Behavioral Intervention Effective in Treating ADHD in Children and Young Adults
Behavioral Intervention Effective in Treating ADHD in Children and Young Adults
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, denoted as ADHD is a common medical condition that affects the normal wellness of a person, appearing at a young and teenage ages. The condition is associated with symptoms of the patient lacking that ability to sit still, pay attention or even focus on important activities. Young children and teens always suffer from this condition because of the differences that exist in their brains, which are crucial in controlling attention and activity. Among young children, the condition is common and is often associated with biological disorderliness unlike in teens and young adults where it is associated with behavior. This study will develop and test the different behavioral interventions commonly used in treating ADHD among children and young adults. This will be achieved through an effective measure of the condition among the focused or interest groups, which are the children and young adults together with the effectiveness of behavioral interventions in treating the condition. Counselling and positive reinforcements are one of the major interventions used and that will be discussed towards treating ADHD in children and young adults.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder has become a common condition although it is not a chronic disease. Children are expected to take their part as kids and become active. However, serious hyperactive behaviors and activities become a hindrance to their full functionality. According to a study carried by the CDC, 1 out of 12 children in the US has the chance of suffering from ADHD (Larimer, 2013). This is attributed not to a medical condition in the course of growing up but the parenting models used across the US. According to the IEP, 10% of school-age children suffer from ADHD (Frost, 2015). From the statistics, it is clear that the condition is serious and needs behavioral intervention in order to modify the behaviors of the young children and teens as well. ADHD is often categorized as a special condition and school-going children with the ADHD condition are always classified as children with special needs. With the school-age reducing to as low as 2 ½ years, ADHD levels are expected to rise and be experienced more in children and even those ones moving to teenage and young adults (Stuart, 2014).
The proposed study will look at the different proposed behavioral interventions which includes creating rules for the home, ignoring mild inappropriate behaviors, using appropriate directives, setting up contingencies, keeping daily charts, using the point-token system, using a level systems and sitting down to do homework with the children identified to be suffering from ADHD. More than 500,000 children in the US suffer from ADHD. According to the CDC, when this condition is not controlled early in childhood, it manifests itself at later stages during teenage and when the teenage is entering into adulthood (Larimer, 2013). Children exhibit severe loss of memory, lack of patience, restlessness, easily distracted, making easy mistakes, interrupting other people as well as paying close attention to details (Weiner, 2014). In young adults, ADHD is manifested through loss of attention, trouble taking turns, failing to organize oneself, forgetting easily, feeling restless and having difficulty in focusing on a single activity.
Treating ADHD in children and young adults has become a topic of discussion because of the many challenges the condition presents to growing children who are under the care of their parents. The condition normally interferes with the cognitive process of the patients. The intervention of treating ADHD using behavioral techniques focuses towards changing the negative behavior using appropriate measures that are not medically propagated (Stuart, 2014). Under the objectives, it is important to first understand the role that each party plays towards treating ADHD both at home and at a health facility without using any medical processes. The proposal will look at methods to gain control of the already lost children and young adults that are directly affected by ADHD, either as a personal disorder or as a result of parenting styles that propagate the behavior. ADHD includes a variety of symptoms since one child cannot display all the lasted characteristics associated with ADHD (Larimer, 2013). However, if there is an exhibition of more than 5 of the symptoms, then the child can be considered as suffering from ADHD (Stuart, 2014). In using behavioral interventions, simple steps can be used but attention has to be paid on each step and close monitoring of the child. If the parent cannot manage to handle the process, an external party that understands the process and ADHD can take over with keen participation of the parent.
The study will address the following specific objectives:
Objective 1: to assess the different behavioral interventions used in the treatment of ADHD among children and young adults.
Objective 2: to assess the effectiveness of the behavioral interventions in the treatment of ADHD in children and young adults
This study will develop different scales of measurement towards measuring the effectiveness of behavioral methods in treating ADHD as well analyze the different behavioral methods commonly used in treating ADHD. In Proportion 1, the study will first look at the behavioral methods as proposed by different experts. The methods will be used across a variety of patients, particularlytwo selected samples, one containing children while the other one contains young adults who have been diagnosed as suffering from ADHD.
In proportion 2, participants will be assessed after going through the different behavioral interventions of treating their ADHD to assess which intervention works best and in what category it functions best.
Setting: The study will be conducted in South Florida. The region presents a population of about 1, 265,109 children and young adults according to the 2010 US Census Bureau’s American Community Survey.
Sampling strategy: Participants in the exercise will be children and young adults, both female and male who have characteristics that indicate they are suffering from ADHD.
Recruiting strategy: The sample to be used in the study will involve centers that carry out behavioral therapy in treating ADHD and volunteering parents who take their children through behavioral interventions to treat ADHD in their children.
Informed consent: Parents of the children and young adults that will be used in the study together with the participants will be informed and their accreditation taken before involving them in the research
Potential benefits to the proposed research: Participants and their parents will gain direct benefit of knowing the most effective behavioral interventions used in treating ADHD.
Data collection: Scales will develop from the number of participants to be included in the research on the various proposed ways of treating ADHD. Relevant data will be collected from the participants and the various centers where they will be attending to in order to get ADHD treatment. The study will use research questionnaires and interviews to gain direct information. The collected data will then be analyzed. The research sample will be divided into quarters in classification of age and gender in order to obtain credible information.
Data analysis: the questionnaires and interviews will be reviewed to identify the different classifications of participants as well the different behavioral interventions that were used in the research. The analysis will be important to understand the most effective methods that treat ADHD among the different populations of children and young adults.
|Timeline||Related Project Activities||Indicators|
|Month 1 to month 3||· Recruit and train project staff.
· Come up with research systems.
· Develop protocols on data collection and management.
· Identify and train participants.
· Conduct evaluation to monitor progress.
|· Project staff in full gear by month 2.
· Questionnaires and interviews in place by month 3.
· All participants recruited by end of month 3.
· Monthly evaluation meetings .
|Month 4 to month 6||· Conduct actual interviews.
· Analyze the interviews and make appropriate changes in the interviews.
· Train staff on data collection methods.
· Conduct monthly study evaluations to make changes.
|· Data collection completed by month 6.
· Completion of field data by end of month 5.
· Data representation by staff by month 6.
· Study evaluations and proposed changes every month .
|Month 7 to month 9||· Evaluation and analysis of collected data.
· Conduct study processes evaluation and data review.
· Make modifications from noted appropriate changes.
· Prepare manuscripts to be submitted.
|· Submitting of field research reports by month 9.
· Abstract submitted for presentation.
· Data analyzed from all the participants by month 9.
· Final evaluation processes to determine effective methods.
Budget for the proposed study
|Total Project Cost||$ 8,000.00|
Frost, N. (2015). Qualitative Research Methods in Psychology: Combining Core Approaches. New York : Open University Press.
Larimer, M. (2013). Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Research Developments. Chicago : Nova Publishers.
Stuart, J. (2014). ADHD: The Great Misdiagnosis. New York : Rowman & Littlefield Publishers .
Weiner, I. (2014). Handbook of Psychology, Research Methods in Psychology. New York : WIley Publishers .