The Importance of Physical Development During Infancy


The Importance of Physical Development During Infancy




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The Importance of Physical Activity During Infancy


Physical activities are a part of the human growth, and they contribute to about seventy percent of the process.  Every human body needs exercise so that they can prevent the different kind of diseases that attack the human body. Most of these chronic diseases can be controlled by regular exercise or even engaging yourself in various kind’s physical activities. It is due to the ignorance of most of the human population that the number of deaths recorded from the preventable diseases has increased.

Different governments and organizations encourage their employees to engage in the various physical activities to enhance the productivity per person. Most of the younger population, however, is slowly avoiding any physical activities and slowly embracing the modern methods of stress management.  Most of the youth have adopted the use of different drugs such as cocaine and bhang to manage the various obstacles in life. In the ancient times, most of the people lived so many years and even had enough energy to walk long distances due to the exercise they subjected their bodies to. With the modern technological development, man has opted to make everything easier and to reduce the energy he is using in doing his activities (Pfeiffer, 2016).

Research questions

The research will try to answer some of the questions regarding the physical development that will include; what is meant by physical activities, when should these physical activities be done and how the physical activities affect the human body. Moreover, the research will consider discussing the various aspects that affect the physical activities and how they can be managed.

Literature review

Bredin (2006), on his book on the benefits of physical activities stated that childhood development involves the use of the different platforms that can help a child grow in a healthy condition.   He further classifies the need for proper growth in children as the fundamental activity that can be used to avoid any complications in the future child life. Bredin(2006), also observed that physical activity involves the movement of the body that makes the muscles require more energy than in the resting position. Some of the physical activities that an infant may be subjected to include; yoga, swimming, dancing or even walking. The research was carried out in South Korea, and it sampled an average of two hundred children below the age of five. The importance of the Bredins study was to give the highlight and the importance of the physical activities to infants below the age of seventeen

Tremblay(2012), on his study on the systematic review of physical activity and health in the early years (aged 0–4 years). Moreover, the researcher looked at the effect of the physical activities in the growth process of an infant and how the baby can be trained to adapt to the physical activities.  He further states that in the modern world, most of the infants below eighteen years are engaged in different activities that do not make them make sound of the energy produced by their bodies. The research was carried out in two years and sampled a total of five thousand children in the Central African Republic who were ten years and below. The study by Trembly describes the effect of the physical activities on the child’s growth and helps us to understand the different stages of a child’s growth

Adamo(2012), on his book on the Physical activity promotion in the preschool years: a critical period to intervene observed that the early years of a child growth should be characterized by intensive physical activities to promote proper growth. The study was taken in Sawarak province in Malaysia in 2011, and it took a sample of 2000 children across the country. The study found that most of the children involved themselves in different physical activities without knowing the benefits it had. The research gives some of the benefits physical activities have on the children and the health of the kids in general.

Loprinzi & Lee (2012), on their research on the advantages and environmental determinants of physical activity in children and adolescents wrote that in some countries, the inability of children being involved in physical activities has led to the increase in the obesity cases across the globe.  He the researchers further stated that obesity had been categorized as one of the health problems that are being encountered in most of the western countries.  The research was conducted in twenty schools in Alabama where the overweight children below the age of ten were interviewed on how often they engage in physical activities this research helps to identify the underlying effect of non-involvement of physical activities in the growth of a child below ten years

Newman & Newman (2014),  In their journal titled Development through life: A psychosocial approach noted that the physical activities are essential to the growth of the brains of an infant. Moreover, the study found that a child, who is physically actives and balances the school work and the other co-curricular activities, has a higher concentration span than the one who do not. The study was conducted in the city of Manchester, and it involved a sample of 500 kindergarten children from across the city. The study helps us to identify the impact of the physical activities on the brain development of a child.

In their study on grounding early intervention: physical therapy cannot just be about motor skills anymore found the physical activities had an impact on the social development of a child(Lobo & McCoy,2013). They further explained that a child who avoids social interaction with others is likely to suffer emotional stress shyness. The study was conducted in South Africa in 2006 at Soweto, and it involved a sample of two hundred children. The study helps muse to understand the relationship between the growth process of a child and the social development of the child.

In their book titled: Physical activity and sedentary behavior during the early years in Canada, they discuss that the physical activities help the child to gain some admiral behavior such as respect courage and self-esteem(Timmons & Tremblay,2013). The researchers carried out their study in Utah here they interviewed the parents of one hundred and fifty children who were below six years old. The research showed that the physical activeness of a child helps the child to identify the right and the wrong thing that can be done at any particular moment. The research helps us to understand that the physical development of a child and the behavioral traits can be traced back to the physical activities of the child

Jiménez & Pitsiladis(2013), on their research on the Physical activity and clustered cardiovascular disease risk factors in young children found that the physical activities act as a preventive measure on cancer and other heart diseases the study was based on the medical history on five hundred children in Washington City in 2003. The study helped us to identify some of the risks associated with a child not getting involved in the physical activities at an early age. It further explains the reason for the increase in the number of children who suffer from heart diseases and cancer from the different parts of United States

Renault & Nørgaard(2014), in their book; The Treatment of Obese Pregnant Women (TOP) study: a randomized control trial of the effect of physical activity identified that, physical activities helped the child to have a proper growth and a good immune system. The researchers further observed that apart from the essential vitamins, a child needs to exercise regularly so as to avoid the breaking of bones and the development of other bone-related diseases. The study was conducted in the eastern part of Soweto in South Africa where a sample o a thousand infant were examined the research shows the relationship of the physical activities and the medical history of children.

Sigelman & Rider (2014), On their research on the role of the parents in the physical development of the child concluded that parents have a role to play in making sure that their children get maximum time to participate in different physical activities.  The researchers further explain that child at this early age needs to be actively involved in the physical activity by his parent. All this can be achieved by having access to different toys and dolls that he can relate to in the real world hey also emphasize that a child who grows up creative will have an easy time in getting to learn new this in his environment or even the class. The research was conducted in Bangkok China where the life history of ten thousand children was studied from the different families across the city. The research helps us to link the physical activities and the creativity level of a child below the age of ten

David & Weinstein (2013), in their study, that focused on the physical activities and the development of a child. They found out that it is through his physical activities that a child first knows how to sit or crawl they also note that at this stage, a child uses some of the toys that he is familiar with to exercise over a period. The physical activities are essential in the growth of the child the researchers further noted that it is the duty of the parents of the child to ensure that the child has enough materials to play and to help the child in case he finds it difficult to play. The research used a sample of one hundred children below the age of ten from Thailand. The study links the physical activities and the role of parents in the growth of the child.

This study will benefit different sectors in the education systems which include: the teacher, parents, and the government. All these players have an impact on the lives of the children and can make sure more emphasis is given to the physical activities of their children.



The unknown

David & Weinstein(2013), In their book on the Spaces for children notes that Physical activity is to some extent the cure to the problems that the society and the families suffer from. He notes that most of the diseases diagnosed and the behaviors developed by children can be prevented by the use physical activities. The physical activities help one to be prepared to the different diversities in life. One must be able to appreciate change, to accept everybody in the society and to respect the properties of others. This study helps use to know the diversity of the physical activities and how they can be used to solve most of the problems experienced in the modern society.

Purpose statement.

I hope this study will be of benefit to schools, parents and the government in trying to understand the importance of physical activities on the growth of children

Summary and synthesis of the literature.

The physical activities help to the children to overcome different obstacles that they come across in their daily life (Hagger, 2016). The activities also assist in maintaining the proper health of a child by creating a strong immune system and healthy bones. For this reason, that most countries have introduced physical activity lessons in the school curriculum to enable the society to bring up a visionary generation. All the studies done have an indication that it is through the physical activities that the child can grow up and learn from the environment. Moreover, the different studies indicate that no child can stay without the physical activities and therefore children prefer getting the physical activities from school than from their homes. The physical activities are also good for a child’s health since they prevent some of the chronic diseases that a child can develop without exercising

Final summary and connection to study

Physical activities are an essential part of human growth, and they represent the most natural way of a person remaining healthy. They boost the courage of people at an early age, develop the creative minds, molds the behavior of a person and defines how a person will grow up. All these factors represent a solution to the problems encountered by man in the modern world and for generations to come. It is the duties of the parents and the communities a whole to ensure that the younger generation is educated on the advantages of taking part physical activities. Piko (2000), noted that, the governments have also set up the guidance and counseling departments to allow children to share their experiences with a trusted party to limit violence in the streets. Several recreational facilities are also set up such as stadiums, swimming pools, and theaters to enable the general public to get access to these establishments.







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Renault, K. M., Nørgaard, K., Nilas, L., Carlsen, E. M., Cortes, D., Pryds, O., & Secher, N. J. (2014). The Treatment of Obese Pregnant Women (TOP) study: a randomized controlled trial of the effect of physical activity intervention assessed by pedometer with or without dietary intervention in obese pregnant women. American journal of obstetrics and gynecology, 210(2), 134-e1.

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