Employment laws protect the rights and duties of the employers and the workers. The employment law can also be termed as labor law where the primary rules are put to safeguard the workers against unfair treatment from the employers. More so there are also employment laws that protect the employer’s interest. These laws as based on state and federal Constitution, court opinions and administrative rules. A contract also governs some of the employment act among the employer and the employees. Whether an individual is entering the employment for the first time or may be recently terminated, there is the need to understand the right as the worker. Bothe the state and federal government have put in place various employment laws that protect the employees from unfair labor practices, discriminatory treatment, unsafe work condition and other unnecessary practices by employers. The employment laws start from interview time to when an individual is terminated. Employment law issues come when an employee is terminated or fired in the job with illegal reason. In such case the federal law it indicates that an employee cannot be terminated on the basis of gender, religion, ethnicity, race, age or disability. The employers who engage in such act may be faced with civil liability due to their wrongful termination (Moffatt, 2011).
The ban on such cases of discrimination can apply to firing and also to hiring and promotion decisions in employment. The state and federal laws protect the employees from various unfair labor practices. In such case, the employers must adhere to the hour and wage laws such as fair labor standards act indicating how long an employee work daily and the wages for those hours. The employees’ right protects also the family life of the individual such as medical and family leave act that grant the father an off duty to deal with illness or either welcoming a new born baby. The occupational health and safety administration act is another employment law that is administered in a workplace in providing the safe workplace for employees adhering to national safety standards. If the employer does not comply with this act is liable to fines and civil liability. The act also states the employee privacy act during work such as employer is not supposed to monitor employee personal telephone conversation or even car .An employment law attorney is another act that indicates if a loved one is engaged in employment law dispute an individual have the ability to consult an attorney. In such case, the employee has to choose the best lawyer to defend the case in the court of law. The lawyer must have experience in the labor and employment act due to the fact employment law are in a diverse area. The federal and state government has a place at will presumption employment labor law which indicates that the employer and employee can terminate the job at will. This can be done by showing each party entered into a contract or made promises on when the relationship will end. The employer also cannot fire an individual due to retaliation for compensation claims or whistle blowing of an illegal activity going on in an organization. The minority of state law also protect the employers from firing employees due to bad faith in reason to avoid paying benefit and bonus. The employment act would be a benefit to a close friend who was fired by the manager in a certain organization for revealing the bad transaction done by management and also not given paternity leave to welcome his newborn baby. Under this act, the friend will follow the labor law through a court of law to present the case.
Moffatt, J. (2011). Employment law. Oxford: Oxford University Press.