Information technology has been impacting various sectors of the society. Education is one of the areas that technology has been affecting positively and negatively. Basically, in the field of education the primary, path it has been taking is the removal of paperwork; and replacing it with digital methods of studying. It is critical to note various aspects of life that have been taking the digital form. One of them is newspapers, games, books and much more. Digitalization is not only changing learning systems but teaching methods as well (Armstrong, 2015).
In order to make education digital, there factors to pay attention. The factors involve; the economic market and its readiness to make education digital. We also have to find out the barriers and the opportunities that it creates. It is crucial to understand how the market works; for the purpose of creating student digital passport. Understanding the market means, coming up with methods; that are receptive to the modern market; in a manner that will be economically beneficial (Lutteroth & Weber, 2011).
Australia was where the research takes place. On this continent, it is evident that some tertiary schools; are inventing this mode of learning. However, we note that; the student online portals are not sufficient enough and may tend to crumble down sometimes. When assignments are given; the lecturers require both hard and soft copy. It is amazing that some teachers have no idea how to operate such systems (De Bonis & De Bonis 2011).
They are challenges that not only face Australia but the whole world as a whole. While taking a closer look at the economic status today; it possible to realize that many people have the desire to learn. It is for this reason that universities and colleges are admitting many students; more than the facilities are capable of holding. It leads to an increasing in demand for making education digital for exam use of online studies. The current market is also putting a lot of pressure to enable such services. Gadgets such as iPods and iPhones make it easy to have access to GoogleDocs, Dropbox, and Blackboard. By using this form of education; many students can familiarize with the current, computerizing generation (Carley, 2013).
It makes it easier, for individuals to do multiple things, with studying among them. Such as working and schooling. It is because they do not depend wholly on the lecturers to teach them (Brag, 2005). Making papers involves deforestation; how about if we stop making documents, the environment will upgrade from desertification. If the education system is in digital form, precisely even teaching must adapt this state. The current method of study includes purchasing books which are very expensive. However, so many books are available online, it a crucial factor to note that, the cost of the study will drastically reduce. The making of errors is close to minimal since, using of computer commands correctly, facilitates accuracy (Chao, 2014).
According to the research; despite the many advantages that come about with digitalization there some barriers that it creates. The whole process acts as a threat to professors, since with all the information online, it renders their jobs useless. It hardly caters for people with special needs; since it is basis are modern (Patel & Vij, 2013). The question is these people already have trouble with learning; how will they cope with the modern ways? The system needs to cater for all individuals disable and able. It is a cheap and affordable mode of learning; to ensure such technology is present and accessible to all students; it will cost the universities lots of income (Goodchild & Janelle, (2004).
Technology comes, with the big snake known as cyber crime. Hacking into the site to steal intellectual property and documents is a great challenge. Thus, when launching into the technological form of education, it is important to note; that this is one of the biggest challenges. Another great challenge is that computers are prone to failures; upon breakage, they cause massive loss of soft copies and to loss of assignments by students (Hasan, Ghose & Spedding, 2009). Some course such as medicine and piloting are not advisable to study online; practicals have to present. Thus some courses still must be in a classroom set up; for these reasons students studying such course; are locked out of this technology (Neteler & Mitasova, 2002).
However, what causes a sigh of relief is that; most of the problems are solvable. For the purpose of preventing cyber crime, the students’ portals have to be strictly confidential; it reduces the risks of hackers into their accounts. Since the student, teacher relationship does not exist; most if not all books have to be available online. To facilitate it, students must be vast in the knowledge of Information Technology. It is important to consider that some people are not comfortable with this mode. Thus, the option is making sure that the needs of various individuals are meet. It is possible by allowing both online and traditional methods of learning (Yousem & Beauchamp, 2008).
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