Tuberculosis Transmission Among Healthcare Workers

Tuberculosis Transmission Among Healthcare Workers

Name of the student

Institution Affiliation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Introduction

The journal that was selected in this case was the BioMed Central Public Journal. The reason as to why this journal was chosen was based on the fact that this journal has been prepared by highly-qualified and experienced writers who have a wide range of experience in the field of medicine(Tudor et al., 2014). Therefore, by using this journal, there is a high possibility that the right information that is highly reliable will be utilized. The criteria to be used in submitting the journal will be based on the quality of the journal as well as the impact factor.

Abstract

  Tuberculosis Among Health Care Workers (HCW) in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

This research paper main title will be Tuberculosis Among Health Care Workers (HCW) in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. The reason as to why this title was used is based on the fact that there has been an increase in the number of tuberculosis cases among healthcare workers in KwaZulu hospitals(Tudor et al., 2014).

Research Steps/Problem Statement

The problem that this peer-reviewed journal aims to address is the increase in the number of tuberculosis transmission among healthcare workers in a hospital setting. Apart from this, another problem that this nursing journal has pinpointed and aims to address is the poor handling of patients who have tested positive for tuberculosis.

Purpose of the Project

The goal of the project is to address the reasons behind the increase in the number of nosocomial tuberculosis transmission among healthcare workers. Also, the project aims to devise ways of combating the never-ending increase of tuberculosis in hospitals among healthcare workers. Since the transmission of new tuberculosis cases leads to the devising of new modes of treatments, this project also aims at minimizing the costs incurred in the treatment procedures.

Research Questions

The initiation and implementation of this research is to address the increase in the number of TB cases among healthcare workers. With this in mind, this research project aims to ask, address, and answer the following questions.

-What is the main reason as to why the cases of TB transmission among healthcare workers is high?

-How can these cases of nosocomial transmissions be reduced?

-Among the health workers that attend to these patients, who are mostly affected? Is it nurses, laboratory technicians, or clinical officers?

-Is the transmission due to negligence or poor handling of patients?

-Among the affected patients, are there cases of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis?

-What is the level of mortality among the affected patients?

Hypothesis

With the main aim of this peer-reviewed journal been to formulate ways of minimizing the level of TB transmission in the hospitals or any medical-oriented facility, formulating a hypothesis is of the essence. This journal will be based on the notion that; when the right measures are put in place to address the topic at hand, there is a high possibility that the cases of TB transmission will be minimized accordingly.

Methodology

Research methodologies are usually grouped into quantitative and qualitative methods(Lewis-Beck, Bryman, & Liao, 2004). Both of these methods play a crucial role the overall collection and usage of data used for research purposes. In this journal, the methodology that has been used to gather information is quantitative methodology. The notion behind this argument can be based on the fact that, unlike qualitative methodology where data is collected through participant observation, the data gathered in this case has been done via data gathering and estimation. As a matter of fact, the researchers used chart reviews from three different hospitals as well as performed multivariate and bivariate analyses by using Poisson Multilevel mixed approach(Tudor et al., 2014).

Project Implementation Steps

For this project to identify the underlying problems and design ways of solving them, it will be of the essence to formulate a well-detailed guide that will help us in implementing the project. The implementation steps to be followed will be as follows;

Infrastructure Preparation

In this step, the methods and tools to be used to gather information will be assessed and grouped into different categories depending on their urgency.

Consult with the Hospital

Since the study mainly involves interacting with nurses, doctors, and patients in a hospital setting, it is evident that we will require permission to interview the medics and the patients. This will only be possible if the target hospital allows us to use their facility for information gathering purposes.

Staff Training

When it comes to gathering information, employing the right people to get the information is an important factor in any given research. In the case at hand, the group that will be mandated with gathering information will be trained so as to ensure that the required and accurate information has been obtained as requested.

Information and Data Gathering

With the staff members trained, the next step will be to gather information. This will be the most crucial stage since the information obtained from this step will be the determinant of the research outcome. Apart from this, the results obtained will be used to compile the final report.

Project Implementation

The final step will be the project implementation process. At this stage, all the steps mentioned above will be brought into one place and implemented one at a time. For example, it at this juncture that data gatherers will be sent out the target hospital to gather the information.

Results

A total of 1,313 medical charts were and documented. Out of this charts, a total of 112 charts were positive for TB. From these charts, a total of 112 healthcare workers (HCWs) were tested positive for TB. Thirty-six of them were cured while 13 of them succumbed to the disease. The remaining 33 were placed under medication.

From the results obtained, the majority of the infected patients had a history of working in TB admission wards. The incidence of tuberculosis was among health workers working in this prone environments was two-fold greater as compared to the rate of transmission in the general population. This basically confirmed that nosocomial tuberculosis transmission was a result of poor handling of patients especially those admitted to the wards.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Conclusion

Cases of tuberculosis transmission among medical personnel have been on the rise in the recent years. This form of increase has been attributed to various factors with the most common ones been negligence, poor handling of patients and the lack of proper education both on the patients and the medics side. From the information covered in this project, it is evident that if the right measures are put into place as recommended, the cases of tuberculosis transmission will be reduced. This project will have a positive impact on the overall hospital setting especially in hospitals that handle tuberculosis patients. As a matter of fact, more ways on how to address these patients will be devised. Apart from this, it will be easier for the medical staff to isolate multi-drug resistant tuberculosis-infected patients from those suffering from mild tuberculosis. The rate of mortality seen in HCWs will be minimized as well if this paper is to be adhered to accordingly.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

Lewis-Beck, M., Bryman, A., & Liao, T. (2004). The Sage encyclopedia of social science research methods (1st ed., p. 896). Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage.

Tudor, C., Van der Walt, M., Margot, B., Dorman, S., Pan, W., Yenokyan, G., & Farley, J. (2014). Tuberculosis among health care workers in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: a retrospective cohort analysis. BMC Public Health, 14(1). http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-891

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