main challenges of getting a solution to climate change is the tug of war that exists between the developed nations and the developing nation. The two do not seem to agree on the best course of action that should be adopted in order to save the world from climate change. In this essay, some of the obstacles that the world has faced in coming up with a comprehensive solution to climatic change in the recent past are discussed.

Carbon emission has been identified as one of the causes of climate change. This is due to carbon being one of the components that are found in the gases that deplete the Ozone and cause global warming. For this reason, players in the climate sector have suggested that cutting the amount of carbon that economic activities send into the atmosphere is one of the things that the world should embark on. What does this mean to the developing nations? It should be noted that the developed nations are the ones responsible for the increased amount of carbon found in the atmosphere owing to the many years of industrialization experienced by these nations (Paehlke, 2000, p. 171). One of the suggestions has been that the world should embark on a way to make sure the carbon emitted is stored in natural forests across the globe. This implies that the developing nations should embark on planting trees where the trees have been cut, although the funds to cater for that should come from the developed nations (Jordan, 2012,  p. 147).

A program like REDD+ (the Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation), that was designed by the UN to cater for the amount of carbon in the atmosphere has found itself under a lot of scrutiny as most of the nations across the globe have  rejected its call. Another issue is the fact that in many developing countries, their forests are home for indigenous people and/or minority groups. These are found in Asia, Africa and South America, but none is found in America and Europe. Venturing into such an idea would mean that the lives of these people will largely be affected in one way or another, which is a violation of their rights. This is one of the reasons the developed and the developing nations do not seem to come to an agreement on the best  action that should be adopted in that regard (Dodman,  Bicknell & Satterthwaite, 2012,  p. 320).

The other obstacle to having a comprehensive policy on the effect of climate change is the industrialization of the developing world. This comes as the result of the increased energy need that is accompanied by the industrialization of these nations leading to increasing carbon emissions. Since these nations are developing, it is hard for them to exploit the green sources of energy as it is expensive to exploit, initially owing to the high initial capital. This means that they are left with limited resources. The economic growth of these nations can only be realized if they use the cheap sources of energy. This implies that fossil fuels such as petroleum is the only option that these nations have as they move towards industrialization. The implication here is that the amount of carbon released into the atmosphere from developing nations is increasing in a period when most of the players in climate change management are campaigning against the use of energy sources that pollute the environment. For example, the UN is highly determined under it’s REDD + program that the world climate change will reduce if nations start storing the carbon in forests (Paehlke, 2000, p. 173). This means that the developing nations will continuously see the move to cut down the amount of carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere as a way to make sure they do not access economic growth. They feel as if they are being made to pay for what the western developed nations did in the past.  This comes especially because the payments for the sake of forest conservation across the globe are made by all the nations that are not on the high risk list (Carter, Drury & Scott, 2014, p. 311).

The other obstacle is the blame game that is formed between the vulnerable developing nations and the developed nations. Some of the developing nations believe that since it was the developing nations who brought the issue of the global warming and climate change, then they should be the ones who cater for the challenge and should not involve the developing nations in any way. This goes a long way in creating an ill feeling that divides the world instead of tackling the issue as if it is something that just came and has not been cultivated by anyone in the past. Instead of this, the two groups of nations are in a stalemate over the right course of action that should be taken in order to achieve the best results. This is connected to the fact that the global governance institutions such as the UN have adopted a concept of being consensus driven forums where it is hard to make any decisions (Lofsted, 2014, p. 45). Even when a decision is made, it becomes hard to implement the decision owing to lack go the right avenues where the UN can ensure that all the nations implement the said policies. This means that the success of these policies depends on the willingness of individual nations to implement the policies. Some countries would agree to the forum, but fail to implement the said policies (Lofsted, 2014, p. 55).

The implication of climate change in a nation’s state economy and lack of advanced energy technologies is also one of the obstacles that prevent the word from coming up with a comprehensive approach. One of the notables is the fact that the majority of the world economy today largely depends on energy sources, as well as manufacturing techniques. This is what has been found to be the cause of the climatic change as it involves the release of greenhouse gases. This means that touching on the issue of carbon dioxide in the world does not only hurt the economies of the most developed nations, but also the developing nations may not have a chance of developing  above where they are (Mitchell, Carter, Jones, Hulme & New, 2004, p. 164). The developing nations do not have the cost effective access to advanced technologies in energy, implying that the world cannot agree in unison on the best approach to be used. There is also the fear that taking a carbon approach; an approach to reduce carbon emissions into the atmosphere, means that other gases are not considered harmful despite having a considerable contribution to climate change.


It is clear from the analysis above that the world may not see a comprehensive approach and resolution to climate change in the near future. This is because of the various ideas of ill feeling between the nations that are developed and the ones developing. The idea is that the developed nations feel as if they are punished when the policy is against their practices. The developing nations also feel as if they are punished for nothing when the decision is made against them. This is because the developing nations view the developed nations as the ones who have caused global warming. This is as a result of increased industrialization in the developed regions. The essay highlights some of the challenges that are faced by the world as it tries to come up with comprehensive policies that can be used to deal with the issue of climate change. One of the challenges that became evident is the issue of economic disparities between the various countries based on their levels of industrialization. Developing nations feel that policies developed towards cutting down carbon emissions are meant to prevent them from achieving their goals in terms of industrialization.














Carter, R., Drury, A. & Scott, J. (2014). IR. Belmont, Calif. Andover: Wadsworth Cengage Learning distributor.

Dodman, D., Bicknell, J., & Satterthwaite, D. (Eds.). (2012). Adapting Cities to Climate Change: Understanding and addressing the development challenges. London: Routledge.

Jordan, A. (2012). Environmental policy in the European Union: actors, institutions, and processes. London: Earthscan.

Lofsted, R. E. (2014). Cases in Climate Change Policy: Political Reality in the European Union. London: Routledge.

Mitchell, T. D., Carter, T. R., Jones, P. D., Hulme, M., & New, M. (2004). A comprehensive set of high-resolution grids of monthly climate for Europe and the globe: the observed record (1901–2000) and 16 scenarios (2001–2100). Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research Working Paper, 55(0).

Paehlke, R. (2000). Environmentalism in one country: Canadian environmental policy in an era of globalization. Policy Studies Journal, 28(1), 160-175.

The Economist. (2015, March 13). The IMF in Africa: Going Green. Retrieved April 27, 2015, from



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