Toronto Ethnic Riot





Toronto Ethnic Riot

The case depicts the history of the immigrant ethnic divide among the immigrants who supported the Catholics and the others who supported the Protestants. It reveals the hatred among the settlers who defended the Catholic religion but were a minority in the area at that time. The history of Britain North America indicates that in the 19th century a large number of immigrants came to British  North America, from Scotland, Ireland and England (Gerber& David 2). About half of the immigrants were English people but by the 1830s after the feminine had struck their country Irish immigrants became more than the English immigrants (Miller& Kerby 2).  Immigrants from the Scotland and Ireland were both Protestants and Catholics. However, Catholic became a substantial minority in all the English – Speaking colonies.

The case indicates that those who were put in the custody and appearing in the bar were Catholics.  In the story, the protest happened on a Sunday. That day all Protestant in the region were celebrating the William of Orange victory that is termed as a Protestant victory over the Catholics. The battle had ended in 1691 after the defeat of James II (Ogg &David 1). James II of England had earlier repealed many closes of the anti- Catholic registration that undermined the Protestant. Moreover, he allowed Catholics into Irish Parliament (Wheeler & Michael 8). The turn of events had made Protestant feel oppressed, but they had nothing to do about it. Henceforth after the defeat of the king by William of Orange aided by the Dutch was a great event to the Protestants. The Protestants in British North American used to celebrate the events as most of them were immigrants from Ireland, which was the location of the greatest victory of Protestant. Additionally, in the Toronto ethnic protest case, one can point out that people carried oranges during that day.  William Mulholland revealed that he had oranges lily in his bosom indicating that the Protestant had carried oranges on the commemoration day of their victory by the king of Irish. The oranges symbolized William of Orange.

In addition witness, William Mulholland says that he had some of the men that were rescuing the man in custody shout to each other that they should hold d-d oranges. As he speaks, he says presumably it meant damned oranges bugger meaning the condemned by God oranges bugger. This reveal to us that the must have been Catholics that why they resented anything related to orange as it symbolized the orange kingdom and the victory of Protestant overall by the William of Orange. Furthermore, during the reign of King William was associated with homosexuality by some of his rivals. He had a number of male colleagues that were very close to him including the two Dutch courtiers that referred him as Hans Willem Bentinck and Arnold Joost Van Keppel (Ogg &David 2). Homosexuality in Christianity was viewed as something condemned by God. Henceforth the by shouting damned orange bugger was a vulgar language that was aimed at abusing the William of Orange and the Protestant overall. It meant that the Protestants were not supposed to commemorate such a person particularly on a Sunday given that God condemned him because of his homosexuality acts.

In summary, the case, in general, depicts the environment of the British North America after the immigration. In addition, because the most of the group that migrated to the area were from the England kingdoms, protestant outnumbered the Catholics.


Works Cited

Ogg, David. “England in the Reigns of James II and William III.” (1969).

Gerber, David A. Authors of their lives: the personal correspondence of British immigrants to North America in the nineteenth century. NYU Press, 2008.

Miller, Kerby A. Emigrants and exiles: Ireland and the Irish exodus to North America. Oxford Paperbacks, 1988.

“Immigration And Settlement – Expansion – British North America: 1763-1841 – History – Canada – North America: Lord Selkirk, Canada Farm, America 1763, Fur Trade, Quebec City.” N.p., 2016. Web. 15 Mar. 2016.

Wheeler, Michael. The old enemies: Catholic and Protestant in nineteenth-century English culture. Cambridge University Press, 2006.


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