Operation management is the administration of practices in various fields to enhance the level of efficiency within an organization (Jones & Robinson, 2012). The operation managers are obligated with utilizing the pre-set resources, staff, technology, and schedules to ensure that results are delivered within the specific period. Operation management may be embraced in different operations in external and internal environments of organizations; hence, the practice of can be used to prepare for natural disasters in different aspects (Mahadevan, 2010).
Notably, natural disasters are sudden and extreme events resulting from natural processes (Vitoriano, Montero, & Ruan, 2013). Due to their naturally occurring processes, they are hard to prevent compared to artificial disasters. However, preparations and may be adopted to reduce the damage by embracing practices such as operation managements.
Operation management can be used to prepare for natural disasters regarding impromptu decision-making that is a major setback when the calamities are experiences. Precisely, the operations management practice will be employed in making rational decisions based on detailed information on disaster management. In the short-run, operations management reduces duplication of roles and confusion that is contributed to by protocol from different emergency responders (Vitoriano, Montero, & Ruan, 2013). Consequently, have an operations management department will portray specific roles; therefore, reducing time wasted in making decisions during natural disasters.
Secondly, operation management can be used in providing competent management plans and policies that decrease cases of human mortality and lost revenue (Mahadevan, 2010). In most cases, the lack of operations management leads to lost revenue due to the lack of preparedness of the dispatch of operations to the wrong regions. Consequently, operation management embarks on research that provides previous data on natural disasters. In-depth analysis of the data shows the convenient ways to dispatch the emergency management crew and reduce wastage of the public resources. Operation managers are obligated with the role of financial management; hence, incorporation of operation management in disaster preparedness ensures that the funds have been used efficiently (Mahadevan, 2010).
In addition, operation management can also be adopted to enhance communication that is vital for natural disasters. According to research, previous cases of natural disasters have had large casualties since there is not communication during the lead-time. For instance, operations management will gather data on a natural disaster such as a hurricane and use research to comprehend it causes and occurrences. Subsequently, the practice will provide the individuals with a lead-time to prepare for the disaster; therefore, reducing damage.
Operation management at the business level is vital for providing workers with a detailed plan on ways to react in the case of a natural disaster (Mahadevan, 2010). Some organizations are located in prone areas where natural disasters occur frequently. As a result, the operations management team is required to provide safety lessons to other employees on ways to overcome the aftermath of the disasters at their workplaces where in most cases are exposed to heavy machinery.
Regarding research on various aspects of operations management, it can be used to prepare for natural disasters using the right equipment and materials. For example, material that is tolerant to extreme weather conditions or natural calamities may be dispatched to locations that suffer most and reduce fatalities (Vitoriano, Montero, & Ruan, 2013).
Finally, operations management may be used as a control base during a natural disaster; hence, assisting in its preparedness. In some cases, the operation management departments may regulate all operations during natural disasters whereby the police, emergency personnel and the firefighters are under one control. This approach ensures preparedness and coordination of the lifesaving activities and reducing fatalities. In conclusion, the paper has provided substantial knowledge on the relation between operations management and ways it can be used to prepare for natural disasters in future.
Jones, P. & Robinson, P. (2012). Operations management. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Mahadevan, B. (2010). Operations Management: Theory and Practice. Upper Saddle River: Pearson.
Vitoriano, B., Montero, J., & Ruan, D. (2013). Decision aid models for disaster management and emergencies. Amsterdam: Atlantis Press.