The United States is founded on a democracy that was developed over many years right from the founders of the nation. It is worth noting that the whole idea of democracy originated from ancient civilizations in both the Greek and the Roman empires, these two empires felt a need for a government that fully represented the people thus fostering practices that would lead to democracy. This kind of civilization was spread to the world through the activities of explorers, colonialists and early Christian missionaries. The events of the protestant reformation was another factor that also led to the foundation of democracy as it motivated free thinking people who questioned the administration of the Catholic church. Philosophers argued out on the need for equality and the encouragement of individual freedom. These factors alongside the general feel that the British empire was unfair in its rule in America led to a series of American revolts. The founding fathers of America thus settled on a federal government that ruled over the fifty American states, a capital district alongside other territories outside the United States boundaries (Upshur& Burr, 1868).
The government, having been formed in1789, has it components clearly lined out in the constitution. The government is federal thus sharing exemplifying the share of power between the national government and the state governments. There are powers that the federal government have which the state governments do not have, power sharing between the two governments has, over the years raised conflict among to state officials and political scientists who have never agreed on which government should possess more powers than the other. According to the United States constitution, the federal government is divided into three branches; the legislative, the executive and the judicial branch. The legislative branch is entitled with making laws , the executive carries out the laws while the judicial branch evaluates laws.
The legislative branch of the US comprises of the congress which bicameral thus made up of two houses, the House of Representatives and the senate. The House of Representatives is made of membership apportioned to each and every state depending on the census report, it is currently made up of 435 members. There are qualifications for membership in this house even though they are less than those for the senate. This house is tasked with passing of legislations that affect the whole country. The powers of this house also provides for the opportunity to impeach state officials who are further tried by the senate after their impeachment.
The senate is the other house that makes up the United States Congress; its membership is obtained from the states with each state producing two senators. Unlike the House of Representatives, the membership to the senate is not subject to the population in the states. It is tasked with providing consent ion to treaties and the confirmation of the appointment of key government officials. Qualifications for membership include being members of the states that they would like to represent during the elections. The senators are legally bounded to serve for a staggered term of six years .
The legislative branch of the federal government has powers to collect taxes, declare war, and discipline the military among other powers. One of its core roles is in the provision of an oversight role in the federal government, it advices the president on nominations for state positions and the signing of treaties. The congress also conducts impeachments and trials failed state officials, the House of Representative impeaches them while the senate is responsible for trying them.
The President of the United States is the head of the executive branch of the federal government. The president is always elected alongside his or her running mate who eventually becomes the Vice President. Constitutionally the President of the United States is also the commander in chief of the military and is also the head of the federal government. He has powers to sign into law bills passed by the congress. The Vice President having been elected as the presidential running mate during election can act in the capacity of the president in the event the president dies.
The judiciary is the third branch of the federal government, it is responsible in ensuring laws are applied in the country. It presides over legal cases offering judgment which are not only to be used as case laws but are also meant to explain laws in cases where they are not clearly understood. The supreme court of the United States is the highest court in the country which is mandated with the authorization of formation of other courts in the country.
- Criticism of my colleague’s blog
Every worker goes to work with an aim of getting wages that are able to help him or her sustain him or herself. No one is always interested in working in a place where they are likely to receive low wages. It is worth noting that low wages in this case would mean wages that are able to fulfill one’s needs. There has been a decline in the purchasing power in the United States which means that a larger extent American low wage workers have to work for longer hours in order to be able to afford certain commodities. This is however, in contrary with the fact that the US has achieved greater levels of labor productivity that should make it easier for workers to enjoy substantial wages. The Democratic presidential, Hillary Clinton, has been campaigning promising a change in economic policies, one of them being the raising of wages to $15/hour. This is targeting the middle class American Citizens who have been receiving low wages.
The American economy is currently suffering from lack of aggregate demand, a fact that my colleague does not seem to recognize in his blog. Related to increasing the minimum wage, Hillary Clinton is promising to help middle class citizens manage the rising cost of goods and services by reducing their taxes in order to increase their purchasing power.
My colleague only focuses on insinuating that hardworking Americans are the only ones entitled to wage increase and therefore not all middle class citizens should benefit from this. It is however worth noting that the spiral effect of increasing the minimum wage would psychologically make ‘’lazy’’ Americans get motivated and work hard.
This economic policy by Hillary Clinton will in the long run increase the purchasing power of citizens thus raising the aggregate demand. An increase in the aggregate demand has positive impacts in the economy of the country as it encourages production. An increase in production not only benefits established business but also motivates investors. This leads to establishment of new businesses that are meant to create more job opportunities, the federal government is able to benefit from this as the taxation of this businesses earns revenue to the government. My colleague’s blog fails to address the fact that the benefits of raising the minimum wage is not only limited to middle class citizens but to all Americans including the wealthy ones.
Upshur, A. & Burr, C. (1868). The Federal government. New York: Van Evrie, Horton & Co.