Ethics and Corporate Responsibility

Introduction

Ethics is vital in the workplace as it plays a critical role in motivating the staff members. The presence of standards at a place of work is crucial in making the environment favorable for the team due to the feeling of respect. Despite the fact that PharmaCare focuses on improving the livelihood of the people through the manufacture of the health products, their lack of ethical practices in the workplace tends to raise some questions regarding their objectives. The consideration of the interest of the stakeholders is vital in every work environment.

Stakeholders

The stakeholders form an essential part of the company whose interests are vital in ensuring the success of the organization. The stakeholders of the firm include the creditors, employees, shareholders, suppliers, customers, and the surrounding community where the business exists (Reinecke, Arnold & Palazzo, 2016). The primary stakeholders of Colberia include the CEO and its executives. Furthermore, the healers in their role of delivering their services to the firm make up an essential part of the company hence their consideration as stakeholders. However, there is the necessity for acknowledging the fact that despite the fact that the healers serve as an essential part of the company, the company continually exploits them through little compensations. The Rx drug stores and the consumers also serve form an important component of the business’s stakeholders. The various stakeholders of the firm significantly depend on the services of the healers who to some extent are exploited by the company extensively.

The symposium organized by PharmaCare in Canada played an essential role in bringing together a large number of delegates amounting to 200. The delegates represent a critical part of the company as they represent the primary stakeholder groups in the pharmaceutical industry in Canada. The representatives include those from the Health Industry, NonProfits, Rx Industry, Academia, and individuals from the public sector. The various groups of people at the symposium form the stakeholders of the company who are directly affected by the operations of the organization.

Human Rights

The human rights imply some of the freedom inherent in the human beings irrespective of their race, sex, nationality or any other status that differentiates them from others (Valentine & Godkin, 2016). The case of Colbario illustrates the extent to which there is the lack of respect for the human rights. For instance, the degree of exploitation of the residents despite the company making massive amounts of profits indicates that the firm and its management consider their interests at the expense of the individuals that work for them. The company exploits the healers and other workers through paying them minimal wages amounting to $1, which is not proportional to the amount of work, performed.

The extent of exploitation and selfishness amongst the management of the company is evident in the variance in their lifestyles whereby their workers live on low wages in poorly developed houses while the administration of the company lives in good houses. The international rights laws usually list the obligations expected of business in their operations in foreign countries. The laws play a critical role in the protection of the rights of the citizens from unnecessary exploitation besides promoting and ensuring the protection of the human rights and freedoms (Werner & Lim, 2016).

The company, for instance, decides to exploit the residents by paying them low wages despite the healers being the vital component of the enterprise. The exploitation entails taking advantage of the status of the people as they are characterized by poverty. There is thus the need for PaharmaCare to adopt certain changes as a way of ensuring that their practices are ethical. The methods include increasing the wages of their workers, provision of transport systems for their employees and participating in the development of schools for serving the people.

Raising the salaries of the citizens is vital in ensuring that their earnings are proportional to the work that they perform. Additionally, the provision of means of transport to the Colborians is essential in ensuring that the people are not overworked through having them bear the weight of heavy loads over longer distances. Providing restoration of the affected environment through replanting and letting the soil idle for some time is a vital step towards conservation of the environment. Building the schools for the community members is a proper way of being mindful of the interests of the community members in the neighborhood of the company. The schools are vital in equipping the people with the skills that are necessary in running the operations of the company hence shifting the work positions of the people from being mere laborers to having some of the highly regarded positions in the enterprise. Furthermore, the schools are essential in equipping the Colborians with the necessary skills for holding some of the lucrative posts in other careers.

Environment

The various companies in their operations are obligated to take care of the environment through compliance with the environmental laws of the country in which they operate. The compliance to the environmental laws by PharmaCare is questionable due to the role that they played in lobbying for the elimination of some of the environmental laws rather than providing the necessary support. Furthermore, PharmaCare claim to care about the environment through supporting the various programs, which is not true as the organization, tend to exploit the environment significantly through the elimination of the habitats of wild animals. Despite the fact that the plants used in making the health products play an essential role in improving the livelihood of the people, the company makes little effort to ensure replanting of the harvested plants.

Ethics

PharmaCare considers themselves ethical in their practice that is not true. The unethical nature of the company is evident in numerous instances that include the exploitation of the healers through paying them low wages and overworking the people. Additionally, despite the functionality of the company depending on the operations of the healers and other workers from Colberia, the company puts little effort towards recognizing the efforts presented by these people.

The company exercises Utilitarianism ethics that is characterized by the belief that an act is considered morally right if it contributes to the assistance of a vast number of individuals. The exercise of utilitarianism by the company is evident in the action of the company believing that the exploitation of the healers is not wrong and the plants harvested are vital in improving the health a large number of people. The company, therefore, exploits the healers and destroys the environment at the expense of delivering health products to other people. The concept of utilitarianism is thus evident in the fact that the company believes that it is ethical to sacrifice the interests of a few individuals at the expense of ensuring greater good for the humankind.

The fact that deontology tends to focus on duty illustrates the existing difference with utilitarianism. Deontology refers to the normative theories characterized by making of moral choices. Deontology, therefore, is a component of the group of ethical theories, which play a critical role in the provision of guidance, and is vital in the assessment of the choices that individuals ought to take. PharmaCare believes that it has the duty of providing the health products that play a significant role in saving the lives of people.

The company believes that they are right to exploit the people from the third world country at the expense of saving lives through the medicine that they develop. The practice embraced by the company makes it appear as though the act of the healers of sacrificing their lives through enduring exploitation is for the greater good. The company as well invokes the feeling that it is the responsibility of the people to engage in the destruction of their environment for the sake of helping PharmaCare improve the lives of others through the development of the cures.

Judging PharmaCare based on the virtue ethics necessitates the interpretation of the opinion of the indigenous persons regarding their exploitation by the company. The view of the people is vital as to some extent what looks wrong to someone else may look good to the other. The virtue ethics is a major approach in the normative ethics that emphasizes on the virtues or the moral character rather than emphasizing on the rules or duties (Torres, 2015). Despite the fact that PharmaCare provides employment to the people and gives wages, ethically the company exploits the people as the fees are not proportional to the amount of work that the people perform for the enterprise.

Ethics of care form an essential part of the normative ethical theory that tends to relate to the virtue ethics. The standards of care consider the family as the vital sphere of morality that plays an important role in guiding individuals in the cultivation of their characters (Doh, Husted & Yang, 2016). The care ethics, therefore, helps in the interpretation of the extent to which PharmaCare exhibit their care for the citizens of Colbioria and the people that they heal with the medicines that they develop. Despite the exploitation of the people, the company is guided by good intentions of improving the livelihood of the people through healing them.

The development of personal ethical compass necessitates the acquisition of knowledge regarding what is considered right in the society. There is the necessity for questioning oneself at the end of every day on the practices or decisions that one engages in and their impact on others. Asking oneself the questions on the morality of their decisions or actions is vital in ensuring the effectiveness of the moral compass.

PharmaCare and Monsato 

Monsato is a company that focuses on the production of genetically modified agricultural products. The practices of both companies tend to exhibit similarities as both pay little attention to the impact that their activities have on the environment. For instance, Monsato is famous for the creation of weed killer herbicide that is poisonous to individuals and damaging to the ecology. The company also engages in unethical practices through the exploitation of possible competitors in the industry that engages in ethical farming. For instance, the company decided to sue the farmers that participate in ethical practices to serve their interests through having the farmers incur extra costs in the form of expenses associated with the lawsuit.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

Doh, J., Husted, B. W., & Yang, X. (2016). Guest Editors’ Introduction: Ethics, Corporate Social Responsibility, and Developing Country Multinationals. Business Ethics Quarterly26(3), 301-315. doi:10.1017/beq.2016.40

Reinecke, J., Arnold, D. G., & Palazzo, G. (2016). Qualitative Methods in Business Ethics, Corporate Responsibility, and Sustainability Research. Business Ethics Quarterly26(4), xiii-xxii. doi:10.1017/beq.2016.67

Torres, D. L. (2015). Sticky Ethics, Innovation, and Corporate Responsibility. SAM Advanced Management Journal (07497075)80(3), 12-22.

Valentine, S., & Godkin, L. (2016). Ethics policies, perceived social responsibility, and positive work attitude. Irish Journal of Management35(2), 114-128. doi:10.1515/ijm-2016-0013

Werner, A., & Lim, M. (2016). The Ethics of the Living Wage: A Review and Research Agenda. Journal of Business Ethics137(3), 433-447. doi:10.1007/s10551-015-2562-z

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