Density of Aluminum and the Thickness of A thin Aluminum Sheet

Student name




Experiment number 2: Density of Aluminum and the Thickness of Thin Aluminum Sheet


The objective of this experiment is to determine the density of aluminum, show practical applications of density by calculating the thickness of a thin aluminum foil and show practical application of significant figures and laboratory skills.

Part I


Density is a property of a substance thus it can be used to identify a particular substance (Jensen 45). Density is a measure of how tightly packed particles are in matter by using the ration of mass to volume; mass and volume are related direct proportion (Mahan 20, Kalpakjian and scmid 13). Density is determined using the formula:

Where M is the mass while V is the volume

In this experiment, the masses and volumes of 3 samples of aluminum will be determined and be used to determine the density of aluminum. The density of the aluminum will be used to determine the thickness of the aluminum foil in the second part of the experiment.



3 aluminum samples

25ml graduated cylinder


Weighing boats


3 aluminum samples were obtained: 1 aluminum shot and 2 aluminum bars

The scale was zeroed

The sample was placed on the weighing scale and the mass was recorded

The volume of the bar was determined using the formula Length (L)*Width (W)*Height (H) measured using a caliper

The volume of the shot was determine using the water displacement method

The volume of the second bar was determined using the L*W*H method

The value of the density of the 3 samples was calculated using the formula:


The value of the densities was then averaged.

Data and Observations

Volume of the bars

Sample Length L (cm) Width W (cm) Height H (cm) Volume (cm3)


1 76.2 6.2 25.3 19.95275
2 5 1.2 2.5 15.00000


Volume of the Aluminum shot

67mL – 50mL = 17mL

Sample Mass (g) Volume (V) Density (g/cm3)
Aluminum bar 1 32.779 11.95275 2.74238
Aluminum bar 2 44.676 15.00000 2.97840
Aluminum shot 46.140 17.00000 2.71411


Rounded off average density = 2.8 g/cm3

Part II


In science we use both large and small numbers at the same time. The laboratory tools available are not suitable for measuring the thickness of an aluminum foil. However, the volume of a regular object can be calculated using the formula:

Taking the height (h) to be the thickness (T) of the foil, therefore:

Using the density formula we get the volume formula

The aluminum foil can be measured to get its mass and used the density obtained from part I.


Balance, centimeter ruler, 4 sheets of aluminum foil, data table and a calculator


A data table was made to include all the necessary data

A large aluminum foil was cut into 4 pieces with 900 edges

The length and width of each piece was measured and recorded

The mass of each piece was measured and recorded

Calculations were made


Sheet Number Area Volume Thickness












Works cited

Mahan, Gerald D. Many-particle physics. Springer Science & Business Media, 2013.

Jensen, Frank. Introduction to computational chemistry. John wiley & sons, 2017.

Kalpakjian, Serope, and Steven R. Schmid. Manufacturing engineering and technology. Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA: Pearson, 2014.


City Of Quartz”


The story of Los Angeles is mostly about cut edging – California only or visions for the future. Mike Davis explored what he called “The post-modernity bad edge” in a city that has escaped not only itself but also its consequences in imitation histories and myths. Sunshine or Noir? Is the question he asks in the first chapter of the book.The query regard the quality of life of residents of Los Angeles (L.A). His naming of the first chapter was meant to position Los Angeles (L.A) as a fiction and an architectonic space and a collection of material practices by comparing dominant groups’ boosterism with the city narratives of noir, gangster rap and the Frankfurt school (Davis, 1990, P.82).

The city set the mode of its development through its foundation as a real state capitalism creature. It promised oil, and sunny beaches as well as the romanticized “mission myth,” a picture described by the boosters but destroyed and made cynical by debunkers and the noirs respectively. Davis, (Davis, 1990. P.17) introduced us to a city covered by its waste as well as an area damaged by capitalism contradictions – social stratification, greed, overproduction, gentrification, religious revivalism, ignorance of the environment, and political chicanery. Mr Davis meant to position L.A as bright, hard and opaque. Opinions about the town can fall under two virtual subdivisions – day and night views. The night watchers usually celebrate the city’s long-term pale yellow stream of light, flowing over a lacework of streets and subways, as a symbol of accomplishment by the humanity. Historian Kevin Starr leads this school of thought in his “Material Dreams.” He showed how “boosters” or early leaders in L.A changed a desert into a world-class city with just dreams daring executions (Davis, 1990, P.25). Fortunately, Mr Davis wants the readers also to view L.A in a less flattering daylight, when those streams fade to uncover symbols of problems ranging from snarled traffic to isolated automobiles. Traffic is due to political establishment dominated by developers that have set peoples’ focus on the short-term gains while isolated cars arises from separating ethnicities and classes in a city with increasingly scarce public space (Davis, 1990, P.36)


According to Davis sunshine represented the ideas promoted by real estate developers in the early twentieth century (Davis, 1990, P.24). These boosters had an optimistic view of L.A. They made the city resemble a white new haven. The excellent working conditions, bungalows, and sunny beaches comprised the dream of a utopian society portrayed by the boosters. Davis (Davis, 1990, 26) asserts that the dream was a “romantic myth” made to entice the retired farmers, wealthy spinsters, stock speculators, Chautauqua devotees, small-town dentists, tubercular schoolteachers, and Iowa lawyers. These  group of persons transferred their small fortunes and savings to real estate in southern California. The massive wealth flow between regions created population, consumption, and income structures out of all proportion to L.A’s actual production base. L.A became the only postindustrial city in a pre-industrial stage. It seemed to have developed reversely from such a perspective (Davis, 1990, P.35)

Besides, the debunkers did an excellent job depicting what L.A was to the middle working class residents. Street transport lockouts and violent metal trade strikes were used to deconstruct unions. The city realized a glimpse of a happy working class when immigrants from Europe arrived. The violence and brutality of the upper class had sent the average working class to a state of desperation. Also, debunkers looked at L.A’s culture or its absence. According to (Davis, 1990, P.34),   Alfred Doeblin viewed Hollywood as more of a murderous area desolate of houses. The residents hardly mentioned or discussed the eighteen-fifties and sixties genocide of natives. The southern California sunshine blinded all different cultures, and the residents could not see or understand the poor conditions unless the experienced such conditions for themselves.


The noirs portray a cynical scene in that; they turned everything advertised by the boosters to a sinister equivalent (Davis, 1990, 36). Davis points out clearly that the dystopian revulsion that fueled L.A’s growth became a traditional approach during the Depression due to its anchorage on middle class’s despair whose savings sunk in oil speculations and real estate. He offers a dark and oppressive life picture in a tough, hardhearted L.A where the elite crushes the poor, public space fortresses, whites exploit other races, police abuse the residents, and pollution, urban decay, and traffic conquer all (Davis, 1990, 44). Noir could change anything from positive to negative. Davis starts the discourse on noirs by quoting Louis Adamic who says that L.A looks nice from mount Hollywood but is a jungle. He sees the city as a dangerous place comprising of old dying populace, wild and poisonous plants as well as fake science and decadent religious cults (Davis, 1990, 17).  Besides, beginning in 1934, a succession of novels repainted LA’s image from a golden land of fresh start and opportunity to a deracinated urban hell. The marathon dance hall in Horace McCoy’s book became a virtual death camp for the souls lost during the Depression. In the nineteen thirty-six Double Indemnity and the nineteen forty-one Mildred Pierce evoked poisoned bungalows. Also, the climate especially the Santa Ana winds inspired by “earthquake weather” was increasingly eerie with some individual suggesting that there were ladies in the lakes. In Didion (1936), a debate on rattlesnakes’ ability to swim confirms the negativity in many L.A residents.

L.A came to define its history via the noir imagery (Davis, 1990, 36). Noir emphasized on economic self-interest rather than psychology meaning a possible subdivision of the city to between the idle or lazy rich and the productive middle classes. Also, there was subversion or alteration of gender roles in noir that presented women as dangerous, scheming, and sexually promiscuous.

Relationship between Sunshine and Noirs

Both of the two competing poles are real forces in the capitalist structure of L.A.  They have forced the city to play two roles in advanced capitalism – utopia and dystopia – leading to race and class warfare as well as a confrontation between international and national forces by both the powerless and powerful. Consequently, the two roles subject the city to two competing mythographies – its heaven and its hell (Davis, 1990, P.19).

The dark side of southern California is its existence in a peculiar tension between the built environment and the underlying elemental landscape. Earthquakes, fires, and floods depict the tenuous life in southern California. McPhee (1988) asserts that it is not clear which side loses concerning L.A and the mountains. The city’s inhabitants must adapt to weather changes and rains that lead to debris flow causing havoc in the city. Frequent debris flows causes havoc in the city. Also, whenever the Santa Ana winds blow, physicians here about nausea, allergies, headaches, nervousness and depression. According to Didion, (1968) L.A is a disrupted world because Santa Ana represents disruption. The unpredictability and violence of influence the quality of life in L.A and that every person in the city should accentuate its unreliability and impermanence (Garcia, 2010).

Much of the city’s early developments came from population and capital flows from the Midwest – a structure of the Southern California boom promoted by savings of the middle class – ensured a circle of bankruptcy and crisis for small developers, small businesspeople and retired farmers. (Davis, 1990, 29) offers a dark and oppressive life picture in a tough, hardhearted L.A where the elite crushes the poor, public space fortresses, whites exploit other races, police abuse the residents, and pollution, urban decay, and traffic conquer all.

There were less urbanity and more hardship in L.A that the ruling elites packaged into false hope. The relocation of early natives to Mexico was a romantic myth whereby workers enjoyed healthy working relationships with their “benevolent” employers. The tale attracted people worldwide to the city. Nonetheless, L.A was the perfect location for the wealthy minority. It provided the sunshine, the Spanish architecture, and the ocean. What else could the elites want? But, for those individuals without money or resources, the city was a murderous land without houses (Davis, 1990, 47).

In conclusion, the multiple facets of L.A lack perfect cut, clarity and color. McWilliams (19446) sees L.A as a gigantic improvisation – a city that has imported virtually everything, from people to architecture.  The climate, diversity, economic zest, and scenery made L.A to be the fastest growing city worldwide. However, a dark past underlies the tony residential enclaves.









Davis, M. (1990). City of Quartz: Excavating the Future in Los Angeles.  Verso Books.

Didion, J. (1968). Los Angeles Notebook. Slouching Towards Bethlehem, 220.

Garcia, M. (2010). A World of Its Own: Race, Labor, and Citrus in the Making of Greater Los Angeles, 1900-1970. UNC Press Books.

McPhee, J. A. (1988). The control of nature: Los Angeles against the mountains. New Yorker Magazine, Incorporated.

McWilliams, C. (1946). Southern California: An island on the land. Gibbs Smith.



Effectiveness and Importance of Regulatory Policies in Hazard Mitigation

Emergency management and preparedness is a crucial aspect that provides the required assistance after a calamity occurs but to some people, it may be unnecessary hence oppose it in later phases of its life cycle. The emergency regulatory policies provide the advantage to relay regulations that control the emergency management plans. The regulatory laws assist in evading plans and actions that may arouse opposition from a certain party or maybe oppress some other people(Wallace, Michael, Webber, & Lawrence, 2011). The stakeholders (citizens and business people) are the primary consideration while a state organ drafts an emergency regulation policy. Before settling on a conclusion pertaining a bill, the emergency managers of the state have to actively involve the citizens, entrepreneurs and other stakeholders of the laws agree with the rules.

Between regulatory and distributive policies, the latter has proven to the most effective as it features land use and construction codes control as well as the cost associated with the control. While distributive policy favors a particular population of individuals in disaster management, the regulatory policy mostly highlights the natural resource conservation and without favoring any population and that is the reason it faces opposition from the people who could have benefited in the absence of the policy. The regulatory policy considers all parties involved regardless of their socioeconomic status and hence the reason it faces opposition (FEMA, 2014).

The regulatory policy also proves to be the most efficient as it highly considers the natural resources and their benefit in disaster management and recovery. Exploitation of natural resources such as islands and forests may lead to the occurrence of natural calamities such as hurricanes and floods.          The regulatory policy chips in to ensure there is the protection of such natural resources to prevent and occurrence of future disasters. While businesspeople may want to exploit such resources (land, forest, islands, and water banks) for economic purposes, the policy prohibits them from such activities (Wallace, Michael, Webber, & Lawrence, 2011).

As portrayed by FEMA (2014), my opinion concerning the implementation and use of regulatory policy perseveres among other policies ever drafted such as distributive policy. The policy strictly adheres to rights and laws; it protects the natural resources and gives equal treatment to all individuals regardless of their social class or economic status. The policy is a good thing as it aims at curbing and reducing long term effects in hazard mitigation rather than the short term. Considering that all human beings and other natural resources are considered and taken into consideration concerning hazard aversion, prevention and disaster recovery, the regulatory policy stands out to be one among the best policies made for hazard mitigation.



With the consideration of all parties that are involved regardless of socioeconomic status, the regulatory policy works to the benefits of the general public and also natural conservation. Although faced with a lot of opposition, the policy ensures equality among all individual without favoring a particular set. Natural resources play a crucial role in prevention, preparedness, and recovery from disasters that face residents of a certain jurisdiction. Departmental agencies then have to plot plans that are in liaison with the legal issues stipulated in regulatory policies to govern their activities and prevent exploitation and oppression of the residents in the community setting (FEMA, 2014). It is then clear that among all the policies in operation concerning disaster management and prevention, regulatory policy stands to be a good policy and assures equality on all aspects associated with hazard mitigation.

Discussion question: How can technology be incorporated in hazard mitigation and regulatory policy implementation?




FEMA. (2014, May 21). chapter 2: emergency management stakeholders. Retrieved from

Wallace, Michael, Webber, & Lawrence. (2011). the disaster recоverу handbook (2011 ed., pp. 101-121). Retrieved from


National Cinema in Australia

Topic: what is Australian national cinema?

The conversation around the contributions of Non-Anglo Australian film spectrum is undoubtedly and admittedly enthralling and fascinating. The debate casts into spotlight fundamental issues that have a net bearing on the perceptions that shape the national identity (Sarwal et al., 2009). The discussion is woven around the racial inclinations of certain characters in the 90s as well as the roles assigned to them in those particular movies. More importantly, a question is thrown around on the motivations of producers of such films and whether the racial identities of characters had any significant role to play in the producer’s decisions to assign them such roles. At the heart of these endeavors is a noble effort to promote and exalt the place occupied by diversity in cultures in the Australian film arena (Goldsmith, 2011).

There are competing and conflicting narratives and positions, however. There are those that are inclined to the school of thought that in fact the roles assigned to characters of Non- Anglo Australian culture constitute bias and contempt for these cultures. That role assigned to actors from cultures such as the Aboriginal People are packaged to promote White nationalism and superiority.

General Understanding of the Cinema

There are popular sentiments that there has been an increasing diversity in the Australian film industry in the last two and a half decades (Khoo, 2011). That today people from the different ethnic composition are increasingly getting involved in film work in Australia. This notion is true but what is also factual is that there must have been some incidences that, some breakthroughs in the film industry that has made it possible for different cultures to participate. The filming of movies by producers from cultures outside the Anglo-Australian bracket, for example, The Heart Break Kid as well as featuring of actors from non-Anglo-Australian Cultural formations was one such crucial event (Acquilia, 2015). That this set the stage for other players to throw their hand in the ring of the film industry with their work increasingly featuring themes outside Anglo-Australian culture.

Secondly, increasing phenomenon of multi-cultural films has gone a long way in shaping people’s perception, comprehension, and acceptability as well as opinions about emerging cultures concerning race or sexual orientation. This is explained by the trend where players create story lines and assign characters’ roles that bring about issues about these salient issues in the Australian society today. For example, same sex marriages, marginalization along gender and other such ethnic considerations have been sufficiently canvassed in some productions. This is depicted by the wide success and acclamation given to a film like Heads On. In the film, issues spoken to elicited a positive reaction from the audience who identified with the themes highlighted therein. Such is the extent to which cultural diversity consciousness has been cultivated and enriched through cinematography.

In the same accord, these movies have showcased critical aspects of cultural integration. They showcase the struggles that peoples from across the cultural divide put up with to reconcile the cultural divides. A good example is to be found in the movie Heads on where characters canvass and expose perceptions and attitudes from across the cultures. For instance, the actor in the film, Ari is forced to deny his Greek roots due to intimidation and phobia by an individual insensitive to homosexuality (Acquilia, 2001). He becomes susceptible to this intimidation at first but then can overcome it after being challenged and encouraged by a person who shares his cultural identity, a Greek-Australian. All these experiences play a pivotal role in shaping a multicultural national identity.

Thirdly, for cultural diversity to take root, it must be augmented and anchored on a strong policy orientation and framework. It is observed that increased activity centered on multiculturalism in the cinematography space was to a considerable extent supported by an enabling policy framework. For example, the Multiculturalism Policy encouraged an increase in the proportion of cinematography work with multi-cultural inclinations, settings, and themes (Acquilia, 2001). This also set the stage for this practice to take root and scale greater heights while bringing new experiences (Pinto, 2015) to the industry and the Australian citizenry at large.

Contending Views

As initially pointed out, there are contending views as to whether the film industry has contributed to building a national identity predicated on multiculturalism (Goldsmith, 20110. One such outstanding view rests in the discussions that characters and roles assigned to actors from non Anglo-Australian culture are choreographed to promote white nationalism fantasy. Here examples are given which show that Anglo-Australian characters as bequeathed roles that depict them as superior. Those actors outside Anglo-Australianculture play roles that are designed to bring out Anglo-Australians as superior and the others less superior. It is this designing that those who subscribe to this school of thought find as a deliberate effort to continue promoting the fantasy of white culture (Khoo, 2011). A mode damning allegation from this school of thought is to be found in Hague’s criticism where he accuses white multiculturalists as riding on the roles by actors from other cultural formations as tools for their national will. He avers that these characters contrary to other opinions are indeed objectified. And that this in no way promotes the expansion of Australian national identity through film.

Second, despite the multiculturalism policy to promote cross-cultural films, the number of a film works not targeting Anglo-Australian themes does not meet the proportions envisaged in the policy. Movies with multicultural dimensions are of less popular genres such as allegories. These genres impact on re-orienting the national identity is put into question. (Sarwal et al., 2009).

Third, is acknowledged that movies with multicultural orientation do not attract necessary resources that can support such works. This is a challenge as it impacts directly to the number of works produced by the industry. The net effect is that there will be far less contribution of multicultural works in the national identity discourse (Acquilia, 2001).

From the discussions here above, the film Lucky Miles in a way mirrors some sentiments propounded. To begin with, from the scene where the Asians were looking for refugee status in Australia, the woman operating a bar in the desert welcomes them and seems to have given them the impression that she identifies with their challenges and she was ready to help them. However, she goes on to tell on them to the police showcasing the inherent suspicions she has for the same due to their identities. It also shows the daunting task of reconciling the diverse cultures in the Australian Film Industry.




Aquilia, P. (2001). Wog drama and ‘white multiculturalists’: The role of non Anglo‐Australian film and television drama in shaping a national identity. Journal of Australian Studies25(67), 103-108.

Goldsmith, B. (2010). Outward-looking Australian cinema. Studies in Australasian Cinema4(3), 199-214.

Khoo, O. (2011). Australian cinema up in the air: Post-national identities and Peter Duncan’s Unfinished Sky. Continuum25(4), 547-558.

Pinto, S. (2015). Unsettling the revival: Australian historical film as national critique. The fiction of history, 118-129.

Sarwal, A., & Sarwal, R. (Eds.). (2009). Creative nation: Australian cinema and cultural studies reader. SSS Publications.



Macro Level Services

Macro Level Services

Macro-level services in the society entail the establishment of the social interventions with positive implications in the community, federal State as well as at the national level vital in solving co-occurring disorders (Netting et al., 2016). These services are essential in treating clients diagnosed co-occurring disorders based on political landscape, norms, expectations policies, legislation amongst other service offerings.

In a political landscape, the federal government has invested much to address co-occurring disorders by allocating funds and facilitating training of officers at the Justice Criminal levels. This is not only done in one State, as it covers every region making it a global practice. In this context, a client must be examined by the trained staff to verify their release warranty. Nonetheless, the society dominated by residents has established norms and expectations which a client released have to adhere to for survival. For instance, ethical decision-making process on drug abuse helps rehabilitate the client in their attempt to meet the societal expectations. The federal government has policies and legislation on co-occurring disorders that are used to coordinate activities in bodies such as Center for Substance Abuse Treatment to assist the affected individuals in the society. These features are critical in addressing the client’s health as well as a mental state upon release.

Inadequate collaboration and lack of relevant resources are amongst the main factors that might negatively affect the service offerings necessary to support the client. Therefore, treating this client in a macro level service perspective entails the integration of several policies that demand resources due to co-occurring disorders. For instance, the demographics medical as well as health educative approaches are critical in finding appropriate ways of solving the mental incapabilities affecting this client (Netting et al., 2016).

Some of the examples of local, national and global level policies for a client with the co-occurring disorder as well as criminal background include ensuring such individual does a routine screening in a criminal justice setting. Locally, there are standards set as well as facilities used to ensure the relevant course of action regarding the incarcerated criminals. Heath records are maintained at national levels for effectiveness in screening by the agencies involved in the assessment process. Globally, staffs responsible for co-occurring disorders are trained on specific issues to investigate when faced with such clients.


















Netting, F. E., Kettner, P. M., McMurtry, S. L., & Thomas, M. L. (2016). Social work macro practice. Pearson.







Total Compensation Package









Total Compensation Package






Total Compensation Package

After conducting the hiring and recruiting process, organizations often come up with an employee compensation and benefits package. The same case applies here at Tesla Motors where we provide comprehensive employee benefits package with an aim of attracting and retaining employees. Moreover, we develop an employee compensation and benefits package, which is a separate entity from the salary package as a standard measure because it is an expected part of the total compensation package and the employees are usually aware of it once they get hired by the organization.

As an organization that engages highly in production and assembly of cars, motor products and spare parts, employees enjoy the economies of scale due to the large size of the firm. The organization gives extensive benefits package to both the junior and the senior employees. The employee compensation and benefits package was developed at the time the organization was growing and is adjusted as the labor market changes as well as the prevailing market production conditions. The aim is to create an equilibrium where Tesla Motors benefits from the employees and in offering the packages as well the employees enjoy by getting the benefits. Therefore, as a human resource department secretary, the employee compensation and benefits package has to be in line with the budget of the organization, its goals and objectives as well as the employees agreement in the work contracts (Sims, 2016).

Health insurance package

This is the most fundamental benefits package that employees want and at the same time need. Due to the nature of physical work that most employees engage in while in Tesla Motors, health insurance packages offer a selection of choice in which the employee can choose an individual health insurance, which is free or a family health insurance, which comes at a subsidized cost.

Paid time off from work

We understand the intensity and demand of work input at Tesla Motors, which is why we allow employees to go for holiday or vacation twice a year. Additionally, there is no comprehensive employee package that would be complete without the employee getting paid time off from work (Harrison, 2012). The days are varied and account up to 60 fays. It is the choice of the employee to select on how to utilize the off days as they are paid for.

Other benefits under this package include paid sick days, paid holidays, bereavement leave, paid vacation days as well as paid personal days.

Short-term disability insurance benefits

The nature of work at the assembly and production plants at Tesla Motors is understood to be risky despite the fact that organization has worked to surpass the labor requirements in ensuring a safe working environment for the employees. However, upon the occurrence of an accident that leads to a short-term disability, the organization ensures there is insurance that provides the employee with a percentage of income even if they are unable to work, due to a disabling injury or a form of sickness (Williams, 2014).

Long-term disability insurance benefits

The long-term disability insurance (LTD) plan and policy under Tesla Motors ensures that an employee who get sick or injured in the line of duty gets compensation for a period of up to two and a half years. Additionally, the organization approximates that due to the nature of work, one out ten employees is bound to get long-term injuries in a period of three years.




Harrison, R. (2012). Employee Development. New York : Orient BlackSwan Publishers .

Sims, R. (2016). Human Resource Management: Contemporary Issues, Challenges, and Opportunities. New York : Information Age Publishers.

Williams, R. (2014). Managing Employee Performance: Design and Implementation in Organizations. New York : Cengage Learning.


Descriptive essay (memory)








Descriptive essay (memory)












Descriptive essay (memory)

Memories in life primary serve the role to entertain, teach and reflect our past. Not very often do people have memories to talk about their day-by-day encounters, unless something unusual or an extraordinary event occurs. I can be deemed memorable and one of the remarkable events in an individual’s life. This occurrence I do term as the most important life event I have ever experienced in my life, did not even happen to myself. Instead, this event happened to my little brother, Elijah. The primary reasons as to why I have to write about his life is because of some of the things he has experienced as well as the actions he has done in the past that did have tremendous effect on my life and the entire family. Elijah’s life use to be filed with drugs, lies, laziness and stealing. My family had never enjoyed any single moment with Elijah present in the compound.

The entire story begun at one point with my younger brother, innocent, self-conscious, and very shy boy did not could not find it very comfortable to fit well in our family. He was 16 of age, chubby with very limited number of friends from within out locality of residence. At one point, Elijah’s real friend and classmate John introduced him to a 20 year old boy by the name Clara. Elijah and Clara did hit it quite very well from the beginning and started making visits on a regular basis. The two went out on a day, had fun without anybody in the family knowing about where Elijah had gone.

My mother then later developed a subconscious felling that John knew where Elijah had gone. She tried to inquire about it but with no productive response which in reality was not the true story at all. During that time, I had gone to visit my aunt Jane. A week went by, still enjoying the stay with my aunt as I was free from the daily duties and instruction that I did routinely get from my parents. Since that day I fought my brother Elijah, it had not taken that long and so took a day extra for things to cool down at home. Upon my return, I expected a warm welcome with a lot of greeting from dining door, instead, to realize that my parents and younger sister Mitchel were headed to the car.  Full of curiosity, I proceeded directly to inquire from my mother what the whole story was all about and she immediately replied “Three hours ago Elijah confessed that for the past year, he has been doing heroin.” In deed my heart sunk. At first, I never took the sentence serious. He was taken to a rehab under monitor of my parents. On the same note, I went to my room, cried the rest of the day, just wondering that Elijah my beloved brother was under serious drug influence.

To my surprise, it did not take long before Elijah and my parents were back into the compound. The surprising report was that psychologists at the rehab has actually turned down my parents’ option to take Elijah into a rehab, claiming that he was aged above 18 and would easily sign himself off as a legal adult whenever he felt like. This arguments by the rehab therefore demanded that Elijah would face his withdrawal from home where he could develop focus on eliminating addiction to heroin (Miller, 2017). Now, I never had any idea or had any encounter with an individual facing drug withdrawal. Despite having not experienced it, I knew it was one of the most painful and frightening experiences one could ever boast off. The instruction was that Elijah had to be kept under custody in my parents’ room and be given at any point no chance to leave sight. The entire experience was devastating, I happened to be one who empathized with Elijah however. Despite the fact that he was at one point my enemy, my opinion was that he should have had a better treatment even though.  The events occurred in a chain series that would think everything was under plan. All the occurrences within that very day still remain fresh in my memory that one could think the event happened yesterday.

This day’s events and all activities remain fresh in my mind as if they did happen yesterday. It appears to remain one of the fresh memories following the fact that a good day full expectation, a day termed as “Mothers’ Day” turned out from what was expected to shower happiness, everything turns directly in the contrary.  Based on my experience with a home family as a case study of what and how drug withdrawal is conducted, I would recommend to those who have never witnessed what happens in rehabs to forget about imagining being taken into a rehab. It is embarrassing, painful and with no glory a place of thugs.













Miller Leah (2017). Long Term Rehab programs. Retrieved on 16th Sept, 2017 from