Homosexuality in China
Homosexuality has for long been a taboo in China. However, this standpoint has changed dramatically over the recent past. Homosexuals have been coming out publicly to demand for their right to marry and get married. Homosexuality has been defended as being a new way of life. As the society changes, so does the perception on fundamental societal issues such as marriage. In the current Chinese generation, homosexual is common social phenomenon. The modern Chinese generation can accept gay, lesbian or bisexual in their daily life. However, this is not the case with the older generation. Indeed, it is because of the fear of the older generations that most gays and lesbians are not free in the Chinese society. For example, fake marriage is the normal problem in nowadays. Most of the homosexual are still afraid to tell their family that they are not straight. So they pretend to marry with a straight person. This marriage will hurt both sides. China’s attitude toward homosexuality is beginning to shift. More and more people will not discriminate homosexual but still cannot accept it. This paper will show how the homosexuality lived before 1997; how do they face to the discrimination and fight for their rights; how do heterosexuality treat or think homosexuality nowadays.
Although there has been asexual revolution in China, homosexuality was not accepted in China before it was not made legal in 1997. Majority of the people perceived homosexuals as being a burden to the society (O’Connor). To this end, gays and lesbians in China faced immense discrimination because of their sexual orientation. They were perceived as going against the societal norm where individuals are expected to be sexual straight. To most people, sex refers to biology, to anatomical parts, and, with the exception of those who are born as hermaphrodites or with ambiguous genitalia, is either male or female. However, the term gender itself does not mean male or female, it means feminine, masculine, or neutral, and is created by which characteristics, behaviors, and expressions society and culture choose to put under each of those categories. In psychology one would frequently refer to “gender differences” rather than “sex differences” (Galli 34).
Before 1997, homosexuality did not have a place in China. For most parents, homosexuality was restricted because of the effect that the acceptance of gay marriage as a form of marriage will have on their children. To them, the main concern was that if the lobbying for the recognition of homosexuality succeeded it will become legally accepted just like heterosexual marriages. This means that many aspects of marriage will change. In school, the definition of the family will have to change (Outright International). Children will be taught o treat heterosexual relationships as equal to gay relationships. Obviously, not many parents were willing to get that low. Most parents would desired to take their children to school knowing that the school will not teach them to accept gay or any other forms of non-straight relationships.
In china, homosexuality has been forced on to the society by the insufficiency of bisexual partners in China. With the government of China implementing the “one child” policy, the sex ratio in China was massively interfered with. Because of the “One Child” policy many families that had found their first born being a female Child have had to give birth for the second child in the hopes of getting a male child. By 1892, barely 4 years after the “One Child” policy took effect, the sex ratio at birth was found to be 100 girls for 108.5 boys (Dodge and Elizabeth 22). By the early 1990s, the figure has risen to 117 boys for 100 girls (Dodge and Elizabeth 14). In various ways, the “One Child” policy creates in imbalance in the sex ratio. Because the policy required couples to have one child and because the male child in preferred in the Chinese society, many couples has had go through selective abortion in order to get children of their desired sex (Zhou 487). Besides, some parent have had to hide their female children from the census official and so the numbers of female children is not well recorded in China. Over the years, the numbers of orphaned and abandoned children have been on the rise, with most abandonment attributed to the “One Child” policy. Because of female infant neglect and infanticide, the number of brides in China has been on the decline and many Chinese men have had to spend their lives as bachelors.
China has been suffering an acute shortage of females. The preference of male children let too many girl children being killed or abandoned at young age. Most females are killed when they are still young to pave way for the birth of boys. As has been indicated, this has impacted on the sex ration in the Chinese society. Besides it has created new problems. Many men have been left without wives. This situation has led to an increase in human trafficking. Bride abduction has become almost a norm in various provinces in China. Crackdowns in human trafficking have freed thousands of brides who had been abducted (Outright International). Males who are not able to find mates have also been pushed to satisfy their sexual urges through other means. Smuggling of prostitutes in China has been on the rise in the recent past. This has provided the space for the development of a sex industry that is controlled by criminal gangs. Most of the females who are used in this racked are drawn from other Asian countries, such as Philippines. The girls are used to meet the sexual demands of many men who have been unfortunate to miss out on marriage partners. Besides, this trend has led to the expansion of pornography industry in China. Further, gay relationships have also been shown to be on the rise.
In conclusion, homosexuality has had a relatively rough relationship with the Chinese society. While it might be legally accepted for people of same sex to get into relationship, homosexuality is still considered to be out of touch with the Chinese culture. Many people, especially of the old generation, still consider it to be an erosion of the Chinese culture. However, the current generation if open about homosexuality and consider it to be a personal decision rather than going against the culture. As such, gays and lesbians have found some reprieve, although they still have to conduct their affairs in secrete.
Dodge, Patrick Shaou-Whea, and Elizabeth A. Suter. “It’s Okay To Have A Girl”: Patronymy And China’s One Child Policy.” Women & Language 31.1 (2008): 13-22.
Galli, Moly. “Is they gay marriage debate over?.” Christianity Today, (2009)53:7, 30-33.
O’Connor, Andrew. “The Rise of China.” 12 Mar. 2012 Web. 11 Aprl. 2016. <http://www.rba.gov.au/econ- compet/2012/pdf/second-prize.pdf>
Outright International. “China: the legal position and status of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people in the people’s republic of china”. 2016. Web. 10 Aprl. 2016 <,https://www.outrightinternational.org/content/china-legal-position-and-status-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-people-people’s>
Owell, Bill. “China’s Big Closet.” Newsweek Global 163.12 (2014): 18-20.
Zhou, Yanqiu Rachel. “Homosexuality, Seropositivity, And Family Obligations: Perspectives Of HIV-Infected Men Who Have Sex With Men In China.” Culture, Health & Sexuality 8.6 (2006): 487-500.