Inquiry in health care

Inquiry in health care


            Obesity, weight issues and diseases pertaining to weight gain have been growing in young people over the past few years; the issues have grown due to the comfortable lifestyle and trend of consuming junk food on a regular basis rather than consuming healthy foods and exercising regularly. Today majority young people are suffering from cardiovascular diseases due to weight-issues (Greenhalgh, Bidewell, Crisp, Ambros & Warland, 2017). This paper includes research study pertaining to this subject matter and provides evidence regarding the experience people have in trying to lose weight or maintain it.

Judgment regarding the authors’ expertise, qualifications and affiliations

The authors of the research studies have provided a good amount of information regarding the weight issue that young girls face and the various diseases that they are prone to with respect to weight gain. The authors seem to be well equipped with information and analytical skills; this is because the hypothesis they have presented in both papers do provide evidence that can help in convincing people to improve their lifestyle and work with habits that are healthy for them rather than fetal. Moreover, the authors seem to be experienced in this field of study and the papers depict that the authors have previously worked with such cases which is why they have explained the effects of obesity and the ways to overcome them in detail. It can also be judged that they have previously been affiliated with cases involving weight loss, maintaining weight loss and weight gain.


Grounds for conflict of interest related to the authors of the paper and the study findings


The grounds for conflict of interest could exist in the authors of the two research papers on basis of a particular finding; one paper states that weight gain in young women causes cardiovascular problems for which it is necessary to follow a routine that promotes weight loss. Moreover, this paper about cardiovascular diseases also mandates that eating less and losing weight is necessary for the body. However, the other paper that is a qualitative weight-loss experience by BMC health focuses on the issues and experiences people have when trying to lose weight; people who are forced to lose weight become depressed and demotivated when changing their diet. Thus, weight loss seems to be a difficult target for them to achieve as they are not willing to change their lifestyle. The conflict of interest can occur here as one papers authors are promoting weight loss to make sure that no form of cardiovascular diseases develop in females while the other papers author describe how difficult the process of weight loss seems to people and the lack of motivation as well as psycho-social experiences that people face during it.


Research Aims

Research question, aims or hypothesis (if stated).

The study regarding weight loss experiences has various aims; it was done to find out the experience that people had who were told to lose weight and how their weight gain had effected them psychologically (Milton, Hoffman,  Bennett, Del Mar, 2013). The major objective was to focus on those participants who lost weight naturally without any form of clinical assistance and how the challenges they faced when achieving something as big as a weight loss transformation along with moving towards a healthy lifestyle.


Need for the Study

The need for this study was justified by first explaining the need for weight loss and the stages of weight loss in a natural way. Moreover, it was also explained how weight loss was portrayed as a difficult task but the reasons were not provided, so through this study, the aim was to know exactly why weight loss is a challenging task and the different factors that contribute in making it further challenging. With these factors being identified it would become simpler to plan and provide a way of losing weight for people.




The research methodology and methods used in the study

The methods used in this study were one to one interviews and frame-work analysis for understanding the data and deducing conclusions; these methods of research and analysis were primary forms as the data was collected by communicating directly with people who had experienced weight loss or were to experience weight loss. In both cases, the data collected solely included the experiences and difficulties that people faced in this process of transforming themselves. The frame work analysis method helped in evaluating the overall collected data from participant to participant and understand the differences as well as the similarities in experiences. Moreover, the meta theory was applied later to check for the validity of the collected and evaluated data before any conclusion was provided.


Justify why the methodology and methods were appropriate

The methods of study were quite appropriate for this research study and its aims; this is because the study was about experiences in weight loss and no person other than someone who had been through this phase could tell about it. The method of conducting face to face interviews with people in participating in the study was effective because it helped in get better results than any other method could. This is because interviews are a good form of communication method and are not time consuming as there are a limited number of questions ask that can be answered in a direct way making the overall data collection and research process simpler.


The participants in the research study

The participants chosen in the research study were of two groups; the overall sample size was 8 with half number of participants belonging to the group that had gone through weigh loss or were going through weight-loss while the other half belonged to the group of people who were on the path of maintaining their weight.




Conclusion answers the stated research question, aim or hypothesis

            The conclusion of this study does answer the aim and research questions that were initially put forward in this study; the aim was to find out the issues faced by people when trying to lose weight and the various pressures they undergo during this process. Moreover, the research question of this study was to know if weight loss is a difficult task or people just make excuses when conducting it; the conclusion quite well proved that weight loss was a difficult task as it not only demanded self-control, restrictions and refraining from things that a person desired to have but it also made people suffer from psycho-social and environmental pressures which were difficulty to tackle with. Moreover, the norm that people have regarding weight loss difficulties were mainly because of not eating was proved untrue in this case as people talked about other psychological and physical difficulties such as anxiety, depression, social pressures and physical conditions that made weight loss an extremely challenging and difficult process.




Part B


 Discuss how Leah’s personal circumstances may create a barrier for the application of evidence.

               Leah’s current situation explains that she is living an opposite lifestyle to what she had in her home town. As a person who used to go to the gym at least four times a week, Leah’s has completely stopped exercising after moving away from home. In Australia, she wants to spend most of her time in partying, socializing and traveling rather than focusing on her health and staying active through physical activity. Taking these two personal circumstances in consideration, the application of the evidence in the study would be difficult in Leah’s case. This is because Leah cannot just lose weight by eating healthy food; she needs to regularly do exercise to make sure her body remains active and her muscles remain strong (Richardson-Tench, Taylor,  Kermode,  & Roberts, 2016). The studies specifically provide evidence on the fact that weight loss is not just about eating healthy but also requires regular exercise and activities to make sure the muscles remain strong. There is also evidence regarding people who try to maintain weight that if they are exercising regularly and they stop their exercise routine due to any reason, their body will gain back the weight at a faster rate than usual. Moreover,  Leah’s drinking habit will also be a barrier to losing weight as alcohol causes abdominal fat to become stubborn. The studies state that consumption of alcohol in large amounts causes fat deposits to grow and become difficult to burn. Thus, Leah will have to change her personal habits in order to become fit and healthy. She will have to develop a new lifestyle and focus more on exercise while maintaining a balance with her other activities to make sure she loses weight as mentioned in the studies.


 Discuss how closely the research aligns with the PICO question.

Action Search Results Comparing to PICO
-study weight loss experiences


Search objective was to focus on those participants who lost weight naturally without any form of clinical assistance weight loss was a difficult task


research aligns quite well with the PICO question

– because healthy eating plays a major role in helping people stay fit

-find out the experience that people had who were told to lose weight and how their weight gain had effected them psychologically search was conducted on young people

-mainly females


demanded self-control, restrictions and refraining from things that a person desired to have but it also made people suffer from psycho-social and aligns with PICOs question as it also focuses on young people and females
  took healthy eating and exercise in consideration psychological and physical difficulties such as anxiety, depression, social pressures and physical conditions that made weight loss an extremely challenging and difficult process The research combines consuming healthy foods and also exercising regularly to overcome weight issues.  Both these areas can be used to answer PICO’s question.


             The research aligns quite well with the PICO question; this is because healthy eating does play a major role in helping people stay fit and in shape. By healthy eating it does not mean eating less, rather it means eating right and in acceptable quantity. Especially for young people, it becomes necessary to focus on food that includes mainly fruits and vegetables and eating healthy includes these two major foods that can help live a better life and reduce the chances of having diseases. Moreover, it also aligns with PICOs question on the fact that the research is also based on young people and so is the question; in case of young people it is difficult to refrain from junk food, parties and alcohol. However, the research emphasizes that from a young age only people should develop the habit of eating healthy and the lifestyle of staying fit. PICOs question primarily focuses on healthy food, however, it is also necessary to practice some form of physical activity at least three and at most five times a week to lose weight or maintain successful weight. The research combines the aspects of weight loss with respect to consuming healthy foods and also changing the lifestyle that includes exercising regularly.  With respect to both these areas, PICO’s question can be answered using the research conducted regarding weight-loss. The research is well aligned and can therefore be used as evidence to convince young individuals to improve their lifestyle and stay fit.


            The studies helped to determine the experience people had when trying to lose weight. The research proved that people struggle more when trying to lose weight due to social pressures, anxiety, self-control and depression phases which they encounter when trying to control their weight. Moreover, the studies also helped asses Leah’s issue and her personal lifestyle in Australia due to which she was gaining weight. The evidence in the studies was relatively good for recommending a change in lifestyle to Leah so she could become fit and healthy.













Greenhalgh, T.M., Bidewell, J., Crisp, E., Ambros, A., & Warland, J. (2017). Understanding research methods for evidence-based practice in health care.


Milton, Australia: Wiley. Hoffman, T., Bennett, S., Del Mar, C. (2013). Evidence-based practice across the health professions (2nd Ed.). Sydney, Australia: Churchill Livingstone/Elsevier.


Richardson-Tench, M., Taylor, B., Kermode, S., & Roberts, K. (2016). Inquiry in health care. South Melbourne, Australia: Cengage Learning.


Rogerson, D., Soltani, H., & Copeland, R. (2016). The weight-loss experience: A qualitative exploration. BMC Public Health, 16, 371, 1-12. Retrieved from: 5.pdf


Share, B.L., Naughton, G.A., Obert, P., Peat, J.K., Aumand, E.A., & Kemp, J.G. (2015). Effects of a multi-disciplinary lifestyle intervention on cardiometabolic risk factors in young women with abdominal obesity: A randomised controlled trial. PloS One, 10(6), 1-15.Retrieved from:


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