Country Conditions Monitoring – Libya


Rights Watch


Libya has a population of about 6.5 million people with immigrants making up 12% of the population. The country is experiencing a political crisis. The current political crisis in Libya is attributable to three authorities are competing for legitimacy. Clashes between armed groups have displaced hundreds of thousands of people and disrupted access to basic amenities. The forces have committed gross humanitarian crimes that include torture, unlawful killings, arbitrary detention, disappearances and displacement of people. Migrants and asylum seekers are often sexually assaulted, tortured and forced into slavery. The Rights Watch is involved in general monitoring of human rights conditions and developments that affect human rights conditions in the country. Therefore, this report examines recent events regarding human rights conditions in Libya.

Killings of civilians

In late October, an unidentified aircraft stroked several locations in eastern city of Derna where it killed 16 civilians and wounded 4 children. The human rights watch was involved in recovering the bodies of the victims. The victims are said to hail from the same extended family. None of the warring parties accepted responsibility with the Libyan national Army forces (LNA) blaming terrorists. In the past, the LNA has conducted airstrikes in the city to oust the extremist armed group Islamic state. Therefore, it is likely that either of the warring parties is responsible for the attack.

The international humanitarian law applies to all parties in a conflict. It provides that all attacks must be directed at military targets. Therefore, the warring parties have a responsibility to exclude civilian locations in their targets.




We will call the NGO “Rights Watch,” a fictitious international human rights

organization not unlike Amnesty International or Human Rights Watch. It will be

important to draft your monitoring reports with the public eye in mind and any typos

will be heavily penalized. Please imagine that these reports are placed on the

website twice per year.


You are therefore free to cover developments going back into

July 2017, but you should not be reporting on events prior to that because those

events, in theory, would have been covered by Rights Watch’s first report of 2017.

Note, however, that historical events (atrocities during a civil war five years ago) can

become newsworthy again if there is a recent news development (e.g., the

establishment of a war crimes tribunal to examine the atrocities committed during the

civil war).


You should use endnotes for your sources in your monitoring reports so that I can

see that you are drawing on a wide variety of sources. While the actual text of your

report should not exceed two pages, endnotes on a third page will not count.

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