The Canadian labor movement went through several stages during its development in order for it to be accepted by the political sector of the economy. Workers finally had their say in the economy, and the union membership became critical in the information provision during the unions’ development. The author’s work was focused on the evolution of the labor unions within Canada by evaluating the political contributions towards achieving the objective and the role played by the external unions in strengthening the movements.This paper analyzes the different aspects of Eugene’s work in the Canadian labor movement by critically analyzing the paper.
Throughout his work, the author tries to create the sense of the importance of having a stable union by highlighting the importance of the unions in fighting for the welfare of the laborers. He considers the roles played by other external unions in stabilizing the Canadian union as well as looking at the different unions formed by the small working groups within Canada. He brings out the aspect that all the good things that were expected by the workers could not be achieved on a safer way, but through struggles and support from other people.
The article addresses the historical questions of why the labor unions were important as well as how the labor unions especially in Canada came to being during the early 1800s to early 1900s among the workers. The source brings the picture of importance of combining efforts in realizing the strength of a union. The fact that all the small working groups were forming their own labor unions provided the room for weakening the major unions. The work also creates the picture of the role that external similar ideological unions can play in strengthening the unions in a broader perspective. It creates the responsibility of a legislative union constitution to guide the movement actions as well as create the mind of responsibility to the members and the protection to be awarded to all adherents for their actions.
Social history has been expressed in the author’s work through evaluation of the different aspects of organizational structure and the composition of the different units of unions within the country and the external States. The Canadian union structure is addressed through the reality indication of the leaders and the members, and the procedure for the formation was stipulated in the constitutions. It indicated the composition, the members of the union as well as showing the variation of the structure throughout the increase in popularity. In addition, it stipulated the rules and change in members by the years. It indicates the structural challenges of the unions, which showed the life span of the unions with some having short life span due to the poor structuring. The composition of different unions indicates the variation in the strength of the unions with only a large composition proving to be strong in fighting for their members. The influence of the international unions in Canada changed the structure of the Canadian unions through shifting of the structural control to the central State control (Eugene 17). The challenge resulted in the formation of different branches within the country with different organizational structures, but centrally controlled. The legislation process created the room for the amendment of the laws, development, and working principles for composition and protection.
In the important parts of his arguments, the author first focuses on the different composition of the unions due to the effect of the international involvement. The British involvement in the Canadian unions brought changes, which the author indicates in the writings. He also brought forward the compositional variation on the unions by other different countries and group involvement. In the composition of the unions, the author looks at the impressions the new composition brought to the unions, the challenges as well as the problems they created to members.
Secondly, the author brings the argument on the economic situation of the county during the revolution of labor unions. This has been shown by the writer’s indication of the economic relations and the unions’ movement actions on the development of the industrial sectors. The author shows the effirts of the working groups from small scale to the large scale working groups. He indicates the variations in the economic position of the country before and after the stable union movements.
Thirdly, the author brings into account the argument for the revival of the trade and the labor unions from all aspects of the local and national level. The room was created for skilled and unskilled labor with no disparity in the formation. The protection of the organizational groups was provided, which was a win for the organizations. The revival ensured new legislations with the provision of the new looking conditions of work, ensuring the revival of the already failing unions (Eugene 18). Despite the revival aspects, the author indicates that some of the unions ended up collapsing during the revival period. The actions also led to the unity of some different unions from different countries. Despite the benefits of these unions, the rivalry began between them, which was as a result of the reduction in the resources that could be used to run the organization. Some minor differences in ideological understanding of some aspects of the unions’ actions also brought the challenges.
Fourthly, the author brings out the argument on the aims of the movements as well as the methods used by the organizations. He argues that the aims were the guiding principles for the unions during the fight for the union achievements. He creates the tension in the minds of the workers and the union leaders especially concerning the aspects that were critical for the movement’s success. He gives the guidelines for the new coming unions to ensure a systematic follower of the methods and aims in order to achieve the objective of the unions (Eugene 9).
The author majorly uses primary sources of information in bringing out his arguments. Though he suggests further readings for the readers, he does not sufficiently provide enough reading materials within the context to provide proper argument on his ideas. The sources are majorly from the experience attained during his work and stay as well as political position arguments. Despite the reduced use of secondary sources, he expresses confidence in his arguments with facts being brought out. His work is more of the initial publication on his concept of argument, which indicates the aspects of his primary thinking and findings.
The author successfully supports his arguments through the provision of the related articles towards his actions. However, the author does not provide secondary sources, which shows the originality of his work. This is an indication of anobserved and correctly maintained arguments from experience. The argument of the author convinces me especially on the way he supports his arguments on the issues he brings forward from the primary source aspects. The fact that he provides further readings is an indication of the surety with his work, which convinces me further on his argumentative support of the issues brought forward.
The information provided is well structured, managed and valid to support and drive away all the doubts that can be raised concerning the article. The source only raises question of the chronological arrangement of events as individual actions and findings can be mismatched. However, the author organizes them in a way that they show chronological order. I support fully all the arguments adequately since they are well defended. There can never be any perfect provision of the information, but a good percentage of perfection is possible, indicating the reality of the information provided. The author provides a big percentage of clarity and support of the arguments, qualifying it to be a reliable and well-structured source that calls for full support.
The paper has indicated some aspects of the evolution of the unions and the challenges, which were critical for the development of the unions in attaining their objectives. From the discussion, all the arguments brought forward by the writer have been exhaustively discussed, and the argument clearly shows the justifications. The understanding of the Canadian process of the union by the author was the driving force for letting out the information of the unions’ actions and activities within Canada. All the process practiced and brought forward by the writer should provide the readers with the urge to create and make all the relations achievable.
Eugene, A, Forsey. “The Canadian Labour Movement 1812-1902.” The Canadian Historical Association 27 (1974): 1-20.