English for Academic Purposes 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

English for Academic Purposes 1 (EAP 1) Portfolio (EAPA3004)

 

Name:

Student Number:

Tutor name:

 

This is your EAP 1 Portfolio. Please save a copy on your computer and back it up regularly (e.g. by saving it on your computer / in the cloud (e.g. Google Drive) / emailing it to yourself. You will receive a printed copy which you should bring to all lectures and tutorials. However, at the end of the course, you need to submit a completed electronic copy. Please refer to suggested word counts for each task included within this portfolio.

 

Assessed Learning Outcomes (LOs):

  1. Produce cohesive and coherent elements of academic writing.
  2. Read, compare and summarise written academic texts.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Week Contents Page Learning

outcome

  Section 1: Written Task

(The written task should be developed throughout the semester but completed in weeks 7-10.)

1-10  

Academic writing [compare and contrast essay relevant to higher education] (750 words)

 

3 LO 1 & 2
  Section 2: Portfolio Evidence

(These tasks will often be drafted in class and are designed to inform the written task in section 1. Suggested word counts are included in brackets.)

 

1 Portfolio evidence I: Self-evaluation checklist 4 LO 1 & 2
4-6 Portfolio evidence II: Essay outline (200 words) 5 LO 1 & 2
5-6 Portfolio evidence III: Summarising (100 words in total, including notes) 6 LO 2
6 Portfolio evidence IV: Paragraph structure (300 words, including notes) 8 LO 1
9 Portfolio evidence V: Self-assessment (100 words) 10 LO 1 & 2

 

Total Word Count: Written Task (750 words) + Evidence (approx.700 words)

(+/- 10%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Section 1. Written Task

Academic Writing (750 words)

Please type your essay below (750 words). Don’t forget to modify the grey words in the title and add a reference list at the end.

Make sure that:

  • Your essay has an appropriate title, an introduction, two main body paragraphs, a conclusion and a reference list.
  • You have used at least 2 references (in-text citations) in each of your main body paragraphs (at least 4 references in total).
  • You have discussed BOTH countries in EACH of your main body paragraphs (point-by-point).

 

Title: Compare and contrast the higher education system in England with that of one country of your choice in terms of funding and quality. Which system is preferable?

 

Differences between the education system of Sierra Leon and the England

England and Sierra Leon’s higher education systems have both similarities and differences. Sierra Leone is a former British colony. As such, Sierra Leone’s education system has more similarities than differences compared with the England’s education system. For instance, Sierra Leon is among the few English-speaking countries in West Africa. The other nations in that region were colonized by the French, hence, French as their official language.  Sierra Leon enjoyed one of the best educational systems in the world after its independence. Therefore, it has the 6-3-3-4 education system. In the first six years, the learner attends primary school. Later, they attend the junior secondary. The first nine years are considered to prepare the student for a formal education (Wang, 2007). After nine years of study, the learner takes the Basic Education Certificate Examination (BECE) which is used to determine whether they can continue to special senior secondary schools or join vocational schools. The will explicitly show the differences and similarities of the higher education system in England and Sierra Leone.

Those who are lucky enough to join senior secondary school take the International Senior Secondary School Examination at the end of their course (ISSE). After the completion of the senior school examination, the learners are tested again. They sit for the West Africa Examination Council examination where they compete with the rest of the English-speaking countries in West Africa WAEC. Students who pass the WAEC exams are allowed to continue to university for their first degree which typically takes four years. Those who do not make it to university are given a chance to join technical training institutions. Education in Sierra Leon is available for both boys and girls.

Similarly, England’s education system has used continuous assessments to test the ability of learners before proceeding to the next step. Continuous assessment programs are aimed at producing the best intellectuals in the country. Just like in Sierra Leon, England has made it mandatory that both genders to attend school (Carroll & Ryan, 2007).  The government introduced the Education Curriculum in England in 1988. All state schools follow the curriculum, and it caters for individuals between the age of 5 and 18. The education system in the United Kingdom as well takes five stages. The steps start from Key stage 1 to 5.  The first stage just like in Sierra Leonne offers primary education to build the foundation of the learners. The first phase involves primary school education in the second stage (7-11) years, and students attend secondary education. After the second stage, the students are tested for the General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) which allows them to continue to higher education.

With the presented information, it can be seen that the education system of both countries aims at producing the best learners in the system. Moreover, students are given equal chances regardless of their gender. Those who fail to pass the assessment tests at each stage are provided with alternatives. For instance, in Sierra Leone, those who do not pass the Basic Education Certificate Examination (BECE) are given the opportunity to join vocational institutions. The same applies in England. Those learners who fail to join University have another option of joining the army or other vocational institutions.

Additionally, there exist some differences in the education system of the two countries. As an example, Sierra Leon accepts the use of four languages in their system which include Mimba, Temne, Krio, and Mende. They also teach French and Arabic at junior and secondary level. On the other hand, England uses English. Contrary to Sierra Leone, higher education in England is chargeable. Although Universities in England offer scholarships, their system is still expensive. This is despite the fact that England hosts prominent universities in the world like Cambridge and Oxford whose fees are out of reach for many citizens.

The Sierra Leone higher education system is impractically owing to the shortage of the educational facilities. This is mainly due to the ravages of war which favours urban children as opposed to the rural ones. We identify that this education is also gendered biased and it restricts the education of girls in the countryside. Therefore, the education of girls is dependent on the parent’s cultural beliefs. The system also offers its students the option vocational training. It is at this stage that the students learn the practical skills associated with their chosen profession. We identify that the literacy rate of this country remains below 60% despite the opportunities that the higher education accords. The vocational training is aimed at reintegrating and training the former combatants. It is evident that the country requires more people to associate with vocations that do not relate to agriculture. The tertiary education is limited since there are only two universities in Sierra Leone.

England’s higher education system is preferred, and it is facilitated by the highly evolved education system. This system is delegated into semi-autonomous regions. Hence, the primary education recognizes the necessary first stages of education. It is evident through the grounding education and the middle education the child receives a basic introduction to the basic academic education. Additionally, they are also encouraged to take extra subjects like music, art, and computer skills. The secondary education identifies more comprehensive syllabus and complex programs challenge the student. Individuals attain a vocational certificate that depends on the stream they followed. They can also take two more years for the completion of their advanced level school education. The vocational education brings to view the post-secondary education recognized by the technical schools that offer a wide variety of courses that lead to formal vocational qualifications. Therefore, those who don’t make it to the university are empowered through the professional education. The tertiary education identified the quality of England’s universities, and they add more weight to the assignments and formal examinations. Therefore, this education system ensures that everyone involved will have opportunities to achieve success in their life and careers.

Sierra Leone, on the other hand, tries to instil the concept of education in its population. The cultivation of knowledge, attitudes and skills will enable this society to improve its living standards. Moreover, it will improve the current situation through both health and social circumstances. The country recognizes the opportunities that education gives individual in the modern world. There is a need for this nation to identify with a system compensates for the chronic neglect of women education. This system should ensure affirmative action in favour women in this region. Additionally, the new training structure utilizes the national languages. This new system ensures that training educators will be active in the process of reforming the educational syllabus. The system will also include curriculum research and development that provides the professional development of this scheme. The professional perspective should be achieved through the inspectors, trainers, adult educators, computer and subject specialists. By training, the personnel will be attained either internal or external, and that will be accomplished through E-learning. The educational services will be coordinated in the process of improving this system.

The Sierra Leone higher education system should learn from England’s system and build on the basics through the lover levels of education. The limited universities have ensured that the tertiary level of education remains a future endeavour. However, they can ensure that this does not have an effect on the country by concentration on the lower levels of education. Through the establishment of an education system that facilitates innovation in this country.

In conclusion, both countries have similarities and differences in their higher education system. The education system in England for instance is more developed due to improvement in technology. England embraces e-learning whereby students and their tutors do not need to meet in an average class set up for learning to take place. The introduction of online classes across most schools in England has changed their system completely. On the other hand, Sierra Leone is a developing country. Most of the education is done manually.

 

 

References:

Carroll, J., & Ryan, J. (Eds.). (2007). Teaching international students: Improving learning for all. Routledge.

Wang, L. (2007). Education in Sierra Leone: Present challenges, future opportunities. World Bank Publications.

 

 

Section 2: Portfolio Evidence I

Self-evaluation checklist

Below is a list of the skills you will need when working on extended pieces of writing during your university career. The work you do on the EAP I course will help you develop these skills. Tick the appropriate box for each skill, according to how well you think you can do this at the beginning of this course. Look again the checklist throughout the course in order to identify areas for independent study.

 

 

Skills Do not know about this Find this difficult/ can’t do this Can partially do this Can do this well
Looking for information        
Identify which books/journals/websites to use       YES
Select relevant parts of a text       YES
Using sources        
Acknowledge sources of information       YES
Avoid plagiarism       YES
Planning/ writing        
Brainstorm ideas     YES  
Plan written work       YES
Link ideas effectively       YES
Paraphrase & summarise ideas       YES
Write an introduction       YES
Write a conclusion       YES
Personal study        
Work independently       YES
Manage my time       YES
Oral presentation        
Discuss written work in a tutorial       YES
IT        
Access the internet       YES
Use search engines       YES
Create word documents       YES

 

 

 

 

 

Section 2: Portfolio Evidence II

Outline (suggested word count: 200)

An outline is a map of the main ideas included in your essay. You do not need to write full sentences, just notes of the main points that you are going to write in each paragraph of your essay, along with the references.

 

Title: Comparing the education systems between Sierra Leon and England

 

 

Introduction: England and Sierra Leon’s higher education systems have both similarities and differences. Sierra Leone is a former British colony. As such, Sierra Leone’s education system has more similarities than differences compared with the England’s education system. For instance, Sierra Leon is among the few English-speaking countries in West Africa. The other nations in that region were colonized by the French, hence, French as their official language.

 

 

Thesis statement:

The will explicitly show the differences and similarities of the higher education system in England and Sierra Leone.

 

Main body paragraph 1: With the presented information, it can be seen that the education system of both countries aims at producing the best learners in the system. Moreover, students are given equal chances regardless of their gender. Those who fail to pass the assessment tests at each stage are provided with alternatives. For instance, in Sierra Leone, those who do not pass the Basic Education Certificate Examination (BECE) are given the opportunity to join vocational institutions. The same applies in England. Those learners who fail to join University have another option of joining the army or other vocational institutions.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Main body paragraph 2:  

 

Additionally, there exist some differences in the education system of the two countries. As an example, Sierra Leon accepts the use of four languages in their system which include Mimba, Temne, Krio, and Mende. They also teach French and Arabic at junior and secondary level. On the other hand, England uses English. Contrary to Sierra Leone, higher education in England is chargeable. Although Universities in England offer scholarships, their system is still expensive. This is despite the fact that England hosts prominent universities in the world like Cambridge and Oxford whose fees are out of reach for many citizens.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Conclusion: In conclusion, both countries have similarities and differences in their higher education system. The education system in England for instance is more developed due to improvement in technology. England embraces e-learning whereby students and their tutors do not need to meet in an average class set up for learning to take place. The introduction of online classes across most schools in England has changed their system completely. On the other hand, Sierra Leone is a developing country. Most of the education is done manually.

 

Recommendations/suggestions:

Sierra Leone to embrace England’s higher education system.

 

Reference list:  

Carroll, J., & Ryan, J. (Eds.). (2007). Teaching international students: Improving learning for all. Routledge.

 

Wang, L. (2007). Education in Sierra Leone: Present challenges, future opportunities. World Bank Publications.

 

 

 

 

 

Section 2: Portfolio Evidence III

Summarising (suggested word count: 100, including notes)

Question: What are the similarities and differences between universities in England and Scotland in relation to tuition fees?

In order to answer that question you need to:

  1. Read the following texts.
  2. Make some notes of the most important points relevant to the question, using your own words (approx. 20-30 words each).
  3. Write your answer (no more than 50 words).

 

Text 1:

University fees in England

University tuition fees in England will rise to £9,250 per year from 2017 and the increase could apply to students who have already started courses. The inflation-linked rise represents a 2.8% increase and if that continued would mean fees rising above £10,000 in the next few years.  Universities face the dilemma that under consumer protection requirements they will need to announce the £9,250 fee before the beginning of the next application cycle in early September. However, until formally changed by Parliament, universities are not allowed to charge a fee higher than £9,000, which is the current limit.

The government says the increase can apply to students who have already begun courses – but this will depend on the terms of student contracts in individual universities.  The fees will increase in subsequent years. Royal Holloway and the University of Kent have to still to decide on whether to charge higher fees for current students, but expect to apply them to new students starting in 2017, if the fee limit increase goes ahead. The University of Surrey will not increase fees for its current undergraduates, but fees will increase each year for students starting in 2017.

Universities minister Jo Johnson has published a statement setting out plans to link higher fees to better teaching. Liberal Democrat university spokeswoman Baroness Lorely Burt said: “Linking fees to teaching quality in this way is unacceptable. Enabling any university that scrapes a ‘meet expectations’ rating to increase fees by 2.8% shows that this isn’t about teaching quality at all. If universities need further support then let’s have a proper discussion about where that money comes from, rather than pretending that this is somehow a quid pro quo for providing the quality of teaching students should already be able to expect”. Sir Peter Lampl, chairman of the Sutton Trust education charity, said the fee increase will add to student debts that we have shown to be by far the highest in the English-speaking world. A real concern is that the removal of maintenance grants will almost certainly deter poorer students, who now face debts of over £50,000 on graduation.

Text 2:

University fees in Scotland

For the Scottish government, free university tuition for Scottish students has been a mantra. First Minister Alex Salmond has said the “rocks would melt in the sun” before he’d contemplate introducing tuition fees. It is not just students from Scotland who get free tuition at Scotland’s 19 universities – under European law, students from other EU member states share the same entitlement.

However, students from other parts of the UK do not and Scottish universities charge them tuition fees. Because of European law, the Scottish government also has to provide free tuition at Scottish universities for students from other EU countries – but not for those from other parts of the UK. Essentially this is because it is possible to discriminate between students from different parts of an individual member state but not to discriminate against those from other parts of the EU.

The annual fees charged by Scottish universities to students from other parts of the UK are broadly similar to those charged by universities in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. For example in the coming year Glasgow will typically charge students £6,750 and Edinburgh charges £9,000.  It can still be more expensive for a student to study in Scotland, however, as the bulk of Scottish degrees typically take four years to complete rather than three.

Despite that, there are factors that can help mitigate this. First, monthly repayments are based on a graduate’s income rather than the size of their debt. So while a student who had paid four years’ worth of tuition fees would take longer to clear their debt they would be no worse off each month. Second, it is sometimes possible for students from other parts of the UK to get straight into the second year of Scottish courses depending on their A Level results. It’s also worth noting that some courses such as medicine, dentistry and engineering take more than three years to complete whether they are taught in England or Scotland so students wanting to study those subjects will be no worse off choosing a university in Scotland.

 

Notes (Text 1):

 

Tuition fees in England is high.

A student from England can join a university in Scotland and be able to continue with their studies comfortably

Tuition fee will increase per year as per the new rules

It takes three years for one to finish studies for a degree in England

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes (Text 2):

 

Tuition fee is free.

It takes four years in Scotland.

Universities in Scotland do not charge extra fee for foreign students

Although Scotland universities charge less, they take four years for one to complete a degree. The more time spent on studies causes more fees.

 

What are the similarities and differences between universities in England and Scotland in relation to tuition fees?

Similarities

Tuition fees both in Scotland and England is high. Although Scotland universities charge less, they take four years for one to complete a degree. The more time spent on studies causes more fees. Both embrace similar education system. A student from England can join a university in Scotland and be able to continue with their studies comfortably.

 

Differences

Differences

In England, tuition fee will increase per year while in Scotland tuition fee is free. It takes three years for one to finish studies for a degree in England while it takes four years in Scotland. Tuition fee in England is much higher compared to Scotland. Universities in Scotland do not charge extra fee for foreign students while England Universities do charge.

 

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Section 2: Portfolio Evidence IV

Paragraph structure (suggested word count: 300, including notes)

  • Complete the outline below for one of the paragraphs of your essay.
  • Write your paragraph.
  • You may ask for feedback and re-draft it.

 

My paragraph of choice

In conclusion, both countries have similarities and differences in their higher education system. The education system in England for instance is more developed due to improvement in technology. England embraces e-learning whereby students and their tutors do not need to meet in an average class set up for learning to take place. The introduction of online classes across most schools in England has changed their system completely. On the other hand, Sierra Leone is a developing country. Most of the education is done manually.

 

Claim 1

 

 

………………

 

The primary focus of this paragraph is to tell my readers what I have discussed in the body section of my essay. The paragraph concentrates on the main points of my essay but in a concluding format. The main importance of this section is to wrap the points together and allow my reader to understand my main point of focus.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Claim 2:

 

 

 

………………

 

 

In the above paragraph, I have focused on highlighting the major differences between higher education system of the England and Sierra Leon. I have shown that the type of education offered in England is better than that of Sierra Leon. The difference in the education system between the two countries is caused by the difference in economic autonomy. England is a first class nation. The country has already embraced the right technology. They have the required workforce to drive their education system. Sierra Leon, on the other hand, is developing Nation. Developing nations are usually affected by the poor economy. Their education, therefore, is affected because there is the lack of enough resources and human resources to run their studies. They are faced with challenges such as lack of enough teachers and school facilities.

Concluding remarks:

 

In this section. I have successfully explained the sentences in my paragraphs by giving enough claim. Paragraph structure involves giving claims and providing evidence to help the reader understand a written text.

 

 
 
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Section 2: Portfolio Evidence V

Essay self-assessment form (suggested word count: 100)

Complete this form before you submit your portfolio.

 

           

 

good evidence some evidence insufficient evidence
Essay Structure
A. Has a clear structure including an introduction; body paragraphs, conclusion & bibliography   YES  
B. Has a clear thesis statement that states their sub topics and position YES    
C. Has clear topic sentences in each main body paragraph YES    
D. Has features of an essay not a report, i.e. no headings, bullet points etc. YES    
Content
E. Has compared directly between the two countries in each paragraph YES    
F. Has commented on what we learn from the comparisons   YES  
G. Has included suitable background information in the introduction YES    
H. Has included a suitable summary and overall comment in the conclusion   YES  
I. Has written 750 words (+/- 10%) YES    
Use of Sources and Referencing
J. Has a minimum of 2 sources per paragraph YES    
K. Has in-text citations which follow Harvard style. E.g. (Coughlan, 2014) YES    
M. Has avoided plagiarism YES    

 

 

Use of English
N. Writes accurate sentences      
O. Spells and punctuates accurately      
P. Uses a range of language      
Q.. Writes in an appropriate academic style      

 

Things you have done well (approx. 50 words):

I have written the essay in a logical manner. My essay indicates the similarities and differences of
The education system in both countries. I have as well indicated what the government of Sierra
Leone is required to do in a bid to improve its education system. I have provided references to
Proof my claims. In the second section, I have illustrated the differences between higher education
System in England and Scotland. I have as well indicated the similarities.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

Things you need to work harder on (approx. 50 words):

I need to improve my research by providing more credible sources. In this research, I have
Provided only two resources. In section two, I need to improve on providing more similarities
And differences from a text. In the Essay part, I need to improve on giving more examples from
Both sides of my argument.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

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