Identity and Race

Identity and Race

Race as a social stratification mechanism as well as a type of human identity is a current perception in human account. However, historical records outline that the thought or ideologies linked to race was not there before the 17th Century. Nevertheless, in the United States , this aspect became the major type of human identity, as well as it has had a tragic effect on low-status (racial) minorities and on individuals who distinguished as “mixed race” (Glenn 18; Wright 1).

Thesis: Our identity and race is capable of leading us having a combination of feelings that incorporates a sense of segregation and alienation founded on the mode other people treat us. However, it is evident that migration has impacted on the fortune in diversity of races, ethnicities, and cultures in developed states. Ideally, persons who migrate encounter multiple hurdles, which affect their psychological well being. This incorporates the loss of cultural standards, spiritual norms, along with social support methods. Without a doubt, the rates of psychological impact remains in some emigrant groups. Therefore, to confirm this, this paper answers the questions:  what is segregations and alienation?  What is the background of identity and race? What are the impacts of identity and race? Can identity and race cause segregations and alienation?

Alienation and Segregation

Alienation is described as separation from a set or an action that one is supposed to fit in or that a person is supposed to be involved (Rajasenan 54). Ideally, stereotypes are capable of causing many people experience alienation that directs them to cross out and adjust that (Wright 44). On the other hand, segregation is the state of action of setting an individual or something despite other things or individuals or being consecrate. Basing on this, segregation is capable of restricting an individual from considering that he or she is capable of doing anything great with his or her life. Treatment alternatively, is the mode in which a person is handled. One’s identify defines the way the person is treated all the way through his or her life (Wright 45).

Background of Identity and Race in America

All through the American history, there has at all times been racial pressure. Even following the end of slavery, there was still racial pressures, flanked by whites and blacks among other races. Unconcealed racism in the U.S. has waned significantly. However, discrimination basing on one’s race continues, even though most persons are instinctively conscious of its effects on their verdicts, choices, as well as behaviors with regards to lower status groups. Majority (98 percent) Black-Americans experienced various type of discrimination against race (Hobbs 61). However, across racial sets, adults have accounted having individual insults (for instance, being called names), structural challenges (for instance, loans rejections), as well as unfriendly along with exclusionary social settings (Hobbs 266).

For many of Americans, matters of ethnic and racial identification remain commonly complex, a heritage of the state’s never-ending migration waves of and its extensive account of slavery as well as growth into Native American soils all over the continent. A research done in 2015 by Pew Research Center noted that about  6.9 percent of Americans recognize themselves as multi-racial, as well as a considerable proportion of these persons account having modified the mode in which, they beforehand, perceived in relation to their race identity. Without a doubt, the main multi-racial set is made up of mixed local American-Caucasian lineage (Walter and Wihbey Para 3). At the start of 2000, the Census Bureau started permitting persons to identify themselves as over one race. However, the 2010 survey documented a number of 9 million individuals of mixed-race category (generally, 2.9 percent of the populace), and over 0.7 million individuals acknowledged with 3 or 4 diverse races (Walter and Wihbey Para 3).

The Impacts of Identity and Race

The everyday as well as lifelong knowledge of racism along with discrimination has harmful impacts on the well-being of individuals (Iwamoto and Liu 79). Racism may perhaps overpower the accessible coping reaction as well as resources for alien Americans that may cause mental distress (Hobbs 269). The sub-categorization of racial identities remains utilized in daily life, for instance in the work applications, media, as well as insurance papers. However, the significance of the appearance of novel as well as dynamic identities with regard to a multiracial civilization has caused doubts on the subject of what it denotes to be an American. Nevertheless, there is a pressure flanked by the novel opportunities as well as multiculturalism, multiplicity and the limits of the relics of racial discrimination that still infuse societies (Hobbs 271).

Social policies, racial discriminations, and stereotypes remain the formations, which produce control above the individualities, which are given. However, doubts around American nationwide identities grounds to diversity in modern America. On the same note, communal action structures novel identities together with policy and political transformations. Radicalized along with ethicized identities remain social organizations as well as they affect the identity, which is known, social organizations and individuals transformations, establishing that they are variable identities (Hobbs 279).

Can identity and race cause segregations and alienation?

As said earlier, stereotypes is frequently capable of causing many people to experience alienation leading to the individuals striking out and changing identity.  Stereotype remains an appealing thought, mainly in its adaptability. It is capable of being satirical and comic as well as, all together, distasteful and mortifying. Most American ethnic groups experience constructive stereotypes, for instance, the stereotype of model-minority. Nevertheless, merely like their unenthusiastic equivalents, the former strip individuals of their individualism as well as alienate them in favor of not rallying the standards, which are compelled upon them. Negative stereotypes remain extensively accredited as destructive; therefore they are often in actual fact snubbed. However, positive stereotypes that are broadly embraced as well as believed flattering are capable of being uniformly harmful. One mainly destructive positive American-Asians stereotype is that they are entirely smart. Ideally, a 2010 study concerning the stereotypic model-minority revealed that American-Asians are almost certainly to be seen as nerds (Walter and Wihbey Para 6).

Segregation on the other hand can frequently limit individuals from considering that they can perform anything immense with their life. The racial segregation challenges form one of the main crises that Americans encounter today.  However, it appears pleasing; in order to sum up the efforts that modern social science is capable of making to its resolution. Evidently, there are legal and moral matters concerned regarding to which the current statement signers cannot tell with whichever exceptional authority and that have to be allowed for in the problem solution. Segregation causes an obstruction in the interaction and communications flanked by two groups of people. However, this kind of blockages is liable to increasing shared thought, disbelieve and antagonism. On the other hand, segregation is responsible for firm stereotypes and strengthens negative approaches to elements of the other set. It also causes the advance in a social environment that aggressive eruptions of racial pressures are prone to take place (Walter and Wihbey Para 10).

According to one study, Hispanics, Blacks, as well as Asians entirely emerge to desire both significant incorporation and a considerable co-ethnic existence. This is at the same time as the whites show the strongest partiality for similar-race neighbors. Therefore, this explicates white flight. At the same time as lower-preference whites for Blacks shift outside a neighborhood, extra Blacks may converge, therefore activating other whites to leave. The White people’s preferences differ from that of the Hispanics and Asians, although the groups entirely remain segregated as well. Therefore, whites keep away from regions with non-token scores of Hispanics or Asians not as a result of race, but because of other grounds. Even more alarmingly, white people with children below 18 years live in regions with 20 percent less blacks as compared to those with no children below 18 years. White and Black children will even be more segregated as compared to White and Black adults (Wright 37).

Why do most of the Whites desire to reside in areas with neighbors who are whites, even at the time the entire motives they more often than not they give to keep away from the Blacks are detached (crime and moribund asset values)? Ideally, residential segregation impacts greatly to all black people, regardless of socioeconomic position. White people employ segregation to uphold social space, and thus, contemporary residential segregation remains well appreciated as originating from structural compels [economic forces] attached to racial discrimination as well as unfairness, which protect the relative rank benefits of whites. This is referred by sociologists as opportunity hoarding (Wright 39).




Work cited and Annotation

Walter, Leighton, Kille and Wihbey, John. Race, ethnicity and identity in America: Research roundup. Journalist’s Resource, June 16, 2015. Web <>

This is an internet source that speaks about ethnicity, race, as well as identity in United States. The author focuses on a number of studies that base on the matters that concerns racial discrimination and identity.

Glenn, Evelyn N. Unequal Freedom: How Race and Gender Shaped American Citizenship and Labor. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 2002. Internet resource.

This book sponsor many considerations about the labor history in the U.S. as well as reasons. The author spoke regarding the way Americans still impacted to labor for many hours by the American vision.

Wright, William D. Racism Matters. Westport, Conn. [u.a.: Praeger, 1998. Print.

This work presents a novel argument on racism in U.S., which centers on the way the Whites have been influenced by their individual racial discrimination as well as the way it affects relationships flanked by Blacks and Whites. The study depicts concentration to the way racism is definitely diverse from race, as well as it demonstrates how, from the late 17th Century, the majority of the White people have been troubled by their individual racism, as proved by substantial dehumanization, delusional thoughts, alienation, as well as emotional along with social pathology.

Hobbs, Allyson V. A Chosen Exile: A History of Racial Passing in American Life. , 2014. Print.

Many African-Americans have conceded as White people, departing friends and families, communities and roots. However, it was, while Hobbs Allyson this book. This account of passing surveys the potential, problems, as well as losses in which racial indeterminacy impacted on individuals living in a nation fanatical with racial differences.

Rajasenan, D. “Land Alienation and Housing Segregation The Extent of Exclusion Encountered by the Tribes of Kerala.” Journal of Land and Rural Studies 3.1 (2015): 45-65.

This article attempts to unravel the complex association in housing segregation, land alienation, as well as socioeconomic aspects of Kerala tribe.  The article remains important to the essay by elaborating on the aspect of alienation of immigrants.

Iwamoto, Derek Kenji, and William Ming Liu. “The impact of racial identity, ethnic identity, Asian values, and race-related stress on Asian Americans and Asian international college students’ psychological well-being.” Journal of Counselling Psychology 57.1 (2010): 79.

This is a research that presents on the investigation of direct as well as moderate impacts of racial and ethnic identity, Asian-values, and stress as a result of race in Asian-American. The article is important elaborating on the effects of race and identity.





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